Surgeon in History

Historical Events

  • 1798-03-09 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 1813-03-03 Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1840-08-18 American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1841-12-31 Alabama becomes 1st state to license dental surgeons
  • 1842-01-13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1864-04-09 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War.
  • 1865-11-11 Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • 1902-02-21 Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, performs his 1st brain operation
  • 1912-11-25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • 1939-07-19 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
  • 1957-07-12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1964-01-11 1st government report warning by US Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous
  • 1988-05-16 US Surgeon Gen C Everett Koop reports nicotine as addictive as heroin
  • 1990-03-09 Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st Hispanic and female US Surgeon General
  • 1994-12-09 US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders resigns after comments about masturbation
  • 1997-12-31 South African & US surgeons separate Zambian Siamese twins joined at the head

Famous Birthdays

  • 1560-06-25 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
  • 1688-10-19 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1692-11-07 Johannes G Schnabel, German author/surgeon (Insel Felsenburg)
  • 1697-02-24 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
  • 1712-03-27 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)
  • 1728-02-13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
  • 1744-02-06 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
  • 1757-11-15 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon (d. 1830)
  • 1764-04-03 John Abernethy, surgeon, born in London, England
  • 1766-07-08 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1771-11-11 Ephraim McDowell, surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1785-11-21 William Beaumont, American surgeon and father of gastric physiology, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1853)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1791-03-09 George Hayward, US, surgeon, 1st to use ether
  • 1791-06-30 Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist (law of Biot & Savart)
  • 1795-07-25 James Barry, female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army)
  • 1806-05-06 Chapin Aaron Harris, US, found America Society of Dental Surgeons
  • 1810-11-09 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)
  • 1813-01-15 James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1814-01-11 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 1815-11-01 Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
  • 1818-01-14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
  • 1818-09-16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • 1824-06-28 Paul Broca, France, brain surgeon/anthro (located speech center)
  • 1828-07-23 Jonathan Hutchinson, surgeon/scientist
  • 1829-04-15 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon
  • 1837-01-19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • 1841-08-25 Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1851-04-13 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • 1851-09-13 Walter Reed, US Army Surgeon, proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever
  • 1852-02-26 John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1854-10-03 William Crawford Gorgas, US, Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858-01-18 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1861-06-29 William James Mayo, surgeon/co-founder Mayo clinic in Minnesota
  • 1864-11-11 George Washington Crile, Chili Ohio, American Surgeon who conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock
  • 1865-07-19 Charles Horace Mayo, surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic)
  • 1869-04-08 Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • 1872-11-03 Wilfred Trotter, Coleford Gloucestershire, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck
  • 1873-06-28 Alexis Carrel, France, surgeon/sociologist/biologist (Nobel 1912)
  • 1875-07-03 Ernst F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon
  • 1891-01-26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • 1892-01-18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)
  • 1898-08-24 Marie J Hugenholtz, [Doctor Grandi], surgeon on Curacao
  • 1901-09-22 Charles Huggins, surgeon/medical researcher
  • 1908-07-16 Maurice Adams, surgeon/British rear admiral
  • 1910-01-07 Jack Lovelock, NZ/US surgeon/runner (Olympic-gold-1936)
  • 1910-09-17 Vernon Thompson, thoracic surgeon
  • 1910-12-03 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon
  • 1911-04-03 Michael Woodruff, FRS, surgeon
  • 1913-12-19 William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
  • 1914-05-10 Lord Smith, British surgeon
  • 1915-07-01 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1916-08-02 Reginald Murley, surgeon
  • 1916-08-14 Andrew Kay, surgeon/professor of surgery (U of Glasgow)
  • 1916-10-05 Douglas Ranger, surgeon
  • 1916-10-14 C Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1919-04-01 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1920-02-14 Arnold Elton, consultant surgeon
  • 1920-08-22 Denton Cooley, heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920-09-23 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon
  • 1921-03-23 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • 1921-05-20 John Harrison, British vice admiral/surgeon
  • 1922-08-20 Akutsu Tetsuzo, Japan, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart
  • 1922-11-08 Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant)
  • 1923-02-09 Norman E Shumway, Mich, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon
  • 1923-05-24 Paul Bramley, oral surgeon
  • 1925-08-18 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (d. 2006)
  • 1928-02-20 Donald Longmore, British cardiac surgeon
  • 1928-04-07 James White, UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)
  • 1928-06-07 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), born in Maple Lake, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1929-01-30 Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon and international aid worker (d. 1996)
  • 1932-12-10 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Calcutta, India, Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K
  • 1933-08-13 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • 1941-03-02 David Satcher, Amdniral and 16th United States Surgeon General (1998-2001), born in Anniston, Alabama
  • 1943-12-19 William De Vries, Bkln, surgeon-inventor (Symbion artifical heart)
  • 1944-08-23 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92) 1dt woman and Hispanic holder, born in Farjardo, Puerto Rico
  • 1946-02-16 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
  • 1946-05-14 Robert Jarvik, surgeon/inventor (Jarvik 7 artificial heart)
  • 1949-11-22 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in New York City
  • 1950-11-07 Alexa Canady, Lansing Michigan, 1st African American female neurosurgeon and educator
  • 1951-09-18 [Benjamin] Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon and political candidate (R), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1957-06-26 Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
  • 1960-06-11 Mehmet Oz, surgeon and TV personality (The Dr. Oz Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1961-10-01 Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1941-11-05 Writer and veterinary surgeon James Herriot (25) weds Joan Catherine Danbury

