Famous People Born in 1743

  • Jan 20 Pascal Boyer, French composer, born in Tarascon, Provence, France (d. 1794)
  • Jan 21 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)
  • Feb 8 Louis d'Affry, French general, military governor of Switzerland and mayor of Freiburg, born in Freiburg im Üechtland, Switzerland (d. 1810)

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks (1743-1820)

Feb 13 English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London

  • Feb 19 (Ridolfo) Luigi Boccherini, Italian cellist and composer, who worked in the Spanish court, born in Lucca, Kingdom Of Italy (d. 1803)
  • Mar 8 Bendix Friedrich Zinck, German composer, born in Husum, Holstein, Germany (d. 1801)

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

Apr 13 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia

  • Apr 24 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), born in Marnham, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1823)
  • Apr 30 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, born in Eefde, Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1814)
  • May 17 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader, born in Roxbury, Connecticut (d. 1784)

Toussaint LouvertureToussaint Louverture (1743-1803)

May 20 Haitian general, revolutionary and most famous of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, born in Cap-Français, French colony of Saint-Domingue

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat (1743-1793)

May 24 French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia

  • Jun 8 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • Jun 20 Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English poet and writer of hymns (Life! I Know Not What Thou Art), born in Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, England (d. 1825)
  • Jun 30 Niels Schiørring, Danish musician and composer, born in Favrskov Municipality, Denmark (d. 1798)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet and statesman, born in the Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, born in Vaucouleurs, France (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet (1743-1794)

Sep 17 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France

  • Sep 22 Quintin Craufurd, British author (friend of Marie Antoinette), born in Kilwinning, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • Sep 30 Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, Portuguese composer (Dixit Dominus), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1822)
  • Oct 5 Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer, born in Verona, Italy (d. 1818)
  • Nov 11 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist, born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (discovered uranium), born in Wernigerode, Brandenburg (d. 1817)
  • Dec 6 Franz Nikolaus Novotny, Austrian composer, born in Eisenstadt, Austria (d. 1773)
  • Dec 23 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian author and poet (Dushenka), born in Perevolochna, Cossack Hetmanate (d. 1803)