Cycling in History

Events in Sport

  • 1817-07-12 Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course
  • 1818-02-17 Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
  • 1819-05-21 1st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in NYC
  • 1866-11-20 Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
  • 1868-05-31 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • 1868-12-05 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
  • 1869-11-17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen
  • 1877-12-22 "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • 1878-02-11 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • 1880-05-31 League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
  • 1887-01-04 Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world (SF-SF)
  • 1888-10-31 Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre
  • 1889-12-24 Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake
  • 1891-10-18 1st international 6-day bicycle race in US (Madison Square Garden, NYC) begins
  • 1893-05-11 Henri Desgrange establishes 1st bicycle-world record (35.325 km)
  • 1893-07-01 SF Bay City Club opens 1st US bicycle race track, made of wood
  • 1895-09-24 1st round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months)
  • 1896-01-06 1st US women's 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden
  • 1896-05-26 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY
  • 1899-02-12 1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in US begins, Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1899-10-10 African-American inventor Issac R. Johnson patents the bicycle frame
  • 1902-11-20 Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race
  • 1903-01-19 New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
  • 1903-07-01 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
  • 1909-03-21 Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
  • 1914-08-18 Oscar Egg sets new cycling hour record (44,247 km)
  • 1926-04-13 Cyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam
  • 1928-10-01 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium bicycled 76 miles 504 yards in 1 hour
  • 1933-08-26 Jan van Houten bicycles world record time (44,588 km)
  • 1936-06-18 1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, WI
  • 1937-09-04 Doris Kopsky, becomes 1st NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4)
  • 1937-09-29 Frans Slaats bicycles world record time (45,563 km)
  • 1937-11-03 Maurice Archambaud bicycles world record for distance in one hour (45.796 km)
  • 1941-05-19 Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
  • 1942-07-19 German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam & Hague
  • 1955-08-19 US raises import duty on bicycles 50%
  • 1967-10-30 Ferdinand Bracke bicycles world record time (48,093 km)
  • 1969-08-23 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno
  • 1969-08-23 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
  • 1970-02-28 Bicycles permitted to cross Golden Gate Bridge
  • 1974-02-25 Veronica & Colin Scargill (England) begin tandem bicycle ride a record 18,020 miles around the world, completed on August 27, 1975
  • 1974-09-10 Teuvo Louhivouri sets cycling distance record of 515.8 mi in 24 hrs
  • 1975-08-27 Veronica & Colin Scargill (England) complete tandem bicycle ride, a record 18,020 miles around the world
  • 1976-10-06 John Hathaway completes 50,600 mile bicycle tour of every continent
  • 1979-05-02 -May 10] Vivekananda (Sri Lanka) begins nonstop ride, cycling 187 hrs, 28 min, around Vihara Maha Devi Park, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1979-05-06 Fred Markham set a bicycle speed record of 818 kph over 200 m
  • 1980-10-27 Dave Gryllis sets world bicycle speed record of 94.37 kph
  • 1983-02-20 Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
  • 1983-06-08 Charlos Vieira begins 191 hr "nonstop" cycling in Leiria, Portugal
  • 1983-06-16 Charlos Vieira completes 191 hr "nonstop" cycling in Leiria Portugal
  • 1983-09-04 Greg LeMond becomes only American to win cycling's Road Championship
  • 1984-01-19 Francesco Moser bicycles world record time: 50,808 km
  • 1984-01-23 Greatest unpaced 1-hr bicycle distance, F Moser (Italy), 51.15 km
  • 1985-10-04 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
  • 1986-08-07 Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel & Anne Knabe begin cycling journey of 15,266 miles from Prudhoe Bay Alaska to Argentina
  • 1987-06-13 Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel & Anne Knabe complete cycling journey of 15,266 mi from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska to Argentina
  • 1988-04-22 Women are allowed to compete in Little 500 bicycle race (Indiana)
  • 1988-06-10 Greatest number of participants (31,678) on a bicycle tour (London)
  • 1988-06-16 In Santa Barbara, CA, a team of 32 divers begin cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
  • 1988-06-19 32 divers finish cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
  • 1989-05-14 1st Tour de Trump bicycle race run (Atlanta)
  • 1993-07-17 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time, 51,596 km
  • 1993-07-18 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (51,596 K)
  • 1993-07-23 Chris Boardman bicycles world record 1 hour distance (52,270 km)
  • 1994-03-23 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10 km (11:28)
  • 1994-04-19 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)
  • 1994-04-27 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (52,713 km)
  • 1994-09-02 Miguel Indurain bicycles world record time (53,040 km)
  • 1994-10-22 Tony Rominger bicycles world record time (53,832 km)
  • 1994-11-05 Tony Rominger bicycles world record for distance covered in one hour for second time (55.291 km)
  • 2017-07-04 World champion Peter Sagan disqualified from Tour de France for a dangerous act while cycling during stage four

Birthdays in Sport

  • 1837-05-09 Adam Opel, German manufacturer (cycling, motorcars)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1873-10-19 Jaap Eden, Dutch world champion cyclist and speed skater, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1925)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • 1901-08-26 Tullio Campagnolo, Italy, bicycle manufacturer (Fiat)
  • 1902-07-20 Cesare Zavattini, Italian screenwriter (Bicycle Thiefs)
  • 1906-03-04 Georges Ronsse, Belgian national cyclo-cross and world champion road cyclist (d. 1969)
  • 1920-04-09 Alexander Moulton, English bicycle designer (folding bicycle)
  • 1922-12-16 Pierre Chany, writer/cycling journalist
  • 1934-01-08 Jacques Anquetil, France, Tour de France cyclist (5-time winner)
  • 1937-05-12 Beryl Burton, UK, won record (7) women's cycling titles
  • 1957-09-05 Peter Winnen, Dutch bicycle road athlete
  • 1972-08-08 Axel Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • 1975-03-10 Lyne Bessette, Quebec professional cyclist
  • 1975-05-14 Nicki Sørensen, Danish road cyclist
  • 1975-06-22 Andreas Klöden, German professional road cyclist
  • 1979-06-22 Thomas Voeckler, French road cyclist
  • 1983-05-22 John Hopkins, Anglo-American motorcycling racer
  • 1984-08-31 Matti Breschel, Danish road cyclist

Deaths in Sport

  • 1891-08-29 Pierre Lallement, inventor of the bicycle (b. 1843 or 1844)
  • 1983-02-01 Tullio Campagnolo, Italian bicycle manufacturer, dies
  • 1994-02-11 Antonio Martin, Spanish cyclist, dies in cycling accident at 23
  • 1996-06-18 Pierre Chany, writer/cycling journalist, dies at 73