On This Day

Famous People Born in 1774

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • Jan 24 Karl Moser, German composer and violinist, born in Berlin (1851)
  • Feb 11 Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
  • Feb 15 W G Frederik, prince of Orange
  • Feb 16 Pierre Rode, French composer and violinist, born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (d. 1830)
  • Feb 17 Raphaelle Peale, American painter (After the Rain-1823)
  • Feb 24 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)
  • Mar 5 Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse, composer
  • Mar 16 Matthew Flinders, English navigator/cartographer (coast Australia)
  • Mar 20 John Braham, English tenor singer and composer, born in London (d. 1856)
  • Apr 17 Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, Czech composer, born in Skuteč, Bohemia (d. 1850)
  • Apr 21 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • Apr 26 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Stolpe an der Oder, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1853)
  • Apr 28 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, born in Newbury, Berkshire, England (d. 1844)
  • May 7 William Bainbridge, American naval officer, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1833)
  • May 27 Francis Beaufort, Irish admiral and hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale), born in Navan, County Meath, Ireland (d. 1857)

  • Jun 2 William Lawson, English born explorer of New South Wales, Australia, born in Finchley, England (d. 1850)
  • Jun 21 Daniel D. Tompkins, American politician, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), born in Scarsdale, New York (d. 1825)
  • Jun 23 Matthijs Siegenbeek, Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • Jun 24 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French Army general, born in Lunéville, France (d. 1838)
  • Jul 20 Auguste Marmont, French marshal, born in Châtillon-sur-Seine, France (d. 1852)
  • Aug 12 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), born in Bristol, England (d. 1843)

Person of interestMeriwether Lewis

Aug 18 Meriwether Lewis, American explorer, soldier and public administrator who helped lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition, born in Ivy, Virginia (d. 1809)

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis

Person of interestElizabeth Ann Bayley Seton

Aug 28 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st American Catholic saint (1975), born in NYC, New York (d. 1821)

1st American-born Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
1st American-born Saint
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
  • Sep 8 Anna Katharina Emmerick, Roman Catholic Augustinian Canoness Regular of Windesheim, Marian visionary, ecstatic and stigmatist, born in Coesfeld, Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1824)
  • Sep 14 Lord William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, British soldier and statesman (Governor-General of India, 1828-1835), born in Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1839)
  • Sep 17 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal, linguist and hyperpolyglot (understood 70 languages), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1849)
  • Sep 26 Johnny Appleseed [John Chapman], American pioneer nurseryman (introduced apple trees to Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois), born in Leominster, Massachusetts (d. 1845)
  • Oct 7 Ferdinando Orlandi, composer
  • Oct 14 Hubert Matthijs Adriaan Jan van Asch van Wijck, Dutch lawyer and politician, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • Oct 18 Adolf Muller, German dramatist and critic, born near Weissenfels (d. 1829)
  • Nov 14 Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini, composer
  • Nov 15 William Horsley, English musician and composer, born in London (d. 1858)
  • Nov 18 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (1815-37), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1837)
  • Nov 24 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • Dec 20 Guillaume-Perre-Antoine Gatayes, French composer & guitarist, born in Paris, France
  • Dec 30 Pieter G Witsen Geysbeek, Dutch historian/literary [or Dec 31]