Chemists in History (Part 2)

Chemistry: Alchemists - Biochemists

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 280

  • 1863-12-06 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist (d. 1914)
  • 1863-12-15 Arthur D Little, US, chemist (patented rayon)
  • 1864-06-25 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist/chemist (Nobel 1920)
  • 1865-04-01 Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1865-10-12 Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866-08-05 Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1866-12-12 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913)
  • 1867-11-21 Vladimir N Ipatiev, Russian chemist
  • 1868-01-09 S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • 1868-01-31 Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
  • 1868-08-22 Willis Rodney Whitney, Jamestown New York, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research
  • 1868-12-09 Fritz Haber, German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)
  • 1869-03-07 Ernst J. Cohen, Dutch chemist
  • 1870-01-16 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 1870-06-21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
  • 1870-11-03 John Motley Morehead III, American Chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding)
  • 1871-05-06 Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1872-08-13 Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1874-07-14 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • 1874-07-25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Lublin Poland, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber
  • 1874-08-27 Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931)
  • 1874-10-26 Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
  • 1875-10-23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • 1876-06-13 William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • 1877-03-09 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist
  • 1877-06-04 Heinrich Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1877-09-02 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel laureate, (d. 1956), born in Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1956)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • 1878-02-14 Julius Nieuwland, Hansbeke Belgium, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene)
  • 1879-03-08 Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium/actinium)
  • 1879-03-11 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)
  • 1879-07-10 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), born in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • 1880-08-07 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)
  • 1881-03-23 Hermann Staudinger, Germany, chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • 1881-11-16 Joel H. Hildebrand, Camden New Jersey, American Chemist and Educator whose work on the chemistry of solutions helped treat divers with the 'bends' through the introduction of helium and oxygen breathing mixtures
  • 1881-12-31 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro chemistry)
  • 1883-03-29 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Micromanometric analysis)
  • 1883-07-03 Moses Leverock Crossley, US bio-chemist
  • 1884-03-24 Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
  • 1884-03-25 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
  • 1884-08-30 Theodor Svedberg, Sweden, chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926)
  • 1884-10-11 Friedrich C R Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel)
  • 1885-08-01 George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • 1886-03-08 Edward Kendall, chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)
  • 1886-10-26 Mark Aldanov, [Landau], Russian/French chemist (Myslitel) [OS]
  • 1886-11-07 Mark Aldanov, [Landau], Russian/French chemist/writer [OS=Oct 26]
  • 1887-08-31 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian/British chemist
  • 1887-09-13 Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1887-11-19 James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1889-04-21 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1889-05-18 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
  • 1891-03-12 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • 1891-05-15 Fritz Feigl, Austria, chemist (spot tests)
  • 1892-06-22 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • 1893-10-28 Christopher K Ingold, English chemist
  • 1893-11-13 Edward A Doisy Sr, US bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943)
  • 1894-02-11 Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)
  • 1894-06-20 Lloyd A Hall, Illinois, pioneer in food chemistry
  • 1895-01-15 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896-04-15 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1896-06-07 Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist and physicist (Nobel 1966), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • 1896-12-15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, US bio-chemist
  • 1897-05-17 Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1897-06-16 Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1897-07-20 Tadeusz Reichstein, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897-09-12 Irene Joliot-Curie, physicist, (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935), born in Paris, France (d. 1956), daughter of Marie Curie

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1897-11-09 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel 1967)
  • 1898-02-25 William Thomas Astbury, English physicist/chemist (textiles)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1898-11-26 Karl Ziegler, German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), born in Helsa, German Empire (d. 1973)

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • 1899-01-12 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948)
  • 1899-03-26 James B Connant, chemist/college president (Yale)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899-04-11 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1975)

  • 1899-04-16 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)
  • 1899-08-19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1900-11-18 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1901-02-20 Henry Eyring, Mexican/US chemist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-02-28 Linus Pauling, American chemist and peace activist (Nobel 1954, 1962), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1994)

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1902-06-16 Kornelis Posthumus, Dutch chemist
  • 1902-07-10 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950)
  • 1902-08-10 Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1902-10-22 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, born in Hamilton, Ontario
  • 1903-02-26 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1903-03-04 William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • 1903-03-24 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • 1904-09-04 Julian Hill, research chemist
  • 1906-01-11 Albert Hofmann, Switzerland, chemist (discovered LSD)
  • 1906-07-04 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, Schenectady New York, American Chemist and Meteorologist (cloud seeding)
  • 1906-07-23 Vladimir Prelog, Sarajevo, Croatian-Swiss Chemist and Nobel Laureate
  • 1906-08-17 Hazel Bishop, chemist/cosmetics manufacturer
  • 1907-01-14 Derek Richter, British neuro chemist (Aspects of learning & memory)
  • 1907-04-08 Maurice Stacey, chemist
  • 1907-10-02 Alexander Robertus, organic chemist
  • 1907-10-02 Alexander R. Todd, British chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1908-06-10 Ernst B Chain, German chemist/bacteriologist (penicillin, Nobel 1945)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908-12-17 Willard Frank Libby, American chemist (carbon-14 "atomic clock" - Nobel 1960), born in Grand Valley, Colorado (d. 1980)

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-03-01 Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist and Nobel laureate, born in London (d. 2002)

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1910-03-11 Robert H G Havemann, German chemist
  • 1910-05-12 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (penicillin/B12/Nobel 1964), born in Cairo (d. 1994)
  • 1910-06-16 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist
  • 1910-12-01 Louis Slotin, Winnipeg Manitoba, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device
  • 1910-12-13 Charles Alfred Coulson, British Chemist (theoretical), born in Dudley, England

