American Civil War in History

American Civil War: Atlanta Campaign - Battle of Petersburg

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 1860-12-20 South Carolina secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861-01-01 President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War)

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861-01-07 Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-09 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-10 Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-10 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-11 Alabama secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-12 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-14 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-19 Misssissippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-19 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861-01-21 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1861-01-26 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-31 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)
  • 1861-02-01 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • 1861-02-04 Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time; Jefferson Davis elected President of Confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-05 Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-06 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-08 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-09 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-09 Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1861-02-09 Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)

  • 1861-02-12 State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas, during the US Civil War
  • 1861-02-18 Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-20 Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) forms (US Civil War)
  • 1861-03-04 Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag (US Civil War)
  • 1861-03-11 Confederate convention in Montgomery adopts constitution (US Civil War)
  • 1861-03-16 Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861-03-16 Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (US Civil War)

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • 1861-03-31 Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-08 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-12 Fort Sumter in South Carolina is attacked by the Confederacy, beginning the American Civil War
  • 1861-04-13 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-14 Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-15 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Abraham Lincoln (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-16 US President Abraham Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-17 Virginia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861-04-18 Colonel Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1861-04-19 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1861-04-23 Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-25 Battle of Lavaca, fought in Texas, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-25 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-27 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-27 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-29 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-04-30 US President Abraham Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)
  • 1861-05-03 Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
  • 1861-05-16 Major General Twiggs surrenders to Confederate Army in San Antonio, Texas (US Civil War)
  • 1861-05-20 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
  • 1861-06-01 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
  • 1861-06-01 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War

  • 1861-06-03 1st Civil War land battle-Union defeats Confederacy at Philippi, WV
  • 1861-06-08 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union.
  • 1861-07-21 First Battle of Bull Run [Battle of First Manassas], 1st major battle of the US Civil War is fought near Manassas, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1861-07-21 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins
  • 1861-08-10 Battle of Wilson's Creek [Battle of Oak Hills], fought near near Springfield, Missouri, General Lyon killed, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1861-08-29 American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • 1861-09-13 1st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Fla
  • 1861-10-25 First Battle of Springfield [Zagonyi's Charge], fought in Springfield, Missouri, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1861-11-02 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.
  • 1861-11-03 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina begins, Union victory (US Civil War)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1861-11-07 Battle of Belmont, fought in Mississippi County, Missouri begins, first combat test for Brigadier General Ulysses S Grant, Union victory (US Civil War)

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1861-11-07 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina ends, Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard (US Civil War)
  • 1861-12-09 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1861-12-19 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • 1862-01-10 Romney expedition, Confederate Army military expedition begins in Romney, West Virginia (US Civil War)
  • 1862-02-06 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • 1862-03-03 Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • 1862-03-31 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • 1862-04-04 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia begins (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1862-04-04 Peninsular Campaign, launched in southeastern Virginia, aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War begins, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862-04-05 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia ends (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1862-04-29 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • 1862-05-01 Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans (US Civil War)
  • 1862-06-02 Robert E Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgina during US Civil War
  • 1862-06-30 Battle of Glendale [Frayser's Farm], day 6 of 7 days battles, Virginia Confederate assault attack (US Civil War)
  • 1862-07-01 Battle of Malvern Hill [Poindexter's Farm], day 7 of 7 days battles, Union forces repel Confederate attack, Tactical Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862-07-13 Battle of Murfreesboro, fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee begins (Forrest's Raid), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862-08-09 Battle of Cedar Mountain [Slaughter's Mountain], fought in Culpeper County, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)

Victory in battleSecond Battle of Bull Run

1862-08-29 Second Battle of Bull Run, fought in Manassas, Virginia begins, Confederate victory (US Civil War)

