Medical in History

Historical Events

  • 1582-12-15 Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens professor of botany and medicine
  • 1677-01-21 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), published in Boston
  • 1760-06-10 NY passes 1st effective law regulating practice of medicine
  • 1765-05-03 1st North American medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • 1768-06-21 1st US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer)
  • 1772-09-26 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • 1818-04-14 US Medical Corps forms
  • 1847-05-05 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1847-05-07 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1848-10-16 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • 1848-11-01 First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
  • 1848-11-23 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849-01-23 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

  • 1850-03-11 Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • 1850-10-12 First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • 1863-03-19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1863-10-26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • 1864-03-01 Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
  • 1867-07-17 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
  • 1873-02-20 University of California gets its first Medical School (UC/SF)
  • 1876-11-07 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College
  • 1880-07-16 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • 1884-04-24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • 1892-01-29 The Coca-Cola Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1892-12-30 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-01-05 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1907-12-10 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals who have been vivisected.
  • 1916-12-14 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1920-08-20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920-12-10 August Krogh is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the regulation mechanisms of capillaries in skeletal muscle

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • 1924-10-24 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"
  • 1924-12-10 Willem Einthoven awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine for his invention of the electrocardiodogram
  • 1929-02-19 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-12-10 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine jointly awarded to Christiaan Eijkman and Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins for the discovery of vitamins

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1936-12-24 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California
  • 1937-02-24 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
  • 1937-07-05 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • 1938-04-12 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • 1939-05-14 Lina Medina becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-06-07 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1948-12-03 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn in
  • 1949-06-23 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • 1950-03-08 1st woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters)
  • 1954-06-13 Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine laid in Bronx
  • 1957-06-27 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
  • 1961-02-01 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-12-23 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-10-18 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson
  • 1974-06-01 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
  • 1978-06-28 Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected
  • 1979-10-11 Allan McLeod Cormack & Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan
  • 1979-10-22 Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in NYC for medical treatment

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980-06-12 Ronald Reagan said he would submit to periodic medical tests

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1981-06-18 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California
  • 1986-12-17 Mrs Davina Thompson makes medical history by having the 1st heart, lung & liver transplant at Papworth Hospital in Cambridge, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991-06-26 Ky medical examiner announces Zachary Taylor died of natural causes

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1994-08-14 Maggie Will wins Children's Medical Center LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1997-06-04 UN Security renews its "oilforfood" initiative whereby Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990
  • 1997-11-16 After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998-12-10 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine presented to Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings and James W. Black for development of new drugs

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1999-01-14 Mel Lastman, Mayor of Toronto, calls in the Army to help with snow removal and emergency medical evacuations after major snowstorm hits the city
  • 2005-06-06 The United States Supreme Court votes to ban medical marijuana in Gonzales v. Raich.
  • 2009-11-05 US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan (US Army Medical Corps) killed 13 and wounded 43 at Fort Hood, Texas in the largest mass shooting ever at a US military installation.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2011-11-18 Former Filipino President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is arrested and held at Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City under charges of electoral sabotage

14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011-12-11 Jeopardy! host Alex Trebek suffers a minor heart attack in his home and is admitted to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Host of Jeopardy! Alex Trebek
Host of Jeopardy!
Alex Trebek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012-10-08 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Physician
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 2013-10-07 James Rothman, Randy Schekman and  Thomas C. Südhof win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work on transport systems in cells
  • 2014-07-09 Spokesperson for Medical Aid for Palestinians claims that at least 7 children have been killed by Israeli air strikes
  • 2014-08-27 Medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls the international response to Ebola “irresponsible” and “slow and derisory”
  • 2014-10-06 John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser win the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 2015-06-22 JAMA Internal Medical Journal announces obese Americans now outnumber those just overweight
  • 2015-08-14 Most extensive face transplant surgery ever performed on Patrick Hardison by Dr. Eduardo Rodriguez at New York University Langone Medical Center
  • 2015-10-05 Nobel prize for Medicine awarded to William C. Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura (Roundworm) and Youyou Tu (Malaria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016-09-21 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan pledge $3 billion to medical research to "cure, prevent or manage all diseases by the end of the century"

Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook Founder
Mark Zuckerberg
  • 2016-10-03 Yoshinori Ohsumi from Japan wins Nobel Prize for Medicine for research into autophagy

Famous Birthdays

  • 1511-07-01 Hadrianus Junius, [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist
  • 1522-09-11 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1605)
  • 1668-12-31 Hermannus Boerhaave, Dutch medical/botanist
  • 1704-12-08 Anton de Haen, medical expert (Ratio Medendi)
  • 1715-11-13 Dorothea Erxleben, German, first female medical doctor (d. 1762)
  • 1754-03-04 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School (smallpox vaccine pioneer), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • 1758-09-26 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician, founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires.
  • 1812-05-06 Marin R Delany, Charlestown Va, Abolitionist and Physician (1st African American major in US Army)
  • 1815-01-21 Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
  • 1815-08-04 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821-02-03 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, born in Bristol, England (d. 1910)

  • 1827-04-08 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (d. 1898)
  • 1833-10-17 Paul Bert, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body, such as altitude sickness and 'the bends', made possible space and ocean exploration, born in Auxerre, Burgundy (d. 1886)
  • 1833-12-20 Samuel A Mudd, doctor, convicted of giving medical aid to JW Booth
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1843-07-07 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1844-10-03 Patrick Manson, "Father of tropical medicine"
  • 1845-06-18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1857-09-08 Ida Henrietta Hyde, Davenport Iowa, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode. She was the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society.

