On This Day

Famous People Born in 1791

  • Jan 6 Jose Melchor Gomiz, Spanish composer, born in Ontinyent, Spain (d. 1836)
  • Jan 8 Jacob Collamer, American politician (Sen-Vt), born in Troy, New York (d. 1865)
  • Jan 14 Calvin Phillips, American midget & shortest known adult male (67 cm; 2' 2"), born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts (d. 1812)
  • Jan 15 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1872)
  • Jan 28 (Louis Joseph) Ferdinand Hérold, French pianist, violinist, and composer of over twenty operas, born in Paris (d. 1833)
  • Feb 1 Charles-Joseph Sax, Belgian music instrument builder of wind and brass instruments whose son invented the saxophone, born in Dinant, Wallonia, Belgium (d. 1865)
  • Feb 12 Jan D Zocher Jr., Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • Feb 12 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), born in NYC, New York (d. 1883)
  • Feb 20 Carl Czerny, Czech-Austrian pianist, composer (Schule der Virtuosen), and teacher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1857)
  • Mar 6 Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter of miniatures, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)
  • Mar 9 George Hayward, American surgeon, 1st to use ether (d. 1863)
  • Mar 15 Charles Knight, English publisher (The Penny Cyclopaedia), born in Windsor, England (d. 1873)
  • Mar 31 Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki, Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1862)
  • Apr 9 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)
  • Apr 12 Francis Preston Blair, American journalist and newspaper editor (Washington Globe), born in Abingdon, Virginia (d. 1876)
  • Apr 13 Félix de Mérode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War and Finance, born in Maastricht, Belgium (d. 1857)

James Buchanan

Apr 23 James Buchanan, 15th US President (1857-61), born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)

  • Apr 23 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1859)
  • Apr 24 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1855)

Samuel Morse

Apr 27 Samuel Morse, American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1872)

  • May 11 Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek, composer
  • May 15 Baron Floris A van Hall, Dutch minister of Justice/Finance
  • May 29 Pietro Romani, Italian conductor and composer, born in Rome (d. 1877)
  • Jun 9 John Howard Payne, American actor, playwright (Fair Warning), author and creator of the hit song "Home! Sweet Home!", born in NYC, New York (d. 1852)
  • Jun 21 Robert Napier, Scottish marine engineer, born in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (d. 1876)
  • Jun 30 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (law of Biot & Savart), born in Mézières, France (d. 1841)
  • Jul 9 Nicolás Ledesma, Spanish organist and composer, born in Grisel, Spain (d. 1883)
  • Jul 26 Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer and 6th child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1844)
  • Sep 1 Lydia Sigourney, American religious author (How to Be Happy)
  • Sep 3 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1862)
  • Sep 5 Giacomo Meyerbeer, German opera composer (Gott und die Natur - God and Nature), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1864)
  • Sep 20 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika), born in Ufa, Russian Empire (d. 1859) [NS 10/01]

Michael Faraday

Sep 22 Michael Faraday, English scientist, discovered electromagnetic induction, invented 1st electric motor, born in Newington Butts, England (d. 1867)

  • Sep 23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • Sep 23 Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)
  • Sep 26 Théodore Géricault, French painter (The Raft of the Medusa), born in Rouen, Normandy, France (d. 1824)
  • Oct 1 Sergey Aksakov, Russian novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family), born in Ufa, Russian Empire (d. 1859) [OS 09/20]
  • Oct 26 Charles Sprague, American banker and poet (Curiosity), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1875)
  • Oct 31 Ferdinand Huber, Swiss composer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1863)
  • Nov 11 Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councillor, born in Olten, Switzerland (d. 1855)
  • Dec 4 Johann Gottlob Topfer, German composer, born in Niederroßla (d. 1870)
  • Dec 9 Peter Josef von Lindpaintner, German composer, born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1856)
  • Dec 12 Marie-Louise of Austria, Duchess of Parma and second wife of Napoleon, born in Hofburg, Vienna, Austria (d. 1847)
  • Dec 14 Charles Wolfe, Irish poet, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1823)
  • Dec 24 Eugène Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton), born in Paris, France (d. 1861)

Charles Babbage

Dec 26 Charles Babbage, British inventor (calculating machine), born in London, England (d. 1871)