Physician in History

Historical Events

  • 1550-04-02 Jewish physician Joseph Hacohen expelled from city of Genoa, all Jews soon after
  • 1570-01-04 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
  • 1667-06-25 French physician Jean-Baptiste Denys performs the 1st human blood transfusion
  • 1809-12-25 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • 1847-11-12 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849-01-23 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-09-22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1878-09-25 British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • 1882-01-17 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
  • 1884-04-24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • 1892-12-30 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal
  • 1910-06-13 William D Crum, a South Carolina physician, appointed US minister to Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-03-23 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, the first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • 1941-12-30 Nazis require Dutch physicians to join Nazi organization
  • 1943-03-17 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, the Netherlands
  • 1943-03-25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration
  • 1943-06-25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-14 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge. Stevens lives another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Physician
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • 1945-09-11 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • 1951-01-03 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • 1953-01-12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • 1961-01-26 1st woman "personal physician to president"-JG Travell
  • 1985-10-12 Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
  • 1987-04-07 National Museum of Female Physicians opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1989-04-23 CBS' premiere of fact based "The Littlest Victims", based on Newark, N.J. physician James Oleske as the first doctor to discover AIDS in children

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1989-09-19 "Doogie Howser, M.D.", starring Neil Patrick Harris as a teenage physician, debuts on ABC


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 287

  • 0130-09-22 Claudius Galenus, Italian physician/scholar
  • 0865-08-28 Rhazes, [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi], Persian physician
  • 1440-02-13 Hartmann Schedel, German physician/humanist/historian
  • 1463-10-29 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher
  • 1484-12-28 Joachim Vadianus, [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1493-11-11 Paracelsus, Swiss physician and alchemist (Zinc, laudanum), born in Einsiedeln, Switzerland (d. 1541)

