Polio in History

Historical Events

  • 1894-06-17 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921-08-10 FDR stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian island of Campobello

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938-01-03 March of Dimes established to fight polio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-03-26 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1954-02-23 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
  • 1954-04-26 Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins
  • 1955-04-12 Polio vaccine tested by Dr Jonas Salk announced to be 'safe and effective'
  • 1955-11-02 Clarton-Schwerdt & Schaffer discover polio virus
  • 1956-10-06 Dr Albert Sabin discovers oral polio vaccine
  • 1966-12-06 Polio vaccination becomes obligatory in Belgium
  • 2012-02-25 World Health Organization removes India from the list of polio endemic countries
  • 2012-12-18 6 health workers dispensing polio vaccinations are gunned down in Pakistan

Famous Birthdays

  • 1897-02-10 John Franklin Enders, Conn, microbiologist (polio-Nobel 1954)
  • 1906-08-26 Albert B Sabin, Russia, US microbiologist (oral polio vaccine)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914-10-28 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1920-10-24 Julius Youngner, American scientist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1945-08-31 Itzhak Perlman, Tel Aviv Israel, violinist/polio victim (14 Grammys)

Famous Deaths

  • 1993-03-03 Albert Sabin, physician (oral polio vaccine), dies at 86

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995-06-23 Jonas Salk, American biologist who created the Polio vaccine, dies of heart failure at 80

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 2017-04-27 Julius Youngner, American virologist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, dies at 96