# Mathematicians in History (Part 2)

**Mathematics:**
Algebra -
Statisticians

## Famous Birthdays

Birthdays **101 - 200** of **466**

**1719-09-27**Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (d. 1800)**1725-09-05**Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (d. 1799)**1730-03-31**Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

### Person of **Interest**

1731-11-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

**1732-04-08**David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician (d. 1796)**1733-05-04**Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (d. 1799)**1736-01-25**Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Turin, Italy, mathematician and astronomer**1736-09-16**Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician**1737-08-14**Charles Hutton, mathematician**1743-09-17**Jean-Marie Caritat, France, mathematician**1745-06-08**Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (d. 1818)**1746-05-10**Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)**1748-03-10**John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician**1749-03-23**Pierre-Simon Laplace, mathematician/astronomer/physicist

### Person of **Interest**

1749-09-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

**1750-04-24**Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician**1752-09-18**Adrien-Marie Lagendre, mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals**1753-05-13**Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Nolay, Côte-d'Or (d. 1823)**1754-03-23**Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)**1755-04-27**Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)**1755-07-22**Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)**1756-08-29**Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician (d. 1830)**1759-10-04**Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (d. 1803)**1760-07-08**Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)**1761-09-28**Budan de Boislaurent, mathematician**1765-04-28**Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1834)**1765-06-15**Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (d. 1831)**1765-09-22**Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)**1765-11-04**Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)**1765-12-22**Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (d. 1825)**1768-03-21**Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist**1768-09-23**William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)**1771-06-19**Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician (d. 1859)**1773-03-26**Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)**1775-02-09**Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungary, mathematician (parallel axiom)**1775-07-23**Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (d. 1812)

### Person of **Interest**

1776-04-01 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

### Person of **Interest**

1777-04-30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1855)

**1780-03-27**August L Crelle, German inventor/mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)**1780-12-26**Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)**1781-06-21**Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)**1781-10-05**Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)**1783-12-19**Charles-Julien Brianchon, France, mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)**1786-02-02**Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)**1786-07-24**Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)**1788-07-01**Jean-Victor Poncelet, mathematician, founded projective geometry**1789-08-21**Augustin-Louis, Baron Cauchy, French mathematician**1790-03-15**Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)**1790-11-17**August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)**1791-04-09**George Peacock, Denton County Durham, English Mathematician (algebraic theory)**1792-12-01**Lobachevsky, mathematician**1793-11-15**Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry)**1794-03-05**Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer**1794-04-12**Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)**1796-02-22**Adolphe Quetelet, Belgium, mathematician/astronomer/statistician**1796-06-01**Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)**1796-06-14**Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (d. 1866)**1798-04-17**Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)**1798-09-11**Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/mathematician/physicist**1800-05-30**Karl W Feuerbach, German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)**1801-06-16**Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)**1801-08-28**Antoine A Cournot, French philosopher/mathematician (rule of Cournot)**1802-08-05**Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)**1802-12-15**Janos Bolyai, Romania, mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry)**1803-01-02**Gugliemo Libri, [della Somaia], Ital/Fren mathematician/book collector**1803-09-29**Charles-Francois Sturm, French mathematician (Sturm's Theorem)**1804-10-28**Pierre F Verhulst, Belgium, mathematician (logistic curve)**1804-12-10**Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (d. 1851)**1804-12-16**Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)**1805-08-04**William Rowan Hamilton, Irish mathematician (d. 1865)**1809-04-04**Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer**1809-04-15**Hermann Gunther Grassmann, mathematician**1810-01-29**Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician**1811-10-25**Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)**1812-09-29**Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, born in Rostock**1814-05-30**Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)**1815-10-31**Karl Weierstrass, Germany, mathematician (theory of functions)**1815-11-02**George Boole, mathematician (Boolean algebra)

### Person of **Interest**

1815-12-10 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

**1817-02-22**Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)**1819-08-13**George Gabriel Stokes, physicist/mathematician (spectroscope)**1819-12-22**Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)**1820-11-23**Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)**1821-03-15**Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)**1821-05-16**Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)**1822-03-04**Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)**1822-12-24**Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), born in Dieuze, France (d. 1901)**1823-04-16**Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)**1823-12-07**Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)**1826-09-17**G F Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function)**1827-01-21**Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)**1830-12-07**Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician/minister of Education**1831-10-06**J W Richard Dedekind, Ger mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers)**1832-04-19**Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician/dramatist (Nobel 1904)**1832-05-07**Carl G Neumann, German mathematician/physicist (Neumann-functions)**1832-05-14**Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)**1834-08-04**John Venn, English mathematician (d. 1923)**1835-03-12**Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer**1835-11-16**Eugenio Beltrami, Cremona Lombardy, Italian Mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry)**1836-08-11**Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1902)

