On This Day

Famous Birthdays on April 1

  • 1220 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
  • 1283 Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
  • 1543 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
  • 1578 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1657)
  • 1582 Thomas Simpson, English composer who worked in Germany, born in Kent (d. 1628)
  • 1610 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
  • 1621 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, ninth Nanak, 9th of 10 Guru of the Sikhs, born in Amritsar, India (d. 1675)
  • 1640 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
  • 1643 Christian Demelius, composer
  • 1647 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
  • 1697 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • 1721 Pieter Hellendaal, Dutch violinist/organist/composer (Glees)
  • 1725 Francois Bainville, composer
  • 1753 Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1755 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • 1765 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

  • 1772 Ignaz Franz von Mosel, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1844)

Person of interestSophie Germain

1776 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Sophie Germain
  • 1785 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1802 Hubert Reis, German composer and violinist, born in Bonn (d. 1886)
  • 1807 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • 1809 Willem Ruys J Dz, Dutch ship owner

Person of interestOtto von Bismarck

1815 Otto von Bismarck, German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, born in Schönhausen, Prussia (d. 1898)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1817 Johannes J van Oosterzee, Dutch theologist
  • 1823 Simón Bolívar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1914)
  • 1834 Isidore Edouard Legouix, composer
  • 1834 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1843 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1847 Gavriil Musicescu, composer
  • 1847 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
  • 1852 Edward Austin Abbey, American painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 1854 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • 1856 Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician who identified the plague in Bombay, born in Apora, Portuguese India (d. 1933)
  • 1858 Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
  • 1858 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • 1864 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer

  • 1865 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1866 Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist/composer/conductor (Arlecchino), born in Empoli (d. 1924)
  • 1866 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
  • 1868 Edmond Rostand, French poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
  • 1869 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • 1871 F Melius Christiansen, composer
  • 1872 Tadeusz Joteyko, Polish conductor, composer, and musicologist (Zygmunt August), born in Poczujki, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1873 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)

Person of interestEdgar Wallace

1875 Edgar Wallace, English novelist, playwright and journalist (The Terror, The Four Just Men) who created King Kong, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1932)

  • 1878 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • 1880 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • 1882 Paul Anspach, Belgian fencer (Olympic gold individual epée, team epée 1912), born in Burcht, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • 1883 Leonidas "Lon" Chaney, American actor nicknamed "the man of a 1000 faces" (The Hunchback Of Notre Dame, The Phantom of the Opera), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1930)
  • 1883 Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov, Russian Soviet composer, born in Plakhino, Ryazan Governorate (d. 1946) [OS date]
  • 1884 Laurette Taylor [Helen Loretta Cooney], American actress (Peg o' My Heart), born in NYC, New York (d. 1946)
  • 1884 Hugo Bezdek, Czech American College Football Hall of Fame coach (University of Oregon, University of Arkansas, Penn State; NFL: Cleveland Browns; MLB: Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1952)
  • 1885 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • 1886 Casimir von Pászthory, Austrian composer, born in Budapest (d. 1966)

Person of interestWallace Beery

1886 Wallace Beery, American circus performer (Ringling Brothers Circus) & actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1949)

  • 1887 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • 1891 Frank Rankin, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame rover (Toronto Eatons, Toronto St. Michael's Majors) and coach (Toronto Granites-Canada Olympic gold 1924), born in Stratford, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • 1893 Cicely Courtneidge, Australian actress (Double Exposure), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 1980)
  • 1895 Alberta Hunter, blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues)
  • 1897 Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
  • 1897 Doc Alexander, American College Football Hall of Fame guard (Syracuse; All Pro 1921, 22; Rochester Jeffersons; NFL C'ship 1925; NY Giants), born in Silver Creek, New York (d. 1975)
  • 1898 Nita Naldi [Anita Donna Dooley], American actress (Blood & Sand), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • 1898 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
  • 1898 Roger Bastide, French sociologist
  • 1898 William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
  • 1899 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1900 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Stefanie Clausen, Danish diver (Olympic gold 10m platform 1920), born in Vesterbro, Denmark (d. 1981)
  • 1901 Boris Koutzen, Russian violinist, composer & educator, born in Uman, Russia (now Ukraine) (d. 1966)
  • 1901 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • 1901 Johnny Farrell, American golfer (US Open 1928), born in White Plains, NY (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • 1904 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)

