Today in Philosophy History (Part 3)

Historical Events


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Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 389

  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (d. 1928)
  • 1873-11-04 G E Moore, English philosopher (Ethics)
  • 1874-03-18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1874-07-28 Ernst Cassirer, Germany, philosopher/educator (Essay on Man)
  • 1874-08-22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)
  • 1874-12-22 Herman Harrell Horne, Clayton NC, philosopher (idealism)
  • 1875-05-30 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)
  • 1875-06-17 Philipp A Kohnstamm, philosopher/theorist (Mensch & World)
  • 1877-01-31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher
  • 1877-11-09 Allama Iqbal, Pakistani poet/philosopher
  • 1878-02-08 Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
  • 1878-03-04 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • 1878-12-21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)
  • 1879-02-23 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 1879-12-30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)
  • 1880-05-29 Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)
  • 1880-07-20 Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
  • 1881-02-23 Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
  • 1881-05-01 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, France, philosopher/paleontologist
  • 1882-02-28 Jose Vasconcelos, politician/essayist/philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • 1882-04-14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • 1882-09-28 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Barcelona Spain, essayist/philosopher
  • 1882-11-18 Jacques Maritain, France, Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas)
  • 1882-12-10 Otto Neurath, Aust/British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences)
  • 1883-02-23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • 1883-05-06 Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher/author [or May 9]
  • 1883-10-26 Napoleon Hill, American Writer and Philosopher (Think and Grow Rich)(d. 1970)
  • 1884-06-13 Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1884-06-27 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu)
  • 1885-02-14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1885-03-20 Eugen Herrigel, Germany, philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • 1885-04-13 Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)
  • 1885-07-08 Emil Bloch, German philosopher
  • 1886-09-13 Alain LeRoy Locke, African American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”
  • 1887-02-18 Nikos Kasandsakis, Heraklion, Crete, Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ)
  • 1887-06-22 Julian S Huxley, biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England
  • 1888-05-15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • 1888-09-05 Sarvepalli Radhakrishan, president (India)/philosopher
  • 1889-02-22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • 1889-03-01 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1889-04-26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria, philosopher (Tractatus)
  • 1889-06-25 Margriet M C Baers, Flemish philosopher
  • 1890-03-08 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist/philosopher
  • 1890-08-09 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist/philosopher
  • 1890-09-22 Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891-01-23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1891-05-18 Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist)
  • 1891-10-12 Edith Stein, German philosopher
  • 1891-11-01 Dirk Vollenhoven, Dutch composer/philosopher
  • 1892-10-24 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter
  • 1893-02-05 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)
  • 1894-02-08 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher
  • 1894-08-13 Ferdinand Sassen, Dutch philosopher/director
  • 1894-10-07 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
  • 1895-02-14 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist (Studies in prejudice)
  • 1895-05-03 Cornelius Van Til, philosopher and Christian apologist (d. 1987)
  • 1895-05-09 Lucian Blaga, Romaniams philosopher/poet (Dogmatic Aeon)
  • 1895-05-12 Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [NS=May 22]
  • 1895-05-22 Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [OS=May 12]
  • 1895-11-17 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (d. 1975)
  • 1895-12-04 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1895-12-20 Susanne Langer, US, philosopher/educator (Philosophy in a New Key)
  • 1897-01-09 Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1897-06-22 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1898-01-25 Joachim Wach, German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding)
  • 1898-05-19 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • 1898-07-11 Hendrik J Pos, Dutch philosopher/CEO (Committee of Watchfulness)
  • 1898-07-18 Herbert Marcuse, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1898-11-09 Owen Barfield, philosopher of language
  • 1899-02-14 John Randall Jr, Michigan, historian/philosopher (Western Man)
  • 1899-04-13 Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1899-09-20 Leo Strauss, German-born philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1900-02-11 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • 1900-06-15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1900-08-19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1901-01-03 Eric Voegelin, Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)
  • 1901-01-17 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1901-05-10 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • 1901-09-29 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902-07-28 Karl Popper, Austro-British philosopher (Logic of Forschung), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1902-12-20 Sidney Hook, anticommunist philosopher (Paradoxes of Freedom)
  • 1903-08-31 Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher (d. 1985)
  • 1903-09-11 Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1904-02-17 Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)
  • 1904-09-29 Dorothy Emmet, philosopher
  • 1905-01-08 Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher
  • 1905-02-02 Ayn Rand, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, writer and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead)
  • 1905-09-09 Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher, Pithapuram
  • 1905-11-22 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • 1905-12-11 Eugen Fink, German philosopher
  • 1905-12-30 Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher
  • 1906-02-13 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1907-12-27 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher
  • 1908-03-14 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher
  • 1908-06-21 William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1908-06-22 George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher
  • 1908-06-25 Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1908-07-07 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • 1908-07-09 Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)

Famous Weddings


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Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 366

