Biochemists in History

Chemistry: Alchemists - Chemists

Famous Birthdays

  • 1854-11-03 Jokichi Takamine, Takaoka Toyama, Japanese-American Biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources
  • 1877-03-09 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist
  • 1879-03-20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • 1880-03-12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1883-07-03 Moses Leverock Crossley, US bio-chemist
  • 1884-04-12 Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)
  • 1887-04-04 William Cumming Rose, Greenville South Carolina, American Biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid)
  • 1891-07-05 John Northrop, US, biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
  • 1892-11-20 James B Collip, Canadian biochemist/physiologist (insulin)
  • 1893-09-16 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Hungary, biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937)
  • 1893-11-13 Edward A Doisy Sr, US bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943)
  • 1895-02-21 Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1896-10-22 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
  • 1896-12-15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, US bio-chemist
  • 1900-12-03 Richard Kuhn, Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)
  • 1901-05-18 Vincent du Vigneaud, US biochemist
  • 1901-05-27 Conrad Elvehjem, McFarland, Wisconsin, USA, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin)
  • 1903-03-24 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • 1903-04-27 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist
  • 1903-07-06 Axel Theorell, Sweden, biochemist, studied enzymes (Nobel 1955)
  • 1904-08-16 Wendell Stanley, biochemist, 1st to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946)
  • 1904-10-03 Charles Pedersen, UK, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1905-08-11 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • 1906-06-19 Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1910-02-09 Jacques Monod, French biochemist
  • 1911-01-30 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist
  • 1911-06-25 William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1912-01-21 Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • 1913-04-21 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1913-09-04 Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977)
  • 1914-10-28 Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1916-01-10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1916-01-20 Walter Bartley, biochemist
  • 1917-10-02 Christian de Duve, Thames Ditton, Surrey, cytologist and biochemist (Nobel, 1974), (d. 2013)
  • 1918-01-23 Gertrude Belle Elion, biochemist/drug researcher (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York
  • 1918-03-03 Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
  • 1918-08-13 Frederick Sanger, England, biochemist (Nobel 1958, 1980)
  • 1919-04-22 Donald Cram, US, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1919-11-22 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • 1922-01-09 Har G Khorana, India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968)
  • 1922-01-28 Robert W Holley, US, biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel '68)
  • 1922-06-09 Fernand Seguin, Canadian biochemist - Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1926-03-22 Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist
  • 1926-07-16 Philip Randle, biochemist
  • 1926-08-11 Aaron Klug, OM/PRS/biochemist
  • 1929-07-01 Gerald M Edelman, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in Ozone Park, NY, (d. 2014)
  • 1934-05-21 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1935-11-10 Bernard Babior, American biochemist
  • 1937-02-20 Robert Huber, Munich Germany, biochemist (Nobel 1988)
  • 1943-02-19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943-09-06 Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1944-08-22 Henk Veldhoen, biochemist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1948-02-25 G B Warren, British biochemist
  • 1950-11-03 James Rothman, Haverhill Massachusetts, American Biochemist and Nobel Laureate who discovered how vesicles, sac-like structures that transport hormones and growth factors, reach their destination in cells and know where and when to release their contents

Famous Deaths

  • 1947-05-16 Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1949-05-20 Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
  • 1950-08-05 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1951-10-06 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1952-02-10 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)
  • 1952-11-09 Chaim Weizmann, bio-chemist/1st president Israel, dies at 77
  • 1960-07-26 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • 1962-07-27 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), dies at 61
  • 1965-06-19 James B Collip, Canadian bio-chemist (insulin), dies at 72
  • 1970-08-01 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German Biochemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 86
  • 1976-04-17 Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1976-05-31 Jacques Monod, French biochemist, dies
  • 1980-02-02 William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68
  • 1980-04-21 Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1982-08-23 Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977), dies
  • 1984-10-20 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
  • 1985-09-25 William Cumming Rose, American Biochemist, dies at 98
  • 1986-10-22 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, bio-chemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1987-11-28 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74
  • 1988-01-24 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91
  • 1991-02-11 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
  • 1991-08-23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • 1994-08-19 Walter Bartley, biochemist, dies at 78
  • 1995-01-18 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91
  • 1996-05-20 Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist, dies at 70
  • 1996-06-29 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-26 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist, dies at 93
  • 1997-05-22 Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)
  • 1999-04-10 Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 2000-10-15 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2002-06-20 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2004-06-29 Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)
  • 2004-08-15 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004-12-29 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2013-05-04 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist, dies from euthanasia at 95