Person of interestGaston Eyskens

1905 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1988)

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • 1905 Winfried P I Zillig, German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica)
  • 1906 Ned Glass, Polish-American actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie), born in Poland (d. 1984)
  • 1906 Sigve Lie, Norwegian sailor (Olympic gold dragon class 1948, 52), born in Haugesund, Norway (d. 1958)
  • 1907 Walter Kaufmann, composer
  • 1908 Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
  • 1909 Abner Biberman, American director and actor (His Girl Friday, The Leopard Man), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1977)
  • 1909 Eddy Duchin, American pianist and bandleader (Eddy Duchin Orchestra), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1951)
  • 1911 Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
  • 1911 Gunther Rennert, opera director and producer, born in Essen, Germany
  • 1911 Joe Fortenberry, American basketball forward (captain Olympic gold 1936), born in Leo, Texas (d. 1993)
  • 1914 Carla van Neste, Belgian violinist
  • 1914 Lor Tok [Sawong Supsamruay], Thai comedian and actor (Ngern, Ngern, Ngern), born in Bangkok Yai, Thailand (d. 2002)
  • 1915 Art Lund, Salt Lake City Utah, singer (Ken Murray Show)
  • 1915 Otto Wilhelm Fischer, Austrian actor (Helden, Ich suche dich), born in Klosterneuburg, Austria-Hungary (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Jeff Heath, Canadian baseball outfielder (MLB All Star 1941, 43, 45; Cleveland Indians), born in Fort William, Ontario (d. 1975)
  • 1917 Johnny Andrews, singer/host (Songs at Twilight), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1917 Leon Janney (Ramon), American actor (Charly, Stolen Paradise, Hawk), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 1980)
  • 1919 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)

Person of interestToshiro Mifune

1920 Toshiro Mifune, Japanese writer and actor (Rashomon, Seven Samurai, Shogun), born in Tsingtao, China (d. 1997)

Actor & Writer Toshiro Mifune
Actor & Writer
Toshiro Mifune
  • 1921 Douglas Allenbrook, composer
  • 1921 William L Bergsma, American composer (Fortunate Island), born in Oakland, California
  • 1921 Ken Reardon, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame defenseman and executive (Stanley Cup 1946; NHL All-Star 1946-50; Montreal Canadiens), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 2008)
  • 1921 Beau Jack, American boxer (NYSAC world lightweight champion 1942-44), born in Waynesboro, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • 1922 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1922 Emil 'Bus' Mosbacher, American yachtsman (America's Cup 1962 [Weatherly], 1967 [Intrepid]), born in White Plains, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Robert "Bobby" Jordan, American actor (Dead End Kids, Kid Dynamite, Flying Wild), born in Harrison, New York (d. 1965)
  • 1924 Gunther Becker, composer
  • 1924 Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1924 Čkalja [Miodrag Petrović], Serbian actor and one of the most popular comedians of former Yugoslavia, born in Kruševac, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Sala Burton, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-87), born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1987)

Person of interestAnne McCaffrey

1926 Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, American sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

Sci-Fi Author Anne McCaffrey
Sci-Fi Author
Anne McCaffrey
  • 1926 Lyndon Brook, British actor (Invasion, Reach for the Sky), born in York, England (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Charles Bressler, American tenor
  • 1926 Denis Lalanne, French sports journalist ('Le grand combat du XV de France'; 'Rugbymania: French flair attitude'), born in Pau, France (d. 2019)
  • 1927 Amos Milburn, R&B singer and pianist, born in Houston, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1927 Walter Bahr, American soccer midfielder (19 caps) and coach (Penn State), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Dimitri Frenkel Frank, Dutch writer/director (Hadimassa)
  • 1928 George Grizzard, American Emmy and Tony Award-winning actor (Wrong is Right, Bachelor Party, Attica), born in Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Herbert Klein, newscaster/press secretary
  • 1929 Jane Powell, American singer and actress (7 Brides for 7 Brothers), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1929 Milan Kundera, Czech poet and writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1929 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator
  • 1929 Bo Schembechler Jr., American College Football Hall of Fame tackle (Miami U), coach (Miami U 1963-68, University of Michigan 1969-89; career record 234–65–8), and administrator (Michigan), born in Barberton, Ohio (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Grace Lee Whitney, American singer and actress (Yeoman Rand-Star Trek), born in Ann Arbor, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1930 Joan Franks-Williams, composer
  • 1930 Dennis Young, New Zealand rugby union hooker (22 caps; Canterbury 139 games), born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 2020)

