On This Day

Famous People Born in 1778

  • Jan 3 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • Jan 5 Fortunato Santini, Italian priest & composer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1861)
  • Jan 6 Thomas Lincoln, American farmer, carpenter, and father President Abraham Lincoln, born in Linville Creek, Virginia (d. 1851)
  • Jan 13 Anton Fischer, composer
  • Jan 24 Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French King Charles X
  • Jan 26 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis)
  • Jan 31 Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat, Austrian premiere of Bohemia (1848)
  • Feb 4 A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
  • Feb 6 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis), born in Zakynthos Island, Greece (d. 1827)
  • Feb 12 Franz Joseph Volkert, Austrian composer, conductor and organist, born in Vienna (d.1845)
  • Feb 14 Fernando Sor, Spanish classical guitarist, and composer (Twelve Studies), baptized in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1839)
  • Feb 22 Rembrandt Peale, American portrait and historical painter (Margaret Irvine Miller ,1805; Court of Death, 1820), and museum keeper (Baltimore), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1860)

José de San Martín

Feb 25 José de San Martín, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina (d. 1850)

  • Mar 3 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
  • Mar 8 Friedrich August Kanne, Austrian-German composer, born in Delitzsch, Saxony (d. 1833)
  • Mar 19 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • Mar 31 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Funk, early American composer, born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • Apr 10 William Hazlitt, English essayist and critic, born in Kent, England (d. 1830)
  • May 8 Johann Baptist Gansbacher, Austrian composer, born in Sterzing, Tyrol, Italy (d. 1844)
  • May 18 Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (d. 1854)
  • May 28 Friedrich Westenholz, German composer, born in Ludwigslust, Germany (d. 1840)
  • Jun 7 Beau [George Bryan] Brummel, English dandy, born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • Jul 7 Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini, composer
  • Jul 10 Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm, Austrian composer and royal chaplain master, born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1858)
  • Jul 28 Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1869)
  • Jul 29 Carl Borromaus Neuner, German composer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1830)
  • Aug 11 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, born in Lanz, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • Aug 12 Francis Horner, politician
  • Aug 20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)
  • Sep 2 Leopold F. J. J. J. van Sassen Ysselt, Dutch politician
  • Sep 2 Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)
  • Sep 3 Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer, French violinist and composer, born in Versailles, France (d. 1832)
  • Sep 4 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of Netherlands (1806-10), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Kingdom of France (d. 1846)
  • Sep 8 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • Sep 19 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, born in Cowgate, Edinburgh (d. 1868)
  • Nov 1 Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1792-1809), born in Stockholm Palace, Sweden (d. 1837)
  • Nov 14 Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian piano virtuoso and composer, born in Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary (now Bratislava, Slovakia) (d. 1837)
  • Nov 25 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, born in Birmingham (d. 1856)
  • Nov 27 John Murray II, Scottish publisher (publisher Lord Byron) (d. 1843)
  • Dec 6 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist, born in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, Kingdom of France (d. 1850)
  • Dec 15 Godert van der Capellen, Dutch governor-general (Dutch-Indies), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • Dec 17 Humphry Davy, English chemist, studied electro-chemistry, invented the Davy lamp), born in Penzance, Cornwall, England (d. 1829)

Joseph Grimaldi

Dec 18 Joseph Grimaldi, English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", born in London (d. 1837)

  • Dec 19 Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • Dec 21 Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish politician, born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1860)
  • Dec 26 Juan Lovera, Venezuela, artist
  • Dec 28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)