Today in Philosophy History (Part 2)

Historical Events


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Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 389

  • 1775-04-22 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1776-05-04 Johann Friedrich Herbart, Germany, philosopher/psychologist
  • 1781-05-04 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)
  • 1781-10-05 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)
  • 1783-09-08 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (d. 1872)
  • 1788-02-22 Arthur Schopenhauer, Germany, philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1789-01-03 Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher
  • 1792-11-28 Victor Cousin, French philosopher/minister of Education
  • 1794-05-24 William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 1797-03-24 Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)
  • 1797-07-18 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1798-01-19 Auguste Comte, philosopher/founder (sociology & positivism)
  • 1801-04-19 Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist
  • 1801-08-28 Antoine A Cournot, French philosopher/mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • 1802-02-04 Mark Hopkins, US, educator/philosopher (Williams College)
  • 1802-02-16 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1802-09-13 Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1803-05-25 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist/philosopher (Concord Hymn), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1803-08-13 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)
  • 1804-07-28 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • 1805-03-16 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)
  • 1806-02-22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1806-04-03 Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1806-04-29 Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1806-05-20 John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, born in London (d. 1873)

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • 1806-10-25 Max Stirner, [Johann C Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige)
  • 1807-06-30 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer)
  • 1808-01-19 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1808-07-21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician (d. 1864)
  • 1813-05-05 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)
  • 1815-01-01 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
  • 1816-07-14 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818-05-05 Karl Marx, Trier, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1820-04-27 Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)
  • 1820-09-28 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher
  • 1820-11-28 Friedrich Engels, Germany, social philosopher; Marx's collaborator
  • 1823-02-28 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • 1824-03-29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)
  • 1828-04-21 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian (Voyage in Italy)
  • 1828-07-12 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich A Lange, Prussia, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism)
  • 1830-03-30 Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • 1831-04-08 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologiost/philosopher/art historian/poet
  • 1832-08-16 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher
  • 1833-11-19 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans)
  • 1838-01-16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
  • 1838-02-18 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1838-05-31 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • 1839-09-10 Charles Peirce, American philosopher (d. 1914)
  • 1840-02-25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1842-01-11 William James, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism), born in NYC, New York

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1842-02-23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1842-03-30 John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher
  • 1843-11-19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, Röcken bei Lützen, Prussia, German philosopher (Beyond Good and Evil), (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1845-01-07 Paul Deusen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 1845-08-10 Abai Qunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet, composer and philosopher (d. 1904)
  • 1846-01-05 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Germany, Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • 1846-01-30 Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 1847-02-25 John Watson, Canada, philosopher (Objective Idealism)
  • 1847-10-01 Annie Besant, [Wood], England, philosopher (Esoteric christianity)
  • 1848-06-24 Brooks Adams, US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)
  • 1849-12-22 Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)
  • 1850-02-28 Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 1851-11-21 Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal
  • 1852-09-25 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy)
  • 1853-01-16 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1854-04-29 Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher
  • 1854-06-09 Gerardus J P J Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)
  • 1855-11-10 Josiah Royce, US, philosopher (conception of God)
  • 1857-04-19 Lucien Levy-Bruhl, philosopher
  • 1858-03-01 Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1858-08-01 Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1859-01-06 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral order & progress)
  • 1859-04-08 Edmund Husserl, Germany, philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • 1859-10-18 Henri Bergson, France, philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859-10-20 John Dewey, philosopher, educational theorist/writer (Learn by doing)

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1860-12-25 Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (d. 1921)
  • 1861-01-12 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1861-02-15 Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861-05-06 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher/poet/writer (Nobel 1913), born in Calcutta (d. 1941)

  • 1861-06-10 Pierre M M Duhem, French naturalist/philosopher/historian
  • 1862-07-24 Johan A de Sleeve, [Adwaita], philosopher/classical/poet (Brahman)
  • 1863-01-31 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • 1863-12-16 George Santayana, Spain, philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • 1864-08-16 Ferdinand C S Schiller, British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx)
  • 1864-09-29 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Bilbao Spain, philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro)
  • 1866-02-16 Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [NS=Feb 28]
  • 1866-02-25 Benedetto Croce, Italy, humanist/historian/editor/philosopher
  • 1866-02-28 Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [OS=2/16]
  • 1867-02-11 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
  • 1867-05-17 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • 1868-03-03 Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
  • 1869-12-02 Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)
  • 1870-06-18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • 1871-04-29 Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • 1871-11-20 William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher/educator
  • 1872-05-18 Bertrand Russell, England, mathematician/philosopher (Nobel 1950)
  • 1872-12-10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves)
  • 1873-02-22 Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher