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot
  • 1943-10-20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London
  • 1985-06-22 "Dallas" actress Victoria Principal (35) weds plastic surgeon Harry Glassman (43) in Dallas
  • 1997-10-11 "Charlie's Angels" actress Jaclyn Smith (52) weds Chicago heart surgeon Bradley Allen (43) at United Westwood Methodist Church
  • 2001-09-01 "The Accidental Tourist" actress Geena Davis (45) weds Iranian American plastic surgeon Dr. Reza Jarrahy
  • 2002-11-09 Eighties pop princess Sheena Easton (43) weds Beverly Hills plastic surgeon John Minoli (44) at Las Vegas City Hall
  • 2005-04-19 "Extra" co-host Dayna Devon (35) weds plastic surgeon Dr. Brent Moelleken at the Hans Fahden Winery in Calistoga, California
  • 2014-09-14 Actress Elisabetta Canalis (36) weds orthopedic surgeon Brian Perri in Sardinia, Italy

Famous Divorces

  • 2006-05-06 "Dallas" actress Victoria Principal (56) divorces plastic surgeon Harry Glassman (63) due to irreconcilable differences after nearly 21 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • 1599-11-07 Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1770-09-09 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist, dies at 73
  • 1772-05-11 Joseph Kerckhoff, Limburg surgeon/robber captain, hanged
  • 1779-01-03 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • 1788-12-22 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1830-12-09 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)
  • 1831-04-20 John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1840-07-04 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

  • 1841-03-16 Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49
  • 1842-07-25 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • 1860-03-25 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1862-12-20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1887-09-29 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • 1899-12-30 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85
  • 1908-02-23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1910-06-01 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, dies at 91
  • 1912-02-10 Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic), dies
  • 1917-07-27 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1919-02-21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1920-03-26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • 1928-03-07 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931-08-04 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1939-05-26 Charles H Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74
  • 1939-07-28 William J Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder Mayo Clinic, dies at 78
  • 1939-11-25 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, dies at 67
  • 1943-01-07 George Washington Crile, American Surgeon (blood transfusion, surgical shock), dies at 78
  • 1944-11-05 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1945-05-02 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • 1949-12-28 Jack Lovelock, NZ/US surgeon/athlete (Olympic-gold-1936), dies at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950-04-01 Charles R. Drew, surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1951-07-02 Earnest F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon, dies at 75
  • 1955-12-13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1957-02-05 Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
  • 1960-04-14 Archibald McIndoe, plastic surgeon, dies
  • 1968-05-23 James Burke, American actor (Ellery Queen, Army Surgeon), dies at 81
  • 1968-07-28 Charles W Mayo, US surgeon, dies at 70
  • 1976-04-05 Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1976-05-01 T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  • 1985-03-29 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States, dies at 73
  • 1994-07-16 M Vink, surgeon (1st Dutch kidney transplant), dies at 78
  • 1995-01-03 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon, dies at 74
  • 1996-06-01 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon, dies at 85
  • 1997-01-12 Charles Huggins, surgeon/medical researcher, dies at 95
  • 1997-11-04 H Richard Hornberger, surgeon (inspired M*A*S*H), dies at 73
  • 1997-12-22 Douglas Ranger, surgeon, dies at 81
  • 2001-09-02 Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (b. 1922)
  • 2003-10-24 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K., dies from cancer of the stomach at 70
  • 2004-12-26 Jonathan Drummond-Webb, South African pediatric heart surgeon (b. 1959)
  • 2005-03-27 Wilfred Bigelow, Canadian heart surgeon (b. 1913)
  • 2006-01-17 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (b. 1925)
  • 2006-03-08 Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2007-08-09 Akutsu Tetsuzo, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, dies at 84
  • 2008-01-14 Judah Folkman, Surgeon that developed Angiogenesis (b. 1933)
  • 2008-07-11 Michael DeBakey, American surgeon and inventor (b. 1908)
  • 2010-09-27 Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean politician and neurosurgeon (b. 1955)
  • 2012-11-26 Joseph Murray, English plastic surgeon, dies from a hemorrhagic stroke at 93
  • 2013-02-25 Charles Koop, American pediatric surgeon and health administrator, dies at 96
  • 2015-07-28 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), dies at 87