- 1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes
- 1620 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast
- 1805 Lewis & Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
- 1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score & seven years ago..."
- 1942 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
- 1969 Apollo 12's Charles Conrad & Alan Bean become 3rd & 4th humans on the Moon
- 1985 US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for first time
- 1990 Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned they did not sing on their award-winning "Girl You Know Its True" album
- 1953 US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport not a business
American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
On this day in 1895
McCaughey septuplets born to Bobbi McCaughey in Des Moines, Iowa. First set of septuplets to survive infancy.
On this day in 1997