Anthropologist in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924-10-28 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927-12-02 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1928-02-03 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948-10-06 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1959-07-17 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-12-02 Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey discovers 1.4 million year old Homo erectus (Olduvai Hominid 9) in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1987-09-07 South Africa frees Dutch anthropologist/Anc'er Klaas de Young

Famous Birthdays

  • 1752-05-11 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
  • 1821-08-29 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, Meylan, French Anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821-10-13 Rudolf Virchow, German politician, anthropologist and pathologist (cell pathology), born in Schivelbein, Prussia (d. 1902)

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1822-02-16 Francis Galton, anthropologist & geneticist, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1832-10-02 Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist
  • 1842-12-07 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • 1844-03-31 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), born in Selkirk, Scottish Borders, Scotland (d. 1912)
  • 1850-07-12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • 1850-12-30 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1913)
  • 1853-04-22 Alphonse Bertillon, France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system
  • 1854-01-01 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1858-07-09 Franz Boas, anthropologist/linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
  • 1858-07-20 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (d. 1925)
  • 1866-02-05 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • 1868-02-16 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1869-03-29 Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
  • 1870-09-18 Clark Wissler, anthropologist (American Indian)
  • 1876-06-11 Alfred L Kroeber, Hoboken NJ, author (Anthropologist looks at History)
  • 1877-09-16 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • 1881-01-17 Alfred Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1955)
  • 1881-11-08 Frank Speck, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans), born in Brooklyn, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884-07-25 Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1934)

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1887-06-05 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • 1892-04-10 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)
  • 1893-01-20 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1893-02-04 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1995)

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1893-02-27 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • 1896-12-12 Eslanda Goode, US anthropology/author under Paul Robeson
  • 1900-05-20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1901-04-20 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-12-16 Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
  • 1901-12-19 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist/novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1902-01-31 Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor
  • 1903-04-24 Siegfried F Nadel, Austrian/British anthropologist (Black Byzantium)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903-08-07 Louis Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist and archaeologist (1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1904-06-23 Carleton Coon, American anthropologist (What in the World), born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 1981)
  • 1905-01-11 Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1907-05-30 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (d. 2008)
  • 1907-09-03 Loren Eiseley, professor of Anthropology (Animal Secrets)
  • 1907-10-30 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)
  • 1908-11-28 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist
  • 1911-04-07 Kenneth Oakley, Amersham Buckinghamshire, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913-02-06 Mary Leakey, British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London (d. 1996)

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1914-05-16 Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author
  • 1914-06-10 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914-10-06 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), born in Larvik (d. 2002)

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1922-03-25 Tobias Schneebaum, American writer, anthropologist and explorer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1924-11-01 Robert N Rapoport, social anthropologist
  • 1924-11-23 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist
  • 1926-08-23 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist, (d. 2006)
  • 1929-03-29 Sheila Kitzinger, author, anthropologist & child birth educator, born in Taunton, Somerset
  • 1930-02-08 James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)
  • 1944-12-19 Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist and politician, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1945-06-12 Alfred Antony Francis Gell, social anthropologist
  • 1950-08-24 Tim White, American anthropologist
  • 1951-11-05 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist
  • 1953-08-29 James Quesada, Nicaraguan/American anthropologist
  • 1955-11-15 Georgie Born, English academic, anthropologist and musician (Henry Cow)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1923-09-03 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead

HeartWedding of Interest

1936-11-28 Paleoanthropologist Raymond Arthur Dart (43) weds librarian Marjorie Gordon Frew

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart

HeartWedding of Interest

1936-12-24 Paleoanthropologist Mary Nicol (23) weds archaeologist Louis Leakey (33) in England

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey

Famous Deaths

  • 1840-01-22 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1898-09-25 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French Anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, dies at 77
  • 1912-07-20 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), dies at 68
  • 1912-12-23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • 1913-07-31 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), dies of Bright's disease at 62
  • 1916-01-14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
  • 1917-01-02 Edward B Tylor, English anthropologist, dies at 84
  • 1922-06-04 William Halse Rivers, British psychologist/anthropologist, dies
  • 1925-01-25 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934-03-15 Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1941-05-07 Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (b. 1854)
  • 1941-07-26 Benjamin Whorf, anthropologist, dies
  • 1942-05-16 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • 1942-12-22 Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1943-04-05 Aleš Hrdlička, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • 1944-05-19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • 1947-08-25 Clark Wissler, US cultural anthropologist, dies at 76
  • 1948-09-17 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), dies at 61
  • 1950-02-06 Frank Speck, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans) dies at 68
  • 1955-01-07 Arthur Keith, Scottish Anthropologist, dies at 88
  • 1955-10-24 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • 1956-01-14 Siegfried F Nadel, Aust/British anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52
  • 1963-08-02 Oliver Hazzard Perry La Farge, US anthropologist/writer, dies at 61
  • 1963-11-13 Margaret Murray, English anthropologist and Egyptologist (b. 1863)
  • 1965-12-20 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist, dies at 73
  • 1970-07-21 Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1972-02-06 Julian H Steward, US anthropologist (South American), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972-10-01 Louis Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist and archaeologist (Olduvai Gorge), dies at 68

Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1973-05-15 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cult anthropologist (Pandji-Novel), dies at 95
  • 1977-07-09 Loren C Eiseley, US anthropologist/writer (Animal Secrets), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1978-11-15 Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (Thoughts & Female), dies of pancreatic cancer at 76

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
  • 1981-06-03 Carleton Coon, American anthropologist (What in the World), dies at 76
  • 1981-11-02 Kenneth Oakley, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax, dies at 70
  • 1990-09-11 Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
  • 1990-09-30 Michel Levis, French cultural anthropologist/writer, dies
  • 1991-09-25 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, dies at 91
  • 1994-06-07 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist, dies at 42
  • 1994-07-28 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist, dies at 69
  • 1995-01-04 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995-11-22 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), dies at 95

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1996-11-04 Robert Rapoport, social anthropologist, dies at 72
  • 1996-12-09 Mary Leakey, British archaeologist and anthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints (3.6 million years old), dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2002-04-18 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), dies of a brain tumor at 87

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 2005-09-20 Tobias Schneebaum, American writer, anthropologist and explorer dies at 83
  • 2006-10-30 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)
  • 2008-04-19 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)
  • 2009-10-30 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist and ethnologist (b.1908)
  • 2010-11-25 C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2015-04-12 Sheila Kitzinger, British author, anthropologist & child birth educator, dies at 86