## Famous Deaths

Deaths **101 - 200** of **402**

**1765-05-17**Alexis Claude Clairault, French mathematician (b. 1713)**1768-02-02**Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)**1768-06-15**James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)**1768-09-02**Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (b. 1703)**1768-10-01**Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80**1770-12-05**James Stirling, Scot mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78**1772-03-29**Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)**1773-07-07**Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician/astronomer, dies at 60**1774-02-04**Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)**1777-09-25**Johann Heinrich Lambert, mathematician, dies at 49**1777-10-05**Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (b. 1704)**1781-07-29**Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1713)**1782-03-17**Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (b. 1700)**1782-05-20**William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)

### Person of **Interest**

1783-09-18 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 76

**1783-09-27**Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)

### Person of **Interest**

1783-10-29 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosophe/mathematician, dies at 66

**1783-11-23**Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)**1785-01-23**Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)**1785-06-02**Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)**1790-01-15**John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)**1794-03-29**Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50**1794-04-08**Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, mathematician dies**1796-01-01**Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)**1799-02-19**Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)**1799-12-18**Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (b. 1725)**1800-06-20**Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (b. 1719)**1802-09-26**Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician and military officer (b. 1754)

### Person of **Interest**

1806-10-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., dies at 74

**1807-08-15**Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician, dies at 70**1812-02-24**Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)**1813-04-10**Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)**1818-03-25**Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (b. 1745)**1818-07-28**Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)**1819-07-20**John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies

### Person of **Interest**

1822-08-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer, dies at 72

**1822-11-19**Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)**1823-08-02**Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70**1826-07-22**Giuseppe Piazzi, monk/mathematician (found 1st asteroid), dies at 80**1827-03-05**Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)**1829-04-06**Niels H Able, Norwegian mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26**1830-05-16**Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies**1831-04-19**Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)

### Person of **Interest**

1831-06-27 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, dies at 55

**1832-05-31**Évariste Galois, French mathematician (b. 1811)**1832-08-24**Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (b. 1796)**1834-01-16**Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)**1834-03-12**Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33**1836-08-16**Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (b. 1755)**1839-07-29**Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)**1840-03-22**Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (b. 1798)**1840-03-28**Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89**1840-04-25**Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)**1843-04-28**William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies**1843-05-24**Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1765)**1843-09-11**Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, died at 57**1844-08-30**Francis Baily, English astronomer/mathematician (Baily's Beads), dies**1847-02-15**Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1794)**1847-06-07**Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35**1848-12-18**Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)**1849-02-15**Pierre F Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44**1851-02-18**Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)**1852-10-11**Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)

### Person of **Interest**

1852-11-27 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, dies of uterine cancer at 36

**1854-07-06**Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65

### Person of **Interest**

1855-02-23 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

**1855-10-06**August L Crelle, inventor/mathematician (Rechentafeln), dies at 75**1855-12-15**Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (b. 1803)**1856-05-12**Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)**1856-11-20**Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81**1857-05-23**Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)**1858-11-08**George Peacock, English Mathematician, dies at 67**1859-05-04**Joseph Diaz Gergonne, French mathematician (b. 1771)**1859-05-05**Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53**1859-12-05**Louis Poinsot, French mathematician/instrument maker, dies at 82**1860-01-27**János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)**1862-03-01**Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)**1866-05-13**Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (b. 1796)**1866-07-20**G F Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies**1867-12-22**Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79**1868-05-22**Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies**1868-09-26**August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)**1869-09-28**Libri, mathematician, dies**1871-03-18**Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)

### Person of **Interest**

1871-10-20 Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79

**1872-10-21**Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78**1872-11-07**Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)**1877-03-31**Antoine A Cournot, French mathematician (rule of C), dies at 75**1877-09-26**Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809)**1878-07-07**Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)**1880-10-06**Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies**1880-12-12**Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83**1882-09-08**Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies**1884-03-01**Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)**1888-08-09**Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet, dies at 45**1889-12-12**Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)**1891-02-10**Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)**1891-09-18**William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)**1891-10-03**Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (b. 1842)**1891-12-29**Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician, dies at 68