  • 1931 George Baker, Bulgarian-born British actor (I, Claudius, Goodbye Mr Chips, Curse of the Fly), born in Varna, Bulgaria (d. 2011)
  • 1931 Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Der Stellvertreter), born in Eschwege, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Illse "Ita" Ever, Estonian actress (Miss Marple- "Chyornykh drozdov"), born in Paide, Järva County
  • 1931 Charles Price, American Businessman and diplomat, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Debbie Reynolds, American actress (Kathy Selden-Singin' in the Rain, The Unsinkable Molly Brown), born in El Paso, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Gordon Jump, American actor (Arthur Carlson-WKRP, Growing Pains), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Jiri Smutny, Czech composer, born in Prague
  • 1933 Dan Flavin, American minimalist sculptor, born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Stan Weston, US toy licensing agent, had concept for G.I. Joe, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1933 Robert Shavlakadze, Georgian high jumper (Olympic gold high jump for Soviet Union 1960), born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 2020)
  • 1934 Jim Ed Brown, American country music singer (Nashville on the Road), born in Sparkman, Arkansas
  • 1934 Don Hastings, American actor (Capt Video, Bob-As the World Turns), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1934 Vladimir Posner, Russian-French-American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris
  • 1935 Hans H Boswinkel, actor and director (Surprise Attack, Tutorials in Love)
  • 1935 John Murray, England cricket wicketkeeper (21 Tests; 55 dismissals), born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • 1935 Larry McDonald, American politician (d. 1983)
  • 1935 Billy Whelan, Irish soccer forward (4 caps, Rep Ireland; Manchester United 79 games; died Munich air disaster), born in Dublin, Republic of Ireland (d. 1958)
  • 1936 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, president of the Confederation in 1989 and 1996 (d. 1998)
  • 1936 Ron Perranoski, American MLB pitcher (World Series 1963, 65; LA Dodgers; AL saves leader 1969, 70) and coach (World Series 1981, 88; LAD), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • 1938 John Quade, American actor
  • 1939 Ali MacGraw, American actress (Love Story, Goodbye Columbus), born in Pound Ridge, New York
  • 1939 Phil Niekro, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (no-hitter 1973; 5 x MLB All Star; 5 x Gold Glove; Milwaukee / Atlanta Braves), born in Blaine, Ohio
  • 1939 Rudolph Isley, rocker (Isley Brothers-Shout), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1939 Nick Peters, American Baseball Hall of Fame writer (Oakland Tribune, Sacramento Bee, Berkeley Gazette, San Francisco Chronicle), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2015)
  • 1939 Vitali Davydov, Russian ice hockey defenceman (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72; HC Dynamo Moscow), born in Moscow, Russia

Person of interestWangari Maathai

1940 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), born in Ihithe village, Kenya (d. 2011)

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
  • 1940 Annie Nightingale, English broadcaster, 1st BBC Radio 1 female presenter, born in London
  • 1941 Ajit Wadekar, Indian cricket batsman and captain (37 Tests; top score 143), born in Mumbai, India (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Alan Blakley, English rocker (Brian Poole & The Tremeloes)
  • 1942 Danny Brooks, rocker (Dovells)

