Chemists in History

Chemistry: Alchemists - Biochemists

Historical Events

  • 1774-08-01 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen
  • 1827-04-07 English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches

1stHistoric Invention

1867-11-25 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886-05-29 Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • 1895-11-27 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize
  • 1909-09-12 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1915-11-12 Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-11-09 Frederick Soddy wins the 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (announced in 1922 due to a technicality)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-12-10 Nobel prizes awarded to Niels Bohr (Physics), Francis William Aston (Chemistry) and Fridtjof Nansen (Peace)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1934-11-15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935-12-10 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Irene Joliot-Curie (daughter of Marie Curie) and her husband Frédéric Joliot for the discovery of artificial radioactivity

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1936-12-10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry
  • 1938-11-16 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-06-07 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1943-04-19 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1949-09-30 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Compnay announces an improved method for producing cortisone
  • 1950-10-20 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.
  • 1951-10-15 Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesizes the first oral contraceptive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-12-10 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-12-10 Willard Libby wins the Nobel prize in Chemistry for his work developing carbon-14 dating (radiocarbon dating).

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963-12-10 Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta receive the 1963 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on the technology of high polymers

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • 1965-10-21 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward
  • 1966-12-10 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Robert S. Mulliken
  • 1968-10-30 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • 1971-01-06 Berkeley chemists announces 1st synthetic growth hormones
  • 1974-10-15 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J Flory (macro molecules)
  • 1976-10-18 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
  • 1984-10-17 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • 1985-10-16 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman & Jerome Karle
  • 1988-10-19 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993-01-29 US postal service issues a stamp commemorating chemist Percy Lavon Julian

  • 1993-10-13 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis & Michael Smith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2003-10-08 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012-10-10 Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on G protein-coupled receptors

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka
  • 2013-10-09 Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel win the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work on multiscale models for complex chemical systems
  • 2014-10-08 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
  • 2015-10-07 Nobel prize in Chemistry awarded to Tomas Lindahl (Sweden), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (Turkey) for work on cells DNA repair

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 280

  • 1579-01-12 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist, (found boiling point temperature)
  • 1619-12-17 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, soldier/chemist/engraver/mathematician, commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, (d. 1682)
  • 1627-01-25 Robert Boyle, Ireld, physicist/chemist/author (experiments with color)
  • 1660-02-19 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1672-02-13 Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)
  • 1677-09-17 Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (d. 1761)
  • 1694-06-26 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1768)
  • 1705-04-12 William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)
  • 1709-07-11 Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)
  • 1722-12-23 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Turinge, Swedish Chemist who discovered nickel and tungsten
  • 1728-04-16 Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
  • 1731-10-10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)
  • 1735-03-20 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (d. 1784)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1736-01-19 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 1819)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1736-08-26 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • 1742-12-09 Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist (lemon acid)
  • 1743-08-26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (Oxygen), born in Paris, France
  • 1743-12-01 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • 1748-12-09 Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)
  • 1749-11-03 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1750-03-20 Martinus van Marum, Dutch chemist/physicist (Homo Diluvii Testus)
  • 1755-06-15 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)
  • 1760-06-05 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium)
  • 1763-05-16 Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)
  • 1768-05-03 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (d. 1838)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1771-06-03 Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • 1771-06-24 E I Du Pont, France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1777-08-14 Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist and chemist (View of Chemical Law), born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1851)

Physicist/Chemist Hans Oersted
Physicist/Chemist
Hans Oersted
  • 1778-12-06 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist (d. 1850)
  • 1778-12-17 Hunphry Davy, English chemist (discovered some elements)
  • 1779-08-20 Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (d. 1848)
  • 1785-04-09 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch physician/chemist (electric car 1835)
  • 1788-01-11 William Thomas Brande, English chemist (d. 1866)
  • 1788-08-02 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1853)
  • 1792-01-12 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (d. 1841)
  • 1792-10-12 Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
  • 1794-01-25 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • 1795-01-06 Anselme Payen, French chemist (d. 1871)
  • 1795-02-08 Friedlieb F Runge, German chemist (Chinoline)
  • 1796-01-22 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1802-02-02 Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist
  • 1803-05-12 Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist (agricultural chemics)
  • 1805-12-21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • 1806-06-16 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • 1810-07-21 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1811-03-30 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, born in Göttingen, Westphalia, Rhine Confederation (d. 1899)

