Today in the History of the Boer Wars

Historical Events

  • 1838-12-16 Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa
  • 1870-07-30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • 1880-12-08 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • 1880-12-16 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • 1881-01-28 Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British
  • 1881-02-07 Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1881-02-27 Battle at Amajuba: South African Boers vs British army under Gen Colley
  • 1881-03-23 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1881-08-03 Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1894-06-25 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)
  • 1899-10-11 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • 1899-10-12 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
  • 1899-10-20 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1899-10-21 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
  • 1899-10-24 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
  • 1899-10-30 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith
  • 1899-11-02 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899-11-15 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1899-11-22 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
  • 1899-11-28 Battle of Mud River (Boer general Cronjé beats British gen Methuen)
  • 1899-12-09 Boer War: During Seige of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • 1899-12-10 Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs British army
  • 1899-12-15 Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army)
  • 1899-12-23 British Field Marshall Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • 1900-01-06 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
  • 1900-01-21 The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
  • 1900-01-24 Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900-01-29 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • 1900-02-06 The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900-02-15 British troops relieve Kimberly, South Africa, under siege by the Boers since October 1899
  • 1900-02-22 Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900-02-23 Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900-02-27 Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
  • 1900-02-27 Boer General Cronjé surrenders to British in Pardenberg, South Africa
  • 1900-03-10 Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900-03-11 British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1900-03-17 In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
  • 1900-03-27 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • 1900-03-31 At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
  • 1900-04-04 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
  • 1900-04-04 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • 1900-05-12 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • 1900-05-28 Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
  • 1900-06-05 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • 1900-06-07 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • 1900-07-03 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • 1900-07-11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
  • 1900-07-31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin
  • 1900-08-27 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha
  • 1900-09-03 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1900-09-15 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa
  • 1900-10-25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • 1900-11-06 Battle at Bothaville: Major General Charles Knox beats Boers
  • 1900-11-22 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France
  • 1900-12-13 Battle of Nooitgedacht: Boer generals De La Reyand Smuts defeat a British brigade under the command of Major General R. Clements
  • 1900-12-16 Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony
  • 1900-12-19 Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, leaders in the field refuse to surrender
  • 1901-01-31 Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
  • 1901-02-26 British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
  • 1901-02-27 A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • 1901-08-12 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • 1901-08-15 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • 1901-09-03 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • 1901-09-17 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
  • 1901-09-17 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
  • 1901-09-26 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1901-10-30 Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's British unit vs Boers
  • 1901-12-16 Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • 1901-12-25 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • 1902-01-10 Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa
  • 1902-02-24 Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British
  • 1902-03-07 Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
  • 1902-05-19 Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
  • 1902-05-31 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • 1902-12-31 Boers & British army sign peace treaty
  • 1907-03-22 The new Boer government in the Transvaal passes an Asiatic Registration Bill, that restricts immigration from India
  • 1910-04-27 Louis Botha and James Hertzog establish the moderate nationalists South African Party promising equality of Britons and Boers
  • 1910-09-15 Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa
  • 1914-01-27 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • 1914-08-15 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads
  • 1914-10-13 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • 1914-12-08 Boers rebelling against the British have recently suffered several defeats; today, one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidently drowns
  • 1938-08-08 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • 1955-10-26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Famous Birthdays

  • 1825-10-10 Paulus Kruger, President of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
  • 1832-09-30 Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts, British gov of Natal (Ireland-Boer war)
  • 1850-06-24 Horatio Herbert Kitchener, County Kerry, Ireland, commander of the British forces during Anglo-Boer War
  • 1854-10-07 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • 1899-12-06 Harry Buller Siege Willis, son of South Africa boer in Ladysmith
  • 1906-07-09 Beene Dubbelboer, Dutch writer (Secret Resistance)
  • 1910-03-16 Martijn Lijnema, boer/resistance fighter (WW II)

Famous Deaths

  • 1853-07-23 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (b. 1798)
  • 1899-12-11 Andrew Wauchope, British Major-General, dies in Battle of Magersfontein in the Boer war, South Africa. Another British Major, The Marquess of Winchester also killed.
  • 1901-10-30 ... Opperman, South African Boer general (Spy), killed in battle
  • 1902-01-17 Gideon Scheepers, South Africa Boer leader, executed
  • 1902-04-11 ... Potgieter, South African Boer general, dies in battle
  • 1904-07-14 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger, the face of Boer resistance against the British during the South African or Second Boer War (1899–1902), heart failure at 78
  • 1911-02-04 Peter A "Piet" Cronje, South Africa Boer general, dies at about 75
  • 1911-02-05 Petrus A Cronjé, Transvaal Boer general, dies
  • 1914-09-15 Jacobus Herculas de la Rey, [Uncle Chose], Boer general, dies at 66
  • 1922-02-03 Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67
  • 1928-01-30 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WW I), dies at 66