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858-08-11 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1929), born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1930)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1860-05-21 Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist (Invented the electrocardiodiogram, awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine 1924), Semarang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1927)
  • 1865-02-28 Wilfred Grenfell, England, medical missionary
  • 1869-06-27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • 1878-08-28 George Whipple, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934), born in Ashland, New Hampshire (d. 1976)
  • 1881-02-19 Evert Gorter, founder of Dutch medical child care
  • 1887-04-13 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891-11-14 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Alliston, Ontario (d. 1941)

  • 1895-10-30 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)
  • 1901-05-07 L T Coggeshall, medical scientist/ US Secretary of HEW (1956-58)
  • 1901-09-22 Charles Huggins, American-Canadian physician and cancer researcher (1966 Nobel Prize), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1997)
  • 1903-11-11 Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine
  • 1905-03-27 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, one of South Africa’s most distinguished nutritional scientists and medical educators
  • 1910-05-29 Agnes Beatrice Read, medical social worker
  • 1910-06-16 Lord Richardson, president (General Medical Council)
  • 1911-05-05 Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, specialist in tropical medicine
  • 1912-10-05 Fritz Fischer (medical doctor), Nazi war criminal
  • 1913-10-27 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)
  • 1913-11-27 Frances Swem Anderson, technologist (nuclear medicine)
  • 1914-02-22 Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914-10-28 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1915-04-02 Antony Dornhorst, professor of medicine
  • 1917-11-23 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer
  • 1918-10-23 James Daly, Wisc, actor (Medical Center)
  • 1919-12-02 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher
  • 1920-03-15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1920-03-28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator
  • 1921-06-19 Rosalyn Yalow, famed award winning medical physicist
  • 1921-07-19 Rosalyn Yalow, medical physicist
  • 1921-08-08 Vulimiri Ramalingaswami, Indian medical scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1923-09-09 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1923-11-05 Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro, medical journalist
  • 1924-07-26 John Kilgour, director of prison medical services (Home Office)
  • 1925-01-28 Henry Harris, British professor of medicine
  • 1925-09-24 Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1926-09-17 Donald Acheson, England's chief medical officer
  • 1928-01-31 Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)
  • 1928-05-20 Jack Kevorkian, controversial American medical doctor
  • 1929-06-03 Werner Arber, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1931-01-11 Ed Hall, Roxbury Mass, actor (Dr Bicker-Medical Center)
  • 1931-08-01 Monty Losowsky, prof of medicine (St James University England)
  • 1932-03-30 A J Zuckerman, Dean (Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine)
  • 1932-05-09 David Plastow, CEO (Medical Research Council)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933-10-02 John B. Gurdon, English developmental biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine), born in Dippenhall, Hampshire

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
  • 1934-03-11 George Stamatoyannopoulos, Greece, medical genetics researcher
  • 1936-02-22 J. Michael Bishop, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1936-04-18 Madeleine Gillian Jinkinson, medical administrator
  • 1936-09-14 Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1937-06-11 Chad Everett [Raymon Lee Cramton], South Bend, Indiana, American actor (Medical Center, Airplane II)
  • 1937-06-11 Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
  • 1938-07-28 George Cummings, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show)
  • 1939-09-06 Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • 1941-10-24 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer
  • 1942-03-27 John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1942-05-28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1942-08-08 Jay David, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show)
  • 1943-09-06 Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Derby, England
  • 1944-06-06 Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1945-07-06 Rik Elswit, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place)
  • 1947-06-08 Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1948-08-22 Rob Buckman, British broadcaster and actor (Pink Medicine Show), born in London
  • 1950-11-06 Ernest Thompson, actor (Sierra, Westside Medical), born in Bellows Fall, Vermont
  • 1951-09-30 Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1951-11-09 Hetty de Boer-Jongkind, founder (Vakvereniging Medical Astrology)
  • 1953-01-29 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1960-08-10 Todd David Hess, First USAF Member inducted into Army's Order of Military Medical Merit.

