On This Day

Famous People Born in 1743

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 20 Pascal Boyer, composer
  • Jan 21 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

Person of interestJoseph Banks

Feb 13 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London (d. 1820)

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Feb 19 [Ridolfo] Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer, cellist (Minuet)
  • Mar 8 Bendix Friedrich Zinck, German composer, born in Husum, Holstein, Germany (d. 1801)

Person of interestThomas Jefferson

Apr 13 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Apr 24 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), born in Marnham, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1823)
  • Apr 30 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, born in Eefde, Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1814)
  • May 17 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader, born in Roxbury, Connecticut (d. 1784)

Person of interestJean-Paul Marat

May 24 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • Jun 8 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • Jun 20 Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English poet and writer of hymns (Life! I Know Not What Thou Art), born in Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, England (d. 1825)
  • Jun 30 Niels Schiørring, Danish musician and composer, born in Favrskov Municipality, Denmark (d. 1798)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, born in Vaucouleurs, France (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • Sep 17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

Person of interestMarquis de Condorcet

Sep 17 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), born in Ribemont, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • Sep 22 Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • Sep 30 Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, composer
  • Oct 5 Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer, born in Verona, Italy (d. 1818)
  • Nov 11 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • Dec 6 Franz Nikolaus Novotny, Austrian composer, born in Eisenstadt, Austria (d. 1773)
  • Dec 23 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)