Surgeon in History

Historical Events

  • 1798-03-09 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 1813-03-03 Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1840-08-18 American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1841-12-31 Alabama becomes 1st state to license dental surgeons
  • 1842-01-13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1864-04-09 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War
  • 1865-11-11 Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • 1902-02-21 Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, performs his 1st brain operation
  • 1912-11-25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • 1939-07-19 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
  • 1957-07-12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1964-01-11 1st government report warning by US Surgeon General Luther Terry that smoking may be hazardous
  • 1969-04-04 Haskell Karp receives the 1st temporary artificial heart, implanted by surgeon Denton Cooley at Texas Heart Institute in Houston
  • 1988-05-16 US Surgeon Gen C Everett Koop reports nicotine as addictive as heroin
  • 1990-03-09 Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st Hispanic and female US Surgeon General
  • 1994-12-09 US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders resigns after comments about masturbation
  • 1997-12-31 South African & US surgeons separate Zambian Siamese twins joined at the head

Famous Birthdays

  • 1560-06-25 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
  • 1688-10-19 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1692-11-07 Johannes G Schnabel, German author/surgeon (Insel Felsenburg)
  • 1697-02-24 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
  • 1712-03-27 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)
  • 1728-02-13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
  • 1744-02-06 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
  • 1757-11-15 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon (d. 1830)
  • 1764-04-03 John Abernethy, surgeon, born in London, England
  • 1766-07-08 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1771-11-11 Ephraim McDowell, surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1785-11-21 William Beaumont, American surgeon and father of gastric physiology, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1853)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1791-03-09 George Hayward, US, surgeon, 1st to use ether
  • 1791-06-30 Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist (law of Biot & Savart)
  • 1795-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1806-05-06 Chapin Aaron Harris, US, found America Society of Dental Surgeons
  • 1810-11-09 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)
  • 1813-01-15 James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1814-01-11 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 1815-11-01 Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
  • 1818-01-14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
  • 1818-09-16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • 1824-06-28 Paul Broca, France, brain surgeon/anthro (located speech center)
  • 1828-07-23 Jonathan Hutchinson, surgeon/scientist
  • 1829-04-15 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon
  • 1837-01-19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • 1841-08-25 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • 1851-04-13 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • 1851-09-13 Walter Reed, US Army Surgeon, proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever
  • 1852-02-26 John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1854-10-03 William Crawford Gorgas, US, Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858-01-18 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1861-06-29 William James Mayo, surgeon/co-founder Mayo clinic in Minnesota
  • 1864-11-11 George Washington Crile, Chili Ohio, American Surgeon who conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock
  • 1865-07-19 Charles Horace Mayo, surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic)
  • 1869-04-08 Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • 1872-11-03 Wilfred Trotter, Coleford Gloucestershire, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck
  • 1873-06-28 Alexis Carrel, France, surgeon/sociologist/biologist (Nobel 1912)
  • 1875-07-03 Ernst F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon
  • 1891-01-26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • 1892-01-18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)
  • 1898-08-24 Marie J Hugenholtz, [Doctor Grandi], surgeon on Curacao
  • 1901-09-22 Charles Huggins, surgeon/medical researcher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904-06-03 Charles R. Drew, American physician, surgeon, and pioneer of blood plasma research, born in Washington, D. C. (d. 1950)

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1904-06-03 Charles R. Drew, American surgeon (developed the blood bank concept), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1908-07-16 Maurice Adams, surgeon/British rear admiral
  • 1910-01-07 Jack Lovelock, NZ/US surgeon/runner (Olympic-gold-1936)
  • 1910-09-17 Vernon Thompson, thoracic surgeon
  • 1910-12-03 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon
  • 1911-04-03 Michael Woodruff, FRS, surgeon
  • 1911-09-15 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (1961-65) warned against smoking, born in Red Level, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • 1913-12-19 William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
  • 1914-05-10 Lord Smith, British surgeon
  • 1915-07-01 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1916-08-02 Reginald Murley, surgeon
  • 1916-08-14 Andrew Kay, surgeon/professor of surgery (U of Glasgow)
  • 1916-09-16 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1916-10-05 Douglas Ranger, surgeon
  • 1916-10-14 C Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1919-04-01 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1920-02-03 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • 1920-02-14 Arnold Elton, consultant surgeon
  • 1920-08-22 Denton Cooley, heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920-09-23 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon
  • 1921-03-23 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • 1921-05-19 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • 1921-05-20 John Harrison, British vice admiral/surgeon
  • 1922-08-20 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, born in Japan (d. 2007)
  • 1922-11-08 Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant)
  • 1923-02-09 Norman E Shumway, Mich, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon
  • 1923-05-24 Paul Bramley, oral surgeon
  • 1925-08-18 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (d. 2006)
  • 1926-03-11 Thomas Starzl, American surgeon, performed 1st successful liver transplant, born in Le Mars, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • 1927-01-06 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1928-02-20 Donald Longmore, British cardiac surgeon
  • 1928-04-07 James White, UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)
  • 1928-06-07 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), born in Maple Lake, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1929-01-30 Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon and international aid worker (d. 1996)
  • 1932-12-10 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Calcutta, India, Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K
  • 1933-08-13 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • 1941-03-02 David Satcher, Amdniral and 16th United States Surgeon General (1998-2001), born in Anniston, Alabama
  • 1943-12-19 William De Vries, surgeon-inventor (Symbion artifical heart), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1944-08-23 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92) 1dt woman and Hispanic holder, born in Farjardo, Puerto Rico
  • 1946-02-16 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
  • 1946-05-11 Robert Jarvik, American scientist and researcher (developed the Jarvik-7 artificial heart), born in Midland, Michigan
  • 1949-11-22 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in New York City
  • 1950-11-07 Alexa Canady, Lansing Michigan, 1st African American female neurosurgeon and educator
  • 1951-09-18 Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon, Republican politician and US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1956-10-26 Regina Benjamin, 18th US Surgeon General (2009-13), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1957-06-26 Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
  • 1960-06-11 Mehmet Oz, surgeon and TV personality (The Dr. Oz Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1961-10-01 Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality
  • 1977-07-10 Vivek Murthy, Vice-Admiral and 19th US Surgeon General (2014-17), born in Hudderfield, UK