  • 1934-11-08 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, dies at 73
  • 1936-05-08 Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies
  • 1936-06-22 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1936-12-31 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Span philosopher/poet (Cancionero), dies at 72
  • 1937-04-02 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937-04-27 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1937-08-06 Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72
  • 1937-09-14 Tomés G Masaryk, philosopher/President of Czech (1918-35), dies at 87)
  • 1938-03-27 Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher/psychologist, dies at 66
  • 1938-04-21 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1938-04-26 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (study of phenomenon), dies at 79
  • 1938-09-13 Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79
  • 1938-11-19 Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (b. 1866)
  • 1941-01-04 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941-08-07 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher/poet/writer (Nobel 1913), dies at 80

  • 1941-12-09 Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • 1941-12-09 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1942-07-26 Titus Brandsma, [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • 1942-08-09 Edith Stein, German philosopher, dies
  • 1943-01-09 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1943-07-13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter, dies at 50
  • 1943-08-24 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • 1945-04-13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1945-06-07 Nishida Kitaro, scholar/philosopher/Zen practitioner, dies at 74
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1946-04-26 Hermann Keyserling, count/philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • 1946-08-16 Herman Harrell Horne, philosopher (idealism)
  • 1947-01-12 Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1947-10-02 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1949-04-18 Leonard Bloomfield, linguist/philosopher, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-05-06 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • 1949-06-19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1950-04-14 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
  • 1950-09-06 Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)
  • 1951-04-29 Ludwig J J Wittgenstein, Austria/English philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1951-06-02 Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1951-12-31 Philipp A Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher/physicist, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952-06-01 John Dewey, US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1952-09-26 George Santayana, US philosopher/poet (Last Puritan), dies at 88
  • 1952-11-20 Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86
  • 1954-02-26 William R Inge, English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93
  • 1954-09-25 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Spanish essayist/philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1955-04-18 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher/scholar, dies in Germany at 70
  • 1955-08-27 Joachim Wach, philosopher/sociologist (Sociology of Religion), dies
  • 1955-10-18 Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher, dies at 72
  • 1956-01-30 Gerrit Mannoury, mathematician/philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1956-06-07 Julien Benda, Fren philosopher/writer (La trahison des clercs), dies
  • 1956-07-28 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher/graphologist, dies at 83
  • 1956-07-29 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (Study of Graves), dies at 83
  • 1958-03-23 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76
  • 1958-12-21 Lion Feuchtwanger, philosopher/writer (Der falsche Nero), dies at 74
  • 1959-05-20 Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1960-02-08 John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)
  • 1960-12-26 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (b. 1889)
  • 1961-05-03 Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1961-05-06 Lucian Blaga, philosopher/poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
  • 1962-07-08 Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
  • 1962-10-16 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (Water & Dreams), dies at 78
  • 1965-02-13 William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher, dies at 93
  • 1965-05-22 Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies
  • 1965-06-13 Martin Buber, German/Israel philosopher/zionist/theologist, dies at 87
  • 1968-12-29 Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)
  • 1969-02-26 Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1969-03-23 Rudolf Pannwitz, German author/philosopher (Urblik), dies at 87
  • 1969-08-06 Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 65
  • 1970-02-02 Bertrand Russell, philosopher, British MP, dies in Merioneth at 97
  • 1970-06-29 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica), dies at 77
  • 1970-09-14 Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher/mathematician, dies at 79
  • 1970-10-08 Lucien Goldmann, Romanian/French sociologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1971-06-04 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1971-08-02 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1971-09-16 Ferdinand LR Sassen, priest/philosopher (Descartes), dies at 77
  • 1973-07-07 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 78
  • 1973-12-18 Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (b. 1908)
  • 1974-06-11 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1975-03-07 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)
  • 1975-04-17 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)
  • 1976-05-26 Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Holzweg), dies at 86
  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1976-10-06 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1977-02-07 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer, dies at 82
  • 1977-03-13 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
  • 1977-08-04 Emil Bloch, German philosopher (Principle Hope, Traces), dies at 92
  • 1978-01-18 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer (b. 1919)
  • 1978-04-19 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1978-09-19 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)
  • 1979-07-29 Herbert Marcuse, philosopher (Eros & Civilization), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980-04-15 Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980-12-31 Marshall McLuhan, Canadian cultural philosopher, dies at 69

Philosopher of Communication Theory Marshall McLuhan
Philosopher of Communication Theory
Marshall McLuhan
  • 1981-01-05 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher (b. 1901)
  • 1982-03-06 Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author-philosopher (Atlas Shrugged), dies of heart failure at 77
  • 1983-07-01 R Buckminster Fuller, inventor/philosopher, dies in LA at 87
  • 1984-05-15 Francis Schaeffer, American theologian, philosopher, and pastor (b. 1912)
  • 1984-11-29 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1985-02-07 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist, dies at 83
  • 1986-02-17 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90
  • 1986-05-27 Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1987-07-28 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81
  • 1989-06-27 Alfred J Ayer, English philosopher (Logical Positivism), dies
  • 1990-08-01 Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies