On This Day

Famous People Born in 1731

  • Feb 25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • Mar 7 Jean-Louis Laruette, French musician and composer of comic opera, born in Paris, France (d. 1792)
  • Mar 11 Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 4 Francesc Morera i Cots, Valencian composer, born in Sant Mateu (d. 1793)
  • Apr 23 William Williams, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1811)
  • May 11 Johann Gottfried Seyfert, composer
  • May 29 Orazio Mei, Italian composer, born in Pisa (d. 1788)

Person of interestMartha Washington

Jun 2 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802)

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Jul 3 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • Aug 4 Giuseppe Colla, composer
  • Sep 2 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 7 Damasus Brosmann, Moravian composer, born in Fulnek, Czech Republic (d. 1798)
  • Sep 7 Elisabetta de Gambarini, English composer, born in Holles Street, St Marylebone, Middlesex (d. 1765)
  • Sep 9 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)
  • Nov 1 Theodore-Jean Tarade, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1788)

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

Nov 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Nov 11 Carl Joseph Toeschi, German composer, born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • Nov 26 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (His Task), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1800)
  • Nov 27 Gaetano Pugnani, Italian violinist and composer, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1798)
  • Dec 6 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • Dec 8 František Xaver Dušek, Czech composer, born in Chotěborky, Jaroměř, Czech Republic (d. 1799)
  • Dec 12 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)
  • Dec 26 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)
  • Dec 28 Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master