  • 1942 Phil Margo, rock vocalist (Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1942 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, American sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)
  • 1944 Carol White, England, actress (Daddy's Gone a Hunting)
  • 1944 Rusty Staub, American baseball utility (6 x MLB All Star; Houston Colt .45s / Astros; Montreal Expos; NY Mets; Detroit Tigers) and broadcaster (Mets games 1986-95), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2018)
  • 1945 Heather Young, American actress (Land of the Giants), born in Bremerton
  • 1945 John Barbata, American drummer (Turtles-Happy Together, Elenore), born in Passiac, New Jersey
  • 1945 Kenny Buttrey, American influential drummer, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Manfred Stengl, Austrian luger (Olympic gold men's doubles 1964), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1992)
  • 1946 Ronnie "Plonk" Lane, English rock bassist (Small Faces-Hey Girl), born in London, England
  • 1946 William Frederick Fisher, American MD & astronaut (STS 51-I), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1946 Arrigo Sacchi, Italian soccer coach (Italy national team 1991-96; Serie A 1987-88; European Cup 1989, 90; AC Milan; Atlético Madrid, Parma), born in Fusignano, Italy
  • 1947 Alain Connes, French mathematician
  • 1947 Robin Scott, English singer (M), born in London
  • 1947 Norm Van Lier, American basketball point guard (NBA All Star 1974, 76, 77; Chicago Bulls) and broadcaster (Comcast SportsNet), born in East Liverpool, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • 1948 Jimmy Cliff [James Chambers], Jamaican Reggae singer, born in St James, Jamaica
  • 1948 Simon Crowe, rock drummer (Boomtown Rats-Maxinguaye)
  • 1948 J. J. Williams, Welsh rugby winger (30 caps Wales, 7 British & Irish Lions), born in Nantyffyllon, Wales
  • 1948 Willie Montañez, Puerto Rican baseball first baseman (MLB All Star 1977; Philadelphia Phillies, Atlanta Braves), born in Cataño, Puerto Rico
  • 1948 Javier Irureta, Spanish soccer midfielder (6 caps; Atlético Madrid, Athletic Bilbao) and manager (Deportivo La Coruña 1998-2005), born in Irun, Spain
  • 1949 Gill Scott-Heron, American writer and singer (Whitey on the Moon), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1949 Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman (Engie), born in Paris, France
  • 1949 Sammy Nelson, Irish soccer left back (51 caps Northern Ireland; Arsenal), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1949 Paul Manafort, American political consultant (Trump campaign chairman), born in New Britain, Connecticut
  • 1950 Ed[uardus] HTM Nijpels, Dutch minister of Environment (VVD)
  • 1950 Leonard van Spirit, Dutch-British food magnate
  • 1950 Billy Currie, English rock keyboardist and violinist (Ultravox), born in Huddersfield
  • 1950 Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (2006-), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1951 John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander
  • 1952 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)
  • 1952 Annette O'Toole, actress (Cat People, Superman III), born in Houston, Texas

  • 1952 Tirso Cruz III, Filipino actor and singer, born in Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines
  • 1952 Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher
  • 1953 Aftab Baloch, Pakistan cricket batsman (2 Tests; 7th player to pass the 400 first class run milestone, 428 for Sind 1974), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1953 Barry Sonnenfeld, director (Get Shorty, Men in Black), born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Alberto Zaccheroni, Italian soccer manager (AC Milan, Lazio, Internazionale, Torino, Juventus, UAE, Japan), born in Meldola, Italy
  • 1953 Pavol Biroš, Slovak soccer defender (9 caps, Czechoslovakia; Slavia Prague), born in Prešov, Slovakia (d. 2020)
  • 1954 Jeff Porcaro, drummer/percussionist (Toto-Roxanne, Africa), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1954 Susumu Hirasawa, Japanese electropop musician, born in Nakagawa, Adachi, Tokyo
  • 1954 Giancarlo Antognoni, Italian soccer midfielder (73 caps; Fiorentina 341 games), born in Marsciano, Italy
  • 1955 Dan Pohl, American golfer (US Masters 1982 runner-up; 2 PGA Tour titles), born in Mt Pleasant, Michigan
  • 1955 Emmanuel [Acha], Mexican singer (Íntimamente, La Chica de Humo), born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1955 Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • 1955 Ockie Oosthuizen, South African rugby union front rower (9 caps; Transvaal), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2019)
  • 1957 David Gower, English cricket batsman and captain (117 Tests; 8,231 runs @ 44.25; 18 x 100; 114 ODIs), born in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England
  • 1957 Donnie Hammond, American golfer (2 PGA Tour titles), born in Frederick, Maryland
  • 1957 Peter Deutsch, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1958 Toni Innauer, Austrian ski jumper (Olympic gold individual normal hill 1980; silver long hill 1976), born in Bezau, Austria
  • 1958 D. Boon, American musician d. (1985)
  • 1960 Michael Praed, British actor