Surrealists in History

Historical Events

  • 1924-10-11 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1924-10-15 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1924-12-01 "La Révolution surréaliste" publishes its first issue in Paris, edited by André Breton
  • 1936-06-11 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England

Famous Birthdays

  • 1891-04-02 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), born in Brühl, German Empire (d. 1976)
  • 1897-09-23 Paul Delvaux, Belgian painter (surrealist)
  • 1898-11-21 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), born in Lessines, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1900-01-05 Yves Tanguy, French surrealist painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • 1900-02-22 Luis Buñuel, Calanda Spain, Spanish surrealist film director (Belle de Jour)
  • 1901-07-15 Pyke F C Koch, Dutch surrealistic painter (Dolores' Breakfast)
  • 1901-09-02 Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)

Person of interestSalvador Dali

1904-05-11 Salvador Dali, Spanish surrealist artist (Crucifixion), born in Figueres, Spain (d. 1989)

Painter Salvador Dali
Painter
Salvador Dali
  • 1905-01-08 Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and surrealist poet, born in La Spezia, Italy (d. 1998)
  • 1905-12-30 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1908-12-16 Remedios Varo, Anglès Spain, Spain-Mexican Surrealist artist
  • 1909-01-06 Joop Moesman, Dutch surrealist painter (Rumor), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1909-04-30 F. E. McWilliam [Frederick Edward], Northern-Irish surrealist sculptor (Four Seasons Group), born in Banbridge, County Down (d. 1992)
  • 1910-02-20 Julian Trevelyan, English Surrealist painter/collage maker
  • 1917-04-06 Leonora Carrington, Clayton-le-Woods UK, British-Mexican Surrealist artist
  • 1917-11-22 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France
  • 1943-10-02 Franklin Rosemont, American poet, artist and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1963-12-22 Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American surrealist painter, born in Hokkaido, Japan

Famous Deaths

  • 1593-07-11 Giuseppe Arcimboldo, 1st surrealist painter, dies (birth date unkn)
  • 1903-01-04 Geo[rge J H] Poggenbeek, Dutch surrealist painter, dies at 49
  • 1942-02-02 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, dies of starvation during the siege of Leningrad at 36
  • 1955-01-15 Yves Tanguy, French-American sailor/surrealistic painter, dies
  • 1963-10-08 Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican surrealist artist dies of a heart attack aged 54
  • 1967-08-15 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), dies at 68
  • 1976-04-01 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), dies at 85
  • 1987-10-28 Andre Masson, French surrealist artist (Labyrinth), dies at 91
  • 1988-08-09 Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and surrealist poet, dies at 83

Person of interestSalvador Dali

1989-01-23 Salvador Dali, Spanish surrealist artist (Crucifixion), dies of heart failure at 84

Painter Salvador Dali
Painter
Salvador Dali
  • 1990-10-20 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter dies at 72
  • 1992-05-13 F. E. McWilliam [Frederick Edward], Northern-Irish surrealist sculptor (Four Seasons Group), dies at 83
  • 1994-07-20 Paul Delvaux, Belgian surrealist painter, dies at 96
  • 2011-05-25 Leonora Carrington, British-Mexican Surrealist artist dies aged 94
  • 2014-05-12 H. R. Giger, Swiss Oscar-winning surrealist artist, dies from injuries from a fall at 74