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • 1812-06-09 Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens)
  • 1813-08-21 Jean Stas, Belgian chemist (d. 1891)
  • 1813-12-19 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), born in Belfast (d. 1885)
  • 1816-08-21 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French chemist (d. 1856)
  • 1817-02-02 John Glover, English chemist (sulfuric acid)
  • 1817-10-24 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, Draguignan, France, French chemist and inventor of margarine
  • 1817-10-30 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry)
  • 1819-07-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • 1822-06-13 Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1825-01-18 Edward Frankland, Lancaster, U.K, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence
  • 1825-06-28 Richard ACE Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenemyer kolf)
  • 1826-07-13 Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
  • 1827-07-17 Frederick A Able, English chemist/inventor (cordiet)
  • 1827-10-29 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1828-09-15 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (d. 1886)
  • 1830-05-10 Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • 1830-08-19 Julius Lothar Meyer, Varel Oldenburg, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev
  • 1830-11-03 Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist
  • 1831-03-31 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist
  • 1832-06-17 William Crookes, English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium)
  • 1833-01-07 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1833-10-21 Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist, invented dynamite and foundered Nobel Prizes, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1896)

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1834-02-08 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, born in Tobolsk, Russia (d. 1907)

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1835-10-31 J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1835-12-06 Wilhelm Rudolf Fittig, Hamburg, German Chemist (synthesizing organic compounds)
  • 1836-05-28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
  • 1836-08-11 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1902)
  • 1839-02-11 Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist
  • 1839-03-08 James Mason Crafts, US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)
  • 1842-09-20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
  • 1842-10-01 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • 1842-12-03 Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
  • 1843-10-22 Stephen Babcock, Oneida County New York, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying)
  • 1844-10-30 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • 1846-02-10 Ira Remsen, American chemist (d. 1927)
  • 1847-03-04 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1847-03-27 Otto Wallach, Germany, chemist (Nobel 1910)
  • 1850-10-08 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
  • 1852-01-01 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1852-08-30 Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Neth, physical chemist (Nobel 1901)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852-09-28 Henri Moissan, French chemist who isolated the element "fluorine" from its compounds (Nobel 1906), born in Paris (d. 1907)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852-10-09 Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist,Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Euskirchen, Rhine Province (d. 1919)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Hermann Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Hermann Emil Fischer
  • 1853-09-02 Wilhelm Ostwald, Germany, physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1854-10-24 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • 1854-11-05 Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1859-02-19 Svante August Arhenius, Swedish physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1860-03-31 Isidor Traube, Hildesheim Hanover, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids)
  • 1860-05-20 Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1860-07-11 Johannis J van Laar, Dutch chemist (thermodynamics)
  • 1860-09-28 Paul Ulrich Villard, Lyon, French Chemist and Physicist who discovered gamma rays
  • 1861-01-18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist
  • 1863-11-14 Leo H A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (bakelite)

Famous Weddings


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1862-04-27 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev

HeartWedding of Interest

1895-07-26 Physicist and chemist Marie Curie (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

HeartWedding of Interest

1923-06-17 Chemist Linus Pauling (22) weds Ava Helen Miller

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling

HeartWedding of Interest

1926-10-04 Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (29) weds physicist Frédéric Joliot (26) in Paris, France

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935-12-24 Chemist Percy Lavon Julian weds sociologist Anna Roselle Johnson

HeartWedding of Interest

1939-09-30 Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding (28) weds analytic chemist Ann Brookfield

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding

HeartWedding of Interest

1985-06-21 Chemist Carl Djerassi (61) weds biographer and teacher Diane Middlebrook (46) at his ranch

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi

HeartWedding of Interest

1998-12-30 Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel (44) weds quantum chemist Joachim Sauer (49) in Bonn, Germany

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 226

  • 1633-11-07 Cornelis Drebbel, physicist/chemist/inventor (builder of the first submarine), dies
  • 1644-12-30 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (b. 1577)
  • 1670-03-10 Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)
  • 1682-11-29 Rupert, prince of Palts/adm/chemist/engraver/mathematician, dies at 62
  • 1731-01-06 Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
  • 1734-05-24 Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1742-11-12 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1765-08-19 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Swedish Chemist who discovered nickel and tungsten, dies at 42
  • 1768-04-29 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)
  • 1780-10-17 William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
  • 1784-07-08 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1786-05-21 Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist, dies at 43
  • 1790-02-05 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
  • 1794-05-08 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • 1799-12-06 Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71
  • 1804-02-06 Joseph Priestley, Engl/US theologist/philosopher/chemist, dies at 70
  • 1809-12-16 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (b. 1755)
  • 1810-02-24 Henry Cavendish, British physicist and chemist (discovery of hydrogen), dies at 78
  • 1817-01-01 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819-08-19 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), dies at 83