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 226

  • 1934-01-13 Paul Ulrich Villard, French Chemist and Physicist who discovered gamma rays, dies at 73
  • 1934-01-29 Fritz Haber, German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65
  • 1934-05-02 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist (commercial synthetic rubber), dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934-07-04 Marie Skłodowska-Curie, French-Polish Physicist/Chemist, 1st woman to win Nobel Prize (1903, 1911) dies at 66 of radiation poisoning

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • 1934-11-16 Carl von Linde, German Engineer and Chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, dies at 92
  • 1936-06-11 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene), dies at 58
  • 1940-04-26 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1941-11-18 Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
  • 1942-12-11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • 1943-10-27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • 1944-02-24 Leo H A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (bakeliet), dies at 80
  • 1944-11-02 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1945-11-20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1946-03-23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American Chemist (atomic theory), dies at 70
  • 1946-05-30 Louis Slotin, Canadian Physicist and Chemist at Los Alamos, dies of radiation poisoning at 35 (b. 1910)
  • 1947-08-19 Ernst Laqueur, Dut chemist/psychologist (sexual hormones), dies at 67
  • 1949-03-30 Friedrich C R Bergius, chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64
  • 1949-08-31 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (actinium), dies
  • 1950-02-06 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (b. 1884)
  • 1950-08-05 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1952-11-09 Chaim Weizmann, bio-chemist/1st president Israel, dies at 77
  • 1952-11-29 Vladimir N Ipatiev, Russian/US chemist, dies at 85
  • 1953-09-16 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • 1955-08-12 James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956-09-22 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 79

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • 1957-02-25 Mark Aldanov, [Mark A Landau], Russian/French chemist, dies at 70
  • 1957-08-05 Heinrich O Wieland, German chemist (Nobel 1927), dies at 80
  • 1957-08-16 Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1958-01-09 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1958-04-16 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, dies of ovarian cancer at 37

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1958-06-20 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950), dies
  • 1958-07-01 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), dies at 78
  • 1958-09-17 Friedrich Adolf Paneth, Austrian/British chemist, dies at 71
  • 1958-09-30 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph-stipulation), dies at 79
  • 1962-09-08 Hermann Standiger, German chemist (Nobel 1953), dies at 84
  • 1964-11-06 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), dies at 91
  • 1965-06-19 James B Collip, Canadian bio-chemist (insulin), dies at 72
  • 1965-08-02 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb, dies at 73
  • 1965-10-13 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948), dies at 66
  • 1966-07-05 George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1966-11-02 Peter Debye, Dutch-American Physical Chemist (Nobel 1936), dies at 82
  • 1967-07-31 Richard Kuhn, German chemist, dies
  • 1968-07-28 Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1944), dies at 89
  • 1970-12-08 Christopher K Ingold, English chemist, dies at 77
  • 1971-01-23 Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
  • 1971-02-25 Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1971-05-04 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88
  • 1971-06-15 Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1971-06-18 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1972-05-04 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1972-09-14 Kornelis Posthumus, chemist, dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973-08-12 Karl Ziegler, German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), dies at 74

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • 1973-11-11 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish Chemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 78
  • 1974-01-07 Charles Alfred Coulson, British Chemist (theoretical), dies at 63
  • 1975-02-08 Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975-04-19 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, dies at 76

  • 1976-02-22 Michael Polany, Hungarians/English chemist/sociologist, dies at 84
  • 1976-09-26 Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1976-10-05 Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1978-06-07 Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1978-12-11 Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist and Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1979-05-02 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1979-07-08 Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980-09-08 Willard Libby, American chemist (radiocarbon dating), dies of pneumonia at 71

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby
  • 1981-01-05 Harold C Urey, US chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), dies at 87
  • 1982-03-28 William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1982-04-09 Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies
  • 1982-12-07 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) but later opposed nuclear weapons, dies at 82
  • 1983-04-30 Joel H. Hildebrand, American Chemist whose research led to new treatments for divers with the 'bends' through the use of helium and oxygen breathing mixtures, dies at 101
  • 1984-12-15 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, dies at 82
  • 1985-09-09 Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1986-09-25 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian Chemist and Nobel Prize winner, dies at 90
  • 1986-10-22 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, bio-chemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1986-10-31 Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist and physicist (Nobel 1966), dies at 90
  • 1987-04-11 Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67
  • 1987-05-27 John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1987-11-28 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74
  • 1988-12-04 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (b. 1899)
  • 1990-07-06 Nathaniel Wyeth, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle), dies at 78
  • 1991-08-23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • 1991-09-09 Edwin M McMillan, US, chemist (neptunium, plutonium, Nobel 1951), dies
  • 1993-07-25 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, American Chemist and Meteorologist (cloud seeding), dies at 87
  • 1994-07-29 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (B-12, Nobel 1964), dies at 78
  • 1995-01-18 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91
  • 1995-08-21 Manfred Donike, chemist Drug Test pioneer, dies at 61
  • 1996-01-10 Alexander Robertus, organic chemist, dies at 88
  • 1996-01-27 Julian Hill, research chemist, dies at 91
  • 1996-03-14 Vic Marshall, chemist, dies at 74
  • 1996-08-01 Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish/Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950), dies at 99
  • 1996-09-12 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist, dies at 86
  • 1996-09-26 Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist, dies at 75
  • 1997-01-10 Alexander R. Todd, British chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), dies at 89
  • 1998-01-07 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss Chemist and Nobel Laureate, dies at 91
  • 1998-01-09 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
  • 1998-03-16 Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1999-02-25 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1999-03-03 Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2001-06-17 Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2001-10-07 Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2002-07-28 Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 92

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin