On This Day

Famous People Born in 1746

  • Jan 11 Frantisek Adam Mica, composer
  • Jan 11 William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • Jan 12 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1827)

Gustav III

Jan 24 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm (d. 1792)

Tadeusz Kościuszko

Feb 4 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, born in Mereczowszczyzna, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1817)

  • Feb 16 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • Feb 26 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, Duchess and de facto ruler of Parma, daughter of Maria Therese of Austria and sister of Marie Antoinette, born in Vienna (d. 1806)
  • Feb 27 Gian Francesco Fortunati, Italian opera composer and maestro di cappella of Parma, born in Parma, Duchy of Parma (now Italy) (d. 1821)
  • Mar 5 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • Mar 8 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • Mar 13 Maurus Haberhauer, Czech composer, born in Svitavy, Czech Republic (d. 1799)
  • Mar 17 Jan Dawid Holland, Polish composer (d. 1827)
  • Mar 27 Augustin Ullinger, German composer, born in Ranoldsberg, Upper Bavaria (d. 1781)
  • Mar 27 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • Mar 27 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • Mar 30 Francisco Goya, Spanish court painter and etcher (The Second of May 1808), born in Fuendetodos, Spain (d. 1828)
  • Apr 11 Wentworth Cheswell, American auditor and teacher, 1st African American elected to public office in the US, born in Newmarket, New Hampshire (d. 1817)
  • Apr 23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)
  • May 10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • May 13 Oliver Brownson, American composer, and music publisher, mostly of hymns, born in Bolton, Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • May 19 Johann Friedrich Peter, composer
  • Jun 3 James Hook, English composer, born in Norwich (d. 1827)
  • Jun 24 Jean-Baptiste Rochefort, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1819)
  • Jul 2 Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, German-Danish composer, born in Husum, Germany (d. 1832)
  • Jul 7 Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith, composer
  • Jul 16 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), born in Ponte in Valtellina, Italy (d. 1826)
  • Jul 25 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)
  • Jul 28 Thomas Heyward, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in St. Luke's Parish, South Carolina (d. 1809)
  • Aug 2 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot (d. 1807)
  • Aug 7 Daniel Albert Wyttenbach, German-Swiss classical scholar and historian, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1820)
  • Aug 8 Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch poet of children's poems (Proeve van kleine gedigen voor Kinder), born in Gouda, The Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • Sep 4 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • Sep 20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • Sep 28 William Jones, British orientalist and jurist (Indo-European languages), born in London (d. 1794)
  • Sep 28 Giovanni Punto [Jan Václav Stich], Bohemian horn player and composer, born in Žehušice, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1803)
  • Sep 29 Ernst Ludwig Gerber, German organist, composer and musicologist, born in Sondershausen, Germany (d. 1819)
  • Oct 7 William Billings, American hymn composer (Rose of Sharon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1800)
  • Oct 27 Georg Anton Kreusser, German composer, born in Triefenstein, Germany (d. 1810)
  • Nov 6 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, born into slavery in Delaware (d. 1818)
  • Nov 12 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon

Tiradentes

Nov 12 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary and independence fighter (Inconfidência Mineira) considered a national hero, born in Fazenda do Pombal, Minas Gerais, Portuguese Colony of Brazil (d. 1792)

  • Nov 14 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal
  • Nov 15 Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (Colas et Colinette), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1809)

Robert R. Livingston

Nov 27 Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father who delivered oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York (d. 1813)

  • Nov 27 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1799)