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1819-11-15 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (b. 1749)
  • 1821-04-20 Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67
  • 1822-11-06 Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • 1823-04-07 Jacques Charles, French chemist (b. 1746)
  • 1828-12-22 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (b. 1766)
  • 1832-07-30 Jean-A-C Chaptal, French chemist/Internal minister, dies
  • 1837-12-26 Martinus van Marum, chemist/physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87
  • 1838-10-01 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
  • 1841-02-15 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch dr/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • 1841-10-28 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • 1843-07-25 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (b. 1766)
  • 1844-07-27 John Dalton, Engl physicist/chemist (molecular theorist), dies at 77
  • 1845-04-18 Nicholas T the Saussure, Swiss chemist/botany, dies at 77
  • 1848-08-07 Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (b. 1779)
  • 1850-04-09 William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • 1850-05-09 Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, chemist/physicist, dies
  • 1852-08-15 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 1853-04-13 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)
  • 1853-04-23 Auguste Laurent, chemist, dies
  • 1854-04-15 Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-07-09 Amedeo Avogadro, Italian scientist who contributed to molecular theory, including what is known as Avogadro's law (6.022 x 10 ^ 23), dies at 79

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Scientist
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1856-08-19 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French Chemist, dies at 39
  • 1862-08-30 Charles Bernard Desormes, French Physicist and Chemist (carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide compositions), dies at 91
  • 1870-04-04 Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
  • 1873-04-18 Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69
  • 1874-11-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • 1878-01-07 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
  • 1878-01-19 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1880-05-31 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, dies at 62
  • 1885-07-01 Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens), dies at 73
  • 1885-11-26 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), dies at 71
  • 1887-05-11 Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist (b. 1802)
  • 1888-08-09 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet, dies at 45
  • 1889-04-09 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • 1889-04-19 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • 1892-02-20 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Law of Kopp), dies at 74
  • 1892-03-01 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1892-05-05 August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1895-04-11 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist, dies at 64
  • 1896-07-13 Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896-12-10 Alfred Nobel, Swedish Chemist and founder of the Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • 1899-08-09 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899-08-16 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, dies at 88

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • 1901-04-01 Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
  • 1902-01-14 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), dies at 65
  • 1902-05-01 John Glover, English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85
  • 1902-09-06 Frederick A Able, English chemist/inventor (cordiet), dies at 75
  • 1904-10-04 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (b. 1847)
  • 1906-04-19 Pierre Curie, French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907-02-02 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, dies at 72

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1907-02-08 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (fasenleer), dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907-02-20 Henri Moissan, French chemist who isolated the element "fluorine" from its compounds (Nobel 1906), dies of appendicitis at 54

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • 1907-03-18 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (b. 1827)
  • 1907-07-14 William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1909-01-22 Richard A C E Erlenmeyer, German chemist, dies at 83
  • 1910-05-10 Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist, dies at 85
  • 1910-11-19 Wilhelm Rudolf Fittig, German Chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), dies at 74
  • 1911-03-01 Jacobus H van 't Hoff, Dutch chemist/physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 58
  • 1911-03-13 Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80
  • 1914-05-27 Joseph Wilson Swan, physicist/chemist, dies
  • 1914-12-27 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor (b. 1863)
  • 1915-12-18 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist, dies at 82
  • 1916-07-23 William Ramsey, chemist, dies
  • 1917-06-20 James Mason Crafts, US chemist, dies at 78
  • 1917-08-20 JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), dies
  • 1919-04-04 William Crookes, English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919-07-15 Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate, commits suicide at 66

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Hermann Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Hermann Emil Fischer
  • 1919-11-15 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913), dies
  • 1922-07-22 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
  • 1922-07-22 John Motley Morehead III, American Chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), dies at 67
  • 1923-03-27 Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
  • 1923-05-20 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist, dies
  • 1927-03-04 Ira Remsen American chemist (b. 1846)
  • 1927-10-02 Svante August Arrhenius, chemist, dies
  • 1928-04-02 Theodore Richards, US chemist (atomic weight, Nobel 1914), dies
  • 1929-09-23 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931-02-26 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • 1931-07-02 Stephen Babcock, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • 1932-04-04 Wilhelm Ostwald, physical chemist (Nobel 1909), dies