Physician/Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician/Alchemist
Paracelsus
  • 1500-04-23 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, born in Edinburgh (d. 1565)
  • 1510-10-06 John Caius, English physician (d. 1573)
  • 1511-07-01 Hadrianus Junius, [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist
  • 1511-09-29 Michael Servetus, Spain, physician (Christianism Rostituta)
  • 1517-06-29 Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist
  • 1525-12-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1530-09-30 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1534-11-05 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist/physician (horticulture catalog)
  • 1537-05-20 Hieronymus Fabricius Ab, Aquapend Italy, physician (De Formato Foetu)
  • 1541-04-08 Michele Mercati, Italian physician (d. 1593)
  • 1553-11-23 Prospero Alpini, Italy, botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1561-03-29 Santorio Sanctorius, Trieste Italy, physician/burned at stake/heretic
  • 1567-02-12 Thomas Campion, England, composer/poet/physician
  • 1569-11-11 Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist (d. 1611)
  • 1574-09-16 Samuel Coster, Dutch physician/playwright (Polyxena)
  • 1578-04-01 William Harvey, England, physician (discovered blood circulation)
  • 1579-07-13 Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
  • 1585-02-12 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, born in Malmö, Denmark (modern Sweden) (d. 1629)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1588-05-13 Ole Worm, Danish physician (d. 1654)
  • 1591-06-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655)
  • 1594-11-17 Johan van Beverwijck, Dutch physician/writer (Treasure of Health)
  • 1613-09-25 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician (east facade of the Louvre), born in Paris, France
  • 1616-10-20 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1621-01-27 Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
  • 1624-09-10 Thomas Sydenham, English physician (d. 1689)
  • 1625-08-13 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)
  • 1628-03-10 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)
  • 1633-11-03 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
  • 1641-04-15 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1641-07-30 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)
  • 1650-11-28 John Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps) [or Nov 25]
  • 1651-01-20 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698)
  • 1651-09-16 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (d. 1716)
  • 1652-12-09 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)
  • 1652-12-25 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1653-01-07 Bernhard Albinus, Germany, court-physician (Frederick of Prussia)
  • 1654-01-20 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
  • 1654-01-22 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1654-08-10 Bernard Nieuwentyt, Dutch physician/theologist
  • 1660-02-19 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1660-04-16 Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)
  • 1664-01-04 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (d. 1742)
  • 1665-02-12 Rudolph J Camerarius, German botanist/physician (sexuality plant)
  • 1673-08-11 Richard Mead, physician, born in London, England
  • 1684-03-19 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1686-02-10 Johann F Gronovius, Dutch physician/botany
  • 1692-03-14 Peter Musschenbroek, Dutch physician/physicist (Leyden jar)
  • 1694-06-04 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV
  • 1695-11-10 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (d. 1771)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1707-04-26 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician
  • 1710-04-15 William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1710-07-21 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, born in Jever, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1712-03-08 John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)
  • 1712-10-12 William Shippen, American physician and statesman (d. 1801)
  • 1714-01-06 Percivall Pott, English physician (d. 1788)
  • 1715-04-03 William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
  • 1715-09-22 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • 1716-12-25 Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)
  • 1721-02-24 John McKinly, Ulster Ireland, American physician
  • 1721-11-09 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (d. 1770)
  • 1722-08-11 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1722-11-19 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
  • 1724-04-12 Lyman Hall, US physician (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1724-12-13 Aepinus, [Franz UT Hoch], German physician/physicist
  • 1724-12-24 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (d. 1811)
  • 1729-11-21 Josiah Bartlett, US physician/judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1730-11-16 Gualtherius "Wouter" van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician
  • 1730-12-08 John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English personal physician of Maria Theresia
  • 1730-12-25 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)
  • 1731-02-25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • 1731-12-12 Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)
  • 1734-05-23 Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austria, physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)
  • 1735-06-10 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army
  • 1738-05-09 John Pindar, [Peter], physician/poet
  • 1738-05-28 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, born in Saintes, France (d.1814)
  • 1744-02-05 John Jeffries, colonial physician and meteorologist
  • 1745-04-20 Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry
  • 1745-12-24 Benjamin Rush, Byberry Pa, physician/general/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1746-04-23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
  • 1749-05-17 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, born in Berkeley (d. 1823)
  • 1749-11-03 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1754-03-04 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School (smallpox vaccine pioneer), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • 1755-04-10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy
  • 1755-04-11 James Parkinson, English physician geologist, paleontologist, and political activist (d. 1824)
  • 1758-03-09 Franz Joseph Gall, German/French physician (frenology)
  • 1758-09-26 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician, founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires.
  • 1761-10-27 Matthew Baillie, Shotts Manse Lanarkshire, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1773-06-13 Thomas Young, British philologist/physician (light interference)
  • 1780-10-10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • 1781-02-17 René Laënnec, French physician (invented the stethoscope), born in Quimper, France (d. 1826)
  • 1785-04-09 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch physician/chemist (electric car 1835)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1901-05-25 Russian physician, dramatist and author Anton Chekhov marries actress Olga Knipper

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov

HeartWedding of Interest

1924-06-04 Physician Frederick Banting (32) weds Marion Robertson

  • 2000-11-24 Actor, screenwriter and director Jon Favreau (34) weds physician Joya Tillem (30) in Sonoma, California
  • 2013-06-28 Writer Josh Kilmer-Purcell (43) weds physician Brent Ridge in Sharon Springs, New York

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 262

  • 1198-12-10 Averroes, Arab physician and philosopher (b. 1126)
  • 1482-05-15 Paolo Toscanelli, Italian physician & mapmaker, dies
  • 1512-08-02 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher, dies at 48
  • 1514-11-28 Hartmann Skull, German physician/historian (Skull's Liederbuch), dies
  • 1524-12-20 Thomas Linacre, English scholar and physician
  • 1529-04-19 John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55
  • 1535-02-18 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian dies at 48
  • 1539-07-05 Antonio M Zaccaria, Italian physician/saint, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1541-09-24 Philippus A Paracelsus, Swiss physician/alchemist, dies at 47

