On This Day

Famous People Born in 1749

  • Jan 12 Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian earl/prince/diplomat
  • Jan 13 Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
  • Jan 16 Vittorio Alfieri, Italian count, dramatist and poet (Maria Stuarda) who is considered the founder of Italian tragedy, born in Asti, Italy (d. 1803)
  • Jan 19 Isaiah Thomas, American printer/editor/publisher/historian
  • Jan 29 King Christian VII of Denmark (d. 1808)
  • Feb 22 Johann Nikolaus Forkel, musicologist/1st biographer of Bach

Comte de Mirabeau

Mar 9 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), born in Le Bignon, France (d. 1791)

  • Mar 10 Lorenzo da Ponte [Emanuele Conegliano], Italian librettist (Don Giovanni), born in Ceneda, Republic of Venice (d. 1838)
  • Mar 19 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • Mar 23 Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen, German composer (d. 1802)
  • Mar 23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • Mar 24 Bernard Jumentier, French composer, primarily of sacred music, born in Lèves, France (d. 1829)
  • Mar 26 William Blount, American statesman and signer of United States Constitution, born in Windsor, North Carolina (d. 1800)
  • Apr 13 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count and vice-admiral, born in Wageningen, Netherlands (d. 1828)
  • Apr 21 Johann Michael Malzat, Austrian composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1787)
  • May 5 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1794)
  • May 15 Levi Lincoln, Sr., American revolutionary, statesman, politician, and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)

Edward Jenner

May 17 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of (western) immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, born in Berkeley (d. 1823)

  • Jun 15 George Joseph Vogler, German composer, organist and teacher, born in Würzburg (d. 1814)
  • Jun 19 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, born in Paris (d. 1796)
  • Jun 23 Konrad Back, German monastic composer, born in Haigerloch (d. 1810)
  • Jun 26 Louis Joseph Claude Saint-Amans, French composer, born in Marseille, France (d. 1820)
  • Aug 5 Thomas Lynch, American lawyer, signer pf the US Declaration of Independence, born in Winyah, South Carolina
  • Aug 26 Johann Ernst Rembt, German organist and composer, born in Suhl, Germany (d. 1810)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Aug 28 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

  • Aug 31 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • Sep 8 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, favorite of Marie Antoinette at Versailles, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • Sep 8 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, born in Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Savoy (d. 1792)
  • Oct 4 Jean-Louis Duport, French cellist and composer, born in France (d. 1819)
  • Nov 3 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • Nov 10 Prince Maciej Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian noble, composer and librettist, born in Szydłowiec, Poland (d. 1800)
  • Nov 23 Edward Rutledge, American founding father (Governor of South Carolina, signer of the Declaration of Independence), born in Charleston, British America
  • Dec 17 Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (Il Matrimonio Segreto), born in Aversa, Italy (d. 1801)
  • Dec 23 Johann Lukas Schubaur, German composer, baptized in Lechfeld (d. 1815)