Famous Weddings


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Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 366

  • 1801-01-02 Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59
  • 1803-08-18 James Beattie, Scottish poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1803-12-18 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet, dies at 59
  • 1804-02-06 Joseph Priestley, Engl/US theologist/philosopher/chemist, dies at 70
  • 1804-02-12 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • 1805-05-25 William Paley, English philosopher (b. 1743)
  • 1807-08-15 Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1814-01-27 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, philosopher, dies
  • 1814-01-29 Johann G Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1814-12-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1816-04-28 Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher (b. 1862)
  • 1823-04-10 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
  • 1824-08-21 John Taylor, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy), dies at 70
  • 1825-02-10 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant), dies at 68
  • 1825-05-19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
  • 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scot philosopher (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1829-01-12 Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56
  • 1831-05-26 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies
  • 1832-06-06 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)
  • 1834-02-12 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1836-06-23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, (b. 1773)
  • 1841-05-23 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76
  • 1843-08-10 Jakob F Fries, German philosopher, dies
  • 1845-02-13 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
  • 1845-07-04 Pierre P Royer-Collard, French philosopher/Council of 500, dies
  • 1845-09-04 Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1845-09-16 John Kinker, translator/philosopher/poet, dies at 81
  • 1847-06-09 Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French philosopher/poet (Orphée), dies
  • 1848-12-18 Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1854-08-20 Friedrich WJ von Schelling, German philosopher, dies at 79

  • 1855-11-11 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (b. 1813)
  • 1856-06-23 Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1860-09-21 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1861-05-09 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (b. 1805)
  • 1864-05-28 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and liberal politician (b. 1808)
  • 1865-01-19 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1865-10-16 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • 1866-03-06 William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)
  • 1867-01-12 Victor Cousin, French philosopher/minister of Education, dies at 74
  • 1869-03-11 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
  • 1869-07-28 Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1872-09-02 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
  • 1872-09-13 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1873-05-08 John Stuart Mill, great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • 1875-06-02 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1875-11-21 Friedrich A Lange, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1879-08-08 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)
  • 1881-12-07 Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • 1882-10-13 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-03-14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1886-08-16 Swami Ramakrishna, Indies philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1887-05-14 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1887-09-14 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer), dies
  • 1889-10-17 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
  • 1893-03-05 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian, dies at 64
  • 1896-05-27 Allard Pierson, theologist/philosopher/art historian/poet, dies
  • 1899-05-01 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
  • 1900-05-18 Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
  • 1900-08-25 Friedrich Nietschze, philosopher (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900-08-25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German Philosopher, dies at 55

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1900-08-28 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies
  • 1901-07-04 John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher, dies
  • 1903-09-01 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neo criticism), dies
  • 1903-10-04 Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
  • 1903-12-08 Herbert Spencer, British engineer/philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1904-10-08 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria sociologist/philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1905-01-19 Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1906-06-05 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-08-26 William James, American psychologist and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1911-10-01 Wilhelm Dilthey, Germ philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • 1912-01-14 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1914-04-19 Charles Pierce, philosopher/scientist, dies
  • 1916-02-19 Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1916-09-14 Josiah Royce, US philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies
  • 1918-09-28 Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1919-02-05 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher/writer, dies at 62
  • 1919-05-20 Jacob Verdam, philosopher, dies
  • 1919-07-07 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies
  • 1919-08-09 Ernst Haeckel, German philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1920-08-31 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1921-01-07 Benno Erdmann, German philosopher (Logik I), dies at 69
  • 1922-02-11 Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
  • 1922-09-04 Georges Sorel, French social philosopher, dies at 74
  • 1922-09-30 Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 64
  • 1922-10-12 Daisy M C Baers, Flemish philosophy/theory, dies at 33
  • 1923-01-23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1923-06-29 Fritz Mauthner, German author/philosopher (skepticism), dies at 73
  • 1924-09-18 Francis Herbert Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism), dies
  • 1924-10-07 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Christian Philosophy), dies at 71
  • 1925-03-04 James Ward, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1843)
  • 1925-03-30 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1926-01-23 Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal, dies at 74
  • 1926-09-16 Rudolf C Eucken, German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80
  • 1927-02-13 Brooks Adams, US philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78
  • 1927-10-29 Leonard Nelson, Ger philosopher (Nelson-Friessche Schule), dies at 45
  • 1928-04-07 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)
  • 1928-05-19 Max Scheler, German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1929-10-12 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52
  • 1930-04-16 José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1933-12-17 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81

Famous Philosophers