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962-09-04 Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine), born in Osaka, Japan

Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Physician
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 1963-04-20 Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist
  • 1964-07-20 Murray Craven, Medicine Hat, NHL left wing (Chicago Blackhawks)
  • 1970-04-11 Trevor Linden, Medicine Hat, NHL right wing (Canucks, NY Islanders)
  • 1971-12-18 Neil Little, Medicine Hat, NHL goalie (Philadelphia Flyers)
  • 1972-07-01 Corey Hirsch, Medicine Hat, NHL goalie (Vancouver Canucks)
  • 2003-07-04 Alessia di Matteo, Italian medical figure (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1845-01-02 Explorer and medical missionary David Livingstone (31) weds Mary Moffat

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

HeartWedding of Interest

1939-06-09 Medical researcher Jonas Salk (24) weds social worker Donna Lindsay

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1970-06-29 Medical researcher Jonas Salk (55) weds painter and author Françoise Gilot (48) in Paris

Famous Deaths

  • 1575-06-16 Hadrianus Junius, [Adriaen the Jonghe], medical/historian, dies at 63
  • 1605-05-04 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, dies at 82
  • 1677-07-09 Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer], German medical/mystic poet, dies
  • 1738-09-23 Hermannus Boerhaave, medical/botanist, dies at 69
  • 1776-05-13 Anton de Haen, medical Ratio medendi, dies at 71
  • 1799-12-06 Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71
  • 1804-05-24 Simon Style, Fries medical/writer, dies at 73
  • 1846-10-02 Benjamin Waterhouse, American physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School and smallpox vaccine pioneer, dies at 92
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1877-09-25 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • 1883-01-10 Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
  • 1883-05-17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies
  • 1886-11-11 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body made possible space and ocean exploration, dies of dysentery at 53
  • 1898-09-16 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (b. 1827)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-05-31 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, dies at 89

  • 1922-05-18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926-01-21 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), dies at 81

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1927-07-05 Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
  • 1927-09-29 Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist (Invented the electrocardiodiogram, awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine 1924), dies at 67

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930-11-05 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1929), dies at 72

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1932-09-16 Ronald Ross, British pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies at 75
  • 1934-10-17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
  • 1936-02-28 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)
  • 1940-10-09 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941-02-21 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies in a plane crash at 49

  • 1944-11-05 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1951-10-06 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1961-06-17 Jeff Chandler, [Ira Grossel], American actor (Broken Arrow), dies as a result of medical malpractice at 42
  • 1961-12-25 Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1964-04-24 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (b. 1895)
  • 1965-03-30 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1966-01-09 Albert Stevens, an American patient in secret medical trials who survived the highest known radiation dose in a human, dies of heart disease at 79

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968-02-21 Howard Florey, Australian pathologist and pharmacologist who purified penicillin (Nobel 1945), dies at 69

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • 1972-05-04 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1973-02-23 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
  • 1975-11-05 Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1909)
  • 1978-03-31 Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin), dies at 79
  • 1978-07-03 James Daly, actor (Medical Center), dies at 59
  • 1978-09-11 Janet Parker, medical photographer (b. c. 1938)
  • 1982-06-12 Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1983-07-03 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, 78
  • 1984-10-20 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
  • 1985-09-08 John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
  • 1987-10-02 Peter Brian Medawar, medical scientist, dies
  • 1987-11-11 L T Coggeshall, medical scientist (Sec of HEW 1956-58), dies at 86
  • 1993-10-25 Philip P. Cohen, American medical researcher, dies at 85
  • 1993-12-04 Hetty de Boer-Jongkind, Dutch medical astrologist, dies at 42
  • 1995-06-27 Madeleine Gillian Jinkinson, medical administrator, dies at 59
  • 1995-11-03 Gordon S. Fahrni, physician and president of the Canadian Medical Association (b. 1887)
  • 1996-03-12 Charles Bruce Perry, professor of medicine, dies at 92
  • 1996-08-15 Agnes Beatrice Read, medical social worker, dies at 86
  • 1996-11-25 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer, dies at 79
  • 1996-12-12 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher, dies at 77
  • 1996-12-31 Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, tropical mediciner, dies at 85
  • 1997-01-12 Charles Huggins, American-Canadian physician and cancer researcher (1966 Nobel Prize), dies at 95
  • 1997-01-22 Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro, medical journalist, dies at 73
  • 1997-05-22 Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1999-02-21 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), dies at 81

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1999-11-16 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1928)
  • 2000-10-15 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001-06-05 Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
  • 2002-01-11 Struan Sutherland, Australian medical researcher (b. 1936)
  • 2002-03-24 César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)
  • 2003-04-20 Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
  • 2004-07-21 Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2004-10-05 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine nominee (b. 1941)
  • 2004-12-21 Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (b. 1925)
  • 2004-12-29 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2007-01-01 Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2007-12-20 Nataline Sarkisyan, American medical patient (b. 1990)
  • 2008-05-29 Dianne Odell, American medical figure (b. 1947)
  • 2008-05-30 Lorenzo Odone, American medical figure (b. 1978)
  • 2009-02-11 Willem J Kolff, Dutch-American Physician and Biomedical Engineer (artificial kidney, hemodialysis), dies at 97
  • 2010-03-22 James W. Black, Scottish Nobel Prize-winning doctor and medical research scientist (b. 1924)
  • 2016-04-03 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, dies at 102