  • 1862-09-04 General Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops during Maryland Campaign (US Civil war)
  • 1862-09-14 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • 1862-09-17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War 23,110 die in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862-09-17 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1862-09-30 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1862-12-14 Battle of Kinston, fought in Lenoir County, North Carolina begins (Goldsboro Expedition), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862-12-31 -Jan 20th) Battle of Stone's River (Battle of Murfreesboro), Tennesse in American Civil War
  • 1863-01-08 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • 1863-01-17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 1863-01-26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1863-01-31 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into US army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1863-04-30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • 1863-05-14 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place
  • 1863-05-28 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War
  • 1863-07-03 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • 1863-08-08 American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century)
  • 1863-09-20 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends
  • 1863-11-03 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War
  • 1864-01-27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1864-02-20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1807-01-19 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, born in Stratford Virginia (d. 1870)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1809-11-13 John AB Dahlgren, US Union lt adm/inventor (Civil war Dahlgren-cannon)
  • 1814-06-22 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1866)
  • 1815-08-29 Anna Ella Carroll, American politician and civil war writer (Reconstruction), born in Pocomoke City, Maryland (d. 1894)
  • 1816-01-09 John Palmer Usher, Secretary of the Interior under Lincoln during US Civil War (1863-1865), born in Brookfield, New York (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1824-01-21 Stonewall Jackson [Thomas Jonathan], Confederate general during the American Civil War, born in Clarksburg, Virginia (d. 1863)

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1826-04-26 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872
  • 1832-02-27 Alfred Pollard Edward, Civil War journalist, (d. 1872)
  • 1832-11-26 Mary Edwards Walker, American doctor/women's rights leader and only woman to receive Medal of Honor (bravery during Civil War)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1833-02-06 J.E.B. Stuart [James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart], Confederate General in the American Civil War, born in Patrick County, Virginia (d. 1864)

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1833-07-28 James Henry Lane, Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate), born in Mathews Court House, Virginia (d. 1907)
  • 1833-11-09 Sally Louisa Tompkins, American nurse and philanthropist, only woman commissioned in Confederate army during US Civil War, born in Mathews City, Virginia (d. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1833-12-06 John S. Mosby, Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War, born in Powhatan County, Virginia (d. 1916)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • 1837-06-17 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d.1863)
  • 1838-02-12 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1898)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1839-12-05 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, born in New Rumley, Ohio (d. 1876)

  • 1841-01-30 Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, (d. 1914)
  • 1841-11-13 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General (d. 1913)
  • 1842-03-28 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
  • 1842-10-28 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • 1842-11-14 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
  • 1843-12-23 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1844-06-01 John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • 1846-02-14 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient. (d. 1901)
  • 1899-10-09 Bruce Catton, American historian and writer (Civil War), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1978)
  • 1902-10-25 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1953-07-29 Ken Burns [Kenneth Lauren], American director and documentary film producer (The Civil War, Baseball), born in Brooklyn, New York

Famous Deaths

  • 1862-09-01 Oliver Tilden, of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863-05-10 Stonewall Jackson [Thomas Jonathan], Confederate general during the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 39

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1863-11-24 Claudius Charles Wilson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies of fever at camp in Ringgold, Georgia
  • 1864-10-26 "Bloody Bill" Anderson, American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader, killed by union troops at 24 or 25
  • 1866-07-11 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), commits suicide at 52
  • 1869-07-15 A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK
  • 1870-02-14 St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General, dies at 54

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870-10-12 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 63

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1876-06-25 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, dies at the Battle of Little Bighorn aged 36

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891-02-14 William Tecumseh Sherman, American Major General in the Union Army, dies at 71

  • 1896-01-15 Matthew B Brady, US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72
  • 1898-03-11 William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1898-05-02 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, dies of an old war wound at 60
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1907-07-28 James Henry Lane, US Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate) and professor, dies at 74
  • 1911-03-13 John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1913-07-07 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
  • 1914-02-24 Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1915-09-13 Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • 1916-01-03 Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916-05-30 John S. Mosby, Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War, dies at 82

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • 1918-03-20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • 1919-02-21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1920-04-29 William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)
  • 1924-11-04 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)
  • 1959-03-16 John Sailling, last documented Civil War vet, dies at 111
  • 1959-12-19 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117
  • 1978-08-28 Bruce Catton, American historian and writer (Civil War), dies at 78
  • 1998-03-02 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), dies at 95