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1941-11-05 Writer and veterinary surgeon James Herriot (25) weds Joan Catherine Danbury

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot
  • 1943-10-20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London
  • 1985-06-22 "Dallas" actress Victoria Principal (35) weds plastic surgeon Harry Glassman (43) in Dallas
  • 1997-10-11 "Charlie's Angels" actress Jaclyn Smith (52) weds Chicago heart surgeon Bradley Allen (43) at United Westwood Methodist Church
  • 2001-09-01 "The Accidental Tourist" actress Geena Davis (45) weds Iranian American plastic surgeon Dr. Reza Jarrahy
  • 2002-11-09 Eighties pop princess Sheena Easton (43) weds Beverly Hills plastic surgeon John Minoli (44) at Las Vegas City Hall

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2003-05-04 One of the best cricketer Rahul Dravid (30) weds surgeon Vijeta Pendharkar in Bangladore, India

Cricketer Rahul Dravid
Cricketer
Rahul Dravid
  • 2005-04-19 "Extra" co-host Dayna Devon (35) weds plastic surgeon Dr. Brent Moelleken at the Hans Fahden Winery in Calistoga, California
  • 2014-09-14 Actress Elisabetta Canalis (36) weds orthopedic surgeon Brian Perri in Sardinia, Italy

Famous Divorces

  • 2006-05-06 "Dallas" actress Victoria Principal (56) divorces plastic surgeon Harry Glassman (63) due to irreconcilable differences after nearly 21 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • 1599-11-07 Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1770-09-09 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist, dies at 73
  • 1772-05-11 Joseph Kerckhoff, Limburg surgeon/robber captain, hanged
  • 1779-01-03 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • 1788-12-22 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1830-12-09 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)
  • 1831-04-20 John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1840-07-04 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

  • 1841-03-16 Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49
  • 1842-07-25 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • 1860-03-25 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1862-12-20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1887-09-29 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • 1899-12-30 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85
  • 1908-02-23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1910-06-01 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, dies at 91
  • 1912-02-10 Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic), dies
  • 1917-07-27 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), dies at 75
  • 1919-02-21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1920-03-26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • 1928-03-07 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931-08-04 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1939-05-26 Charles H Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74
  • 1939-07-28 William J Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder Mayo Clinic, dies at 78
  • 1939-11-25 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, dies at 67
  • 1943-01-07 George Washington Crile, American Surgeon (blood transfusion, surgical shock), dies at 78
  • 1944-11-05 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1945-05-02 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • 1949-12-28 Jack Lovelock, NZ/US surgeon/athlete (Olympic-gold-1936), dies at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950-04-01 Charles R. Drew, American surgeon (developer of the blood bank concept), dies in a car crash at 45

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1951-07-02 Earnest F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon, dies at 75
  • 1955-12-13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1957-02-05 Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
  • 1960-04-14 Archibald McIndoe, plastic surgeon, dies
  • 1968-05-23 James Burke, American actor (Ellery Queen, Army Surgeon), dies at 81
  • 1968-07-28 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), dies in a car accident at 70
  • 1976-04-05 Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1976-05-01 T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  • 1985-03-29 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States, dies at 73
  • 1994-07-16 M Vink, surgeon (1st Dutch kidney transplant), dies at 78
  • 1995-01-03 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon, dies at 74
  • 1996-06-01 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon, dies at 85
  • 1997-01-12 Charles Huggins, surgeon/medical researcher, dies at 95
  • 1997-11-04 H Richard Hornberger, surgeon (inspired M*A*S*H), dies at 73
  • 1997-12-22 Douglas Ranger, surgeon, dies at 81
  • 2001-09-02 Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (b. 1922)
  • 2003-10-24 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K., dies from cancer of the stomach at 70
  • 2004-12-26 Jonathan Drummond-Webb, South African pediatric heart surgeon (b. 1959)
  • 2005-03-27 Wilfred Bigelow, Canadian heart surgeon (b. 1913)
  • 2006-01-17 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (b. 1925)
  • 2006-03-08 Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2007-08-09 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, dies at 84
  • 2008-01-14 Judah Folkman, Surgeon that developed Angiogenesis (b. 1933)
  • 2008-04-23 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), dies at 86
  • 2008-07-11 Michael DeBakey, American surgeon and inventor (b. 1908)
  • 2008-07-27 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, dies at 91
  • 2010-09-27 Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean politician and neurosurgeon (b. 1955)
  • 2012-11-26 Joseph Murray, English plastic surgeon, dies from a hemorrhagic stroke at 93
  • 2013-02-25 Charles Koop, American pediatric surgeon and health administrator, dies at 96
  • 2013-02-25 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), dies at 96
  • 2014-08-05 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), dies at 87
  • 2015-07-28 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), dies at 87
  • 2016-11-18 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), dies at 96
  • 2016-12-17 Henry Heimlich, American surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, dies at 96
  • 2017-03-04 Thomas Starzl, American surgeon, performed 1st successful liver transplant, dies at 90