Today in Anthropologist History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924-10-28 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927-12-02 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1928-02-03 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948-10-06 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya.

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1959-07-17 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers the partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) that lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago
  • 1987-09-07 South Africa frees Dutch anthropologist/Anc'er Klaas de Young

Famous Birthdays

  • 1752-05-11 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
  • 1821-08-29 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, Meylan, French Anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821-10-13 Rudolf Virchow, German politician, anthropologist and pathologist (cell pathology), born in Schivelbein, Prussia (d. 1902)

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1822-02-16 Francis Galton, anthropologist & geneticist, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1832-10-02 Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist
  • 1842-12-07 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • 1850-07-12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • 1850-12-30 John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1853-04-22 Alphonse Bertillon, France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system
  • 1854-01-01 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1858-07-09 Franz Boas, anthropologist/linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
  • 1858-07-20 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (d. 1925)
  • 1866-02-05 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • 1868-02-16 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1869-03-29 Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
  • 1870-09-18 Clark Wissler, anthropologist (American Indian)
  • 1876-06-11 Alfred L Kroeber, Hoboken NJ, author (Anthropologist looks at History)
  • 1877-09-16 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • 1881-01-17 Alfred Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1955)
  • 1881-11-08 Frank Speck, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans), born in Brooklyn, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884-07-25 Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1934)

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1887-06-05 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • 1892-04-10 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)
  • 1893-01-20 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1893-02-04 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus)

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1893-02-27 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • 1896-12-12 Eslanda Goode, US anthropology/author under Paul Robeson
  • 1900-05-20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1901-04-20 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-12-16 Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
  • 1901-12-19 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, anthropologist/novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1902-01-31 Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor
  • 1903-04-24 Siegfried F Nadel, Austrian/British anthropologist (Black Byzantium)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903-08-07 Louis Leakey, British anthropologist (1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

Archaeologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1903-10-07 Louis S B Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist
  • 1904-06-23 Carleton Coon, prof of anthropology (What in the World)
  • 1905-01-11 Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1907-05-30 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (d. 2008)
  • 1907-09-03 Loren Eiseley, professor of Anthropology (Animal Secrets)
  • 1907-10-30 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)
  • 1908-11-28 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist
  • 1911-04-07 Kenneth Oakley, Amersham Buckinghamshire, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax
  • 1914-05-16 Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author
  • 1914-06-10 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914-10-06 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), born in Larvik (d. 2002)

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1922-03-25 Tobias Schneebaum, American writer, anthropologist and explorer, born in New York City (d. 2005)
  • 1924-11-01 Robert N Rapoport, social anthropologist
  • 1924-11-23 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist
  • 1926-08-23 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist, (d. 2006)
  • 1929-03-29 Sheila Kitzinger, author, anthropologist & child birth educator, born in Taunton, Somerset
  • 1930-02-08 James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)
  • 1944-01-19 Richard [Erskine Frere] Leakey, Nairobi Kenya, anthropologist
  • 1944-12-19 Richard Leakey, anthropologist
  • 1945-06-12 Alfred Antony Francis Gell, social anthropologist
  • 1950-08-24 Tim White, American anthropologist
  • 1951-11-05 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist
  • 1953-08-29 James Quesada, Nicaraguan/American anthropologist
  • 1955-11-15 Georgie Born, English academic, anthropologist and musician (Henry Cow)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1923-09-03 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead

HeartWedding of Interest

1936-11-28 Paleoanthropologist Raymond Arthur Dart (43) weds librarian Marjorie Gordon Frew

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart

HeartWedding of Interest

1936-12-24 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey (23) weds archaeologist Louis Leakey (33) in England

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
Archaeologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist
Louis Leakey

Famous Deaths

  • 1840-01-22 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1898-09-25 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French Anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, dies at 77
  • 1912-12-23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • 1913-07-31 John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, dies of Bright's disease at 62
  • 1916-01-14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
  • 1917-01-02 Edward B Tylor, English anthropologist, dies at 84
  • 1922-06-04 William Halse Rivers, British psychologist/anthropologist, dies
  • 1925-01-25 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934-03-15 Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1941-05-07 Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (b. 1854)
  • 1941-07-26 Benjamin Whorf, anthropologist, dies
  • 1942-05-16 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • 1942-12-22 Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1943-04-05 Aleš Hrdlička, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • 1944-05-19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • 1947-08-25 Clark Wissler, US cultural anthropologist, dies at 76
  • 1950-02-06 Frank Speck, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans) dies at 68
  • 1955-01-07 Arthur Keith, Scottish Anthropologist, dies at 88
  • 1955-10-24 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • 1956-01-14 Siegfried F Nadel, Aust/British anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52
  • 1963-08-02 Oliver Hazzard Perry La Farge, US anthropologist/writer, dies at 61
  • 1963-11-13 Margaret Murray, English anthropologist and Egyptologist (b. 1863)
  • 1965-12-20 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist, dies at 73
  • 1970-07-21 Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1972-02-06 Julian H Steward, US anthropologist (South American), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972-10-01 Louis Leakey, English anthropologist, dies at 68

Archaeologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1972-10-04 Louis S B Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist, dies at 68
  • 1973-05-15 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cult anthropologist (Pandji-Novel), dies at 95
  • 1977-07-09 Loren C Eiseley, US anthropologist/writer (Animal Secrets), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1978-11-15 Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (Thoughts & Female), dies of pancreatic cancer at 76

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
  • 1981-06-03 Carleton Coon, anthropology prof (What in the World), dies at 76
  • 1981-11-02 Kenneth Oakley, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax, dies at 70
  • 1990-09-11 Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
  • 1990-09-30 Michel Levis, French cultural anthropologist/writer, dies
  • 1991-09-25 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, dies at 91
  • 1994-06-07 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist, dies at 42
  • 1994-07-28 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist, dies at 69
  • 1995-01-04 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995-11-22 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), dies at 95

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1996-11-04 Robert Rapoport, social anthropologist, dies at 72
  • 1996-12-09 Mary Douglas Nicol Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist, dies at 83
  • 2005-09-20 Tobias Schneebaum, American writer, anthropologist and explorer dies at 83
  • 2006-10-30 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)
  • 2008-04-19 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)
  • 2009-10-30 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist and ethnologist (b.1908)
  • 2010-11-25 C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2015-04-12 Sheila Kitzinger, British author, anthropologist & child birth educator, dies at 86