Physician/Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician/Alchemist
Paracelsus
  • 1551-04-06 Joachim Vadianus, Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen, dies at 66
  • 1553-08-08 Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • 1553-10-27 Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
  • 1558-03-13 Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies
  • 1558-04-26 Jean Francois Fernel, French physician, dies
  • 1558-10-21 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian physician (Poetice), dies at 74
  • 1564-10-18 Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1565-03-17 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, dies at 64
  • 1566-05-04 Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)
  • 1585-03-10 Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist, dies at 67
  • 1588-02-24 Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist
  • 1588-03-17 Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies
  • 1590-12-20 Ambroise Paré, French physician (b. 1510)
  • 1593-06-25 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (b. 1541)
  • 1596-09-15 Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • 1597-03-10 Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies
  • 1600-09-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1603-02-23 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
  • 1603-12-10 William Gilbert, Queen Elizabeth's physician, dies at 59
  • 1606-11-13 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)
  • 1617-02-06 Prosper Alpinus/Prospero Alpini, Italian physician/botanist, dies at 63
  • 1619-03-01 Thomas Campion, English physician/composer/poet (Poemata), dies at 53
  • 1629-07-13 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, dies at 44
  • 1647-01-19 Johan van Beverwijck, physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • 1654-01-10 Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
  • 1654-08-31 Ole Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588)
  • 1655-10-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (b. 1591)
  • 1657-06-03 William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
  • 1673-08-17 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist, dies of possible suicide at 32 (b. 1641)
  • 1675-11-11 Thomas Willis, English Physician (epidemiology, anatomy of the brain and nervous system), dies at 54
  • 1680-12-04 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1682-03-14 Jacob I van Ruysdael, physician/landscape painter, dies at about 53
  • 1688-10-09 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician, dies at 75
  • 1689-12-29 Thomas Sydenham, English physician (b. 1624)
  • 1697-03-01 Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • 1698-11-04 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and mathematician (b. 1625)
  • 1700-12-01 Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
  • 1704-10-03 Jean-Baptiste Denys, French physician who performed the 1st human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion, dies at about 61
  • 1707-05-03 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherlands physician/poet, dies at 53
  • 1708-08-01 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
  • 1712-02-02 Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
  • 1713-10-20 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
  • 1714-11-05 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)
  • 1716-11-02 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)
  • 1718-05-30 Bernard Nieuwentyt, physician/theologist, dies at 63
  • 1721-09-11 Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
  • 1728-04-25 John Woodward, geologist/physician, dies
  • 1728-07-26 John Friend, physician/politician, dies
  • 1729-10-09 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1730-04-21 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79
  • 1734-02-01 John Floyer, English physician and writer (b. 1649)
  • 1734-05-24 Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1735-02-27 John Arbuthnot, physician/mathematician, dies
  • 1742-04-02 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1742-05-21 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • 1742-11-12 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1753-01-11 Hans Sloane, English physician (British Museum), dies at 92
  • 1754-02-16 Richard Mead, physician, dies
  • 1761-09-19 Peter Musschenbroek, physician/physicist (Leidse Bottle), dies at 69
  • 1762-07-10 Johann F Gronovius, physician/botany, dies at 76
  • 1766-05-05 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1770-06-23 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (b. 1721)
  • 1771-11-06 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • 1772-04-28 Johann Friedrich Struensee, physician of Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1737)
  • 1774-08-14 Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • 1774-12-16 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (b. 1704)
  • 1777-12-12 Albrecht von Haller, Swiss physician/biologist/author, dies at 69
  • 1779-01-20 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, dies at 71
  • 1779-12-08 Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • 1780-12-26 John Fothergill, English physician (b. 1712)
  • 1786-01-07 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1787-05-10 William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1788-05-08 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1788-12-22 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1790-02-05 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
  • 1790-10-19 Lyman Hall, US physician/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1792-10-28 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, died at 82
  • 1793-03-26 John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)
  • 1795-05-19 Josiah Bartlett, US physician/judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1796-08-31 John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware, dies at 75
  • 1797-12-11 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1799-09-07 John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English physician/nature investigator, dies at 68
  • 1801-05-17 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • 1801-11-04 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)
  • 1802-08-10 Aepinus, [Franz UT Hoch], German physician/physicist, dies at 77
  • 1803-06-24 Matthew Thornton, Irish/US physician/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 88
  • 1807-04-18 Erasmus Darwin, physician writer and botanist (Influence), dies (b. 1731)
  • 1809-05-17 Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg, physician, dies
  • 1811-10-11 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)