On This Day

Famous People Born in 1755

  • Jan 7 Stephen Groombridge, English Astronomer (Catalogue of Circumpolar Stars), born in Goudhurst, Kent (d. 1832)

Alexander Hamilton

Jan 11 Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), born in Charlestown, Nevis, West Indies (d. 1804)

  • Feb 3 Florido Tomeoni, composer
  • Feb 11 Albert Christoph Dies, German painter, engraver and biographer of Josef Haydn, born in Hanover (d. 1822)
  • Feb 13 Francois Alexander Sallantin, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1816)
  • Feb 19 Pieter G van Overstraten, governor-general of Neth-Indies
  • Mar 2 Antoine-Frederic Gresnick, composer
  • Mar 10 Philipp Christoph Kayser, composer
  • Mar 12 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • Mar 14 Pierre-Louis Couperin, French organist and composer (d. 1789)
  • Mar 24 Rufus King, American politician and framer of US constitution, born in Scarborough, Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • Apr 1 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • Apr 4 Vincenc Mašek, Bohemian composer, born in Zvíkovec, Czech Republic (d. 1831)
  • Apr 10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • Apr 11 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, born in Shoreditch, London (d. 1824)
  • Apr 16 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • Apr 27 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)
  • May 19 Gabriele Prota, composer
  • May 21 Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)
  • Jun 1 Frederico Fiorillo, Italian violist/composer

Nathan Hale

Jun 6 Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War patriot, "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country.", born in Coventry, Connecticut, North American Colonies (d. 1776)

  • Jun 15 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)
  • Jun 25 Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia, born in Prenzlau, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1776)
  • Jun 30 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, born in Fox-Amphoux, France (d. 1829)
  • Jul 5 Sarah Kemble Siddons, English tragic actress (Fatal Marriage), born in Brecon, Wales (d. 1831)
  • Jul 6 John Flaxman, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey tomb stones)
  • Jul 22 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • Jul 29 Franz Gotz, Bohemian composer, born in Strašice (d. 1815)
  • Aug 1 Antonio Capuzzi, Italian violinist and composer, born in Brescia, Italy (d. 1818)
  • Aug 4 Nicolas-Jacque Conte, French painter and inventor (modern pencil), born in Aunou-sur-Orne, France (d. 1805)
  • Aug 8 Luigi Marchesi, composer
  • Aug 31 Johann Ignaz Walter, German opera singer and composer, born in Perutz, Bohemia (d. 1822)
  • Sep 4 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)
  • Sep 9 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Rhode Island), born in Bristol, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British America (d. 1808)
  • Sep 13 Oliver Evans, American inventor who pioneered high-pressure steam engine, born in Newport, Delaware (d. 1819)

John Marshall

Sep 24 John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), born in Germantown, Virginia (d. 1835)

  • Oct 31 Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronomist, born in Zottergem, Belgium (d. 1846)

Marie Antoinette

Nov 2 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

  • Nov 12 Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussia military official, minister of War (1807-10)
  • Nov 15 Jan Blanken, Dutch hydraulic engineer, born in Bergambacht, Netherlands (d. 1838)

Louis XVIII

Nov 17 Louis XVIII, 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), born in Versailles, France (d. 1824)

  • Dec 3 Gilbert Stuart, American portrait painter (unfinished portrait of George Washington), born in Saunderstown, Rhode Island (d. 1828)
  • Dec 27 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36)