Nuclear Weapon in History

Nuclear Weapon: Nuclear Testing

Related Topics: Nuclear Physicist

Historical Events

  • 1934-07-04 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-10-11 Albert Einstein informs FDR of the possibilities of an atomic bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-09-17 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1942-09-23 The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb
  • 1945-01-15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • 1945-07-16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • 1945-07-29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

1945-08-06 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945-08-09 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-08 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1946-05-26 Patent filed in US for H-Bomb
  • 1946-07-25 US detonates underwater A-bomb at Bikini (5th atomic explosion)
  • 1948-10-21 UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons
  • 1950-01-31 US President Harry Truman publicly announces support for the development of a hydrogen bomb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951-10-06 Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-02-26 PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-01 "Ivy Mike", the first thermonuclear weapon to utilize the H-bomb design of Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam, is detonated in the Marshall Islands, Pacific Ocean

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1953-11-06 Masao Oki's symphony "Atomic Bomb" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-02-02 President Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb (done in 1952)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1955-03-16 President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war
  • 1955-04-01 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • 1955-07-15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • 1957-05-15 1st British H-bomb explosion (over Christmas Island)
  • 1958-03-25 West German parliament desires German atomic weapons
  • 1958-03-31 USSR suspends nuclear weapons tests, & urges US & Britain to do same
  • 1958-04-04 1st march against nuclear weapons (Aldermaston, England)
  • 1959-06-23 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career)
  • 1960-04-13 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • 1960-11-22 French National Meeting decide to build own nuclear weapons
  • 1960-11-30 French Senate condemns building own nuclear weapons
  • 1961-10-30 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba - most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated
  • 1963-10-09 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • 1966-03-17 US sub locates missing H-bomb in Mediterranean
  • 1966-04-07 US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor (whoops!)
  • 1966-12-08 US & USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space
  • 1967-01-27 Treaty signed banning military use of nuclear weapons in space
  • 1967-05-19 USSR ratifies treaty with Britain & US banning nuclear weapons in space
  • 1967-06-17 China becomes world's 4th thermonuclear (H-bomb) power
  • 1971-02-11 US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons
  • 1974-05-18 India becomes the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1974-11-24 Gerald Ford and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT-2 treaty to reduce each side's number of nuclear weapons

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1979-06-18 US President Carter & Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear weapons
  • 1981-11-30 Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17)
  • 1982-12-08 Norman Mayer holds Washington Monument hostage, demanding an end to nuclear weapons. Is killed by police after 10 hrs (he had no explosives)
  • 1983-03-08 House Foreign Affairs Com endorses nuclear weapons freeze with USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983-05-03 Soviet leader Yuri Andropov decreases nuclear weapons in Europe

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
  • 1983-05-03 US bishops condemn nuclear weapons
  • 1983-11-18 Argentina announces its ability to produce enriched uranium for nuclear weapons
  • 1985-02-04 Naval exercises canceled when US refuses to tell NZ if nuclear weapons aboard USS Buchanan
  • 1986-07-14 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
  • 1987-06-08 New Zealand's Labour government legislates against nuclear weapons and nuclear powered vessels in NZ. Only nation to legislate against nuclear power.
  • 1991-07-31 Russia & US sign long range nuclear weapons reduction pact
  • 1991-10-05 USSR reduces nuclear weapons arsenal
  • 1995-08-06 Thousands gather in Hiroshima for the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city
  • 2007-08-29 A United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident takes place at Minot Air Force Base and Barksdale Air Force Base.
  • 2016-01-06 North Korea states that they have successfully tested a thermonuclear weapon

Famous Birthdays

  • 1887-09-14 Karl Taylor Compton, physicist/atomic bomb scientist
  • 1892-06-22 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • 1898-02-11 Leo Szilard, Hungary, physicist/A-bomb worker/peace activist
  • 1900-11-18 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1901-10-03 Masao Oki, Japanese composer (Symphony No.5 Atomic Bomb), born in Iwata, Shizuoka (d. 1971)
  • 1902-03-02 Edward Uhler Condon, atomic scientist (Manhattan Project)
  • 1902-10-22 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, born in Hamilton, Ontario
  • 1903-01-12 Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist - helped develop 1st Soviet nuclear weapon
  • 1903-11-11 Thomas Edward Allibone, Sheffield South Yorkshire, English Physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904-04-22 Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist known as the father of the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908-01-15 Edward Teller, fathered H-bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-11-11 Raemer Schreiber, American physicist (Manhattan Project) who helped develop the first atomic bomb during World War II and prepared the Fat Man bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki, born in McMinnville, Oregon (d. 1998)

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • 1910-12-01 Louis Slotin, Winnipeg Manitoba, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device
  • 1919-06-18 Jerome Karle, New York, chemist (Nobel 1985) and Manhattan Project member, (d. 2013)
  • 1940-02-02 Thomas M[ichael] Disch, US, sci-fi author (Genocides, 102 H-Bombs)
  • 1943-01-07 Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb (d. 1955)
  • 1947-01-21 Jill Eikenberry, (Ann Kelsey-LA Law, Manhattan Project), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1968-03-13 Christopher Collett, American actor (Manhattan Project), born in NYC, New York

Famous Deaths

  • 1965-08-02 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967-02-18 Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist known as the father of the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), dies of throat cancer at 62

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1971-04-18 Masao Oki, Japanese composer (Symphony No.5 Atomic Bomb), dies at 69
  • 1982-12-07 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) but later opposed nuclear weapons, dies at 82
  • 1984-12-15 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1998-12-24 Raemer Schreiber, American Physicist (Manhattan Project) who helped develop the first atomic bomb during World War II and prepared the Fat Man bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki, dies at 88

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • 2003-09-09 Thomas Edward Allibone, English Physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), dies at 99
  • 2007-08-15 John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (b. 1918)
  • 2010-01-04 Tsutomu Yamaguchi, Japanese Businessman, and Survivor of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bombings (b. 1916)