On This Day

Famous People Born in 1795

  • Jan 6 Anselme Payen, French chemist, born in Paris, France (d. 1871)
  • Jan 15 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant & man of letters, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1844)
  • Jan 15 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • Jan 18 Anna Paulowna Romanova, monarch of Russia/daughter of Tsar Paul I
  • Feb 3 Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
  • Feb 5 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)
  • Feb 8 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1867)
  • Feb 8 Moritz Gottlieb Saphir, Austrian satirical writer and journalist, born in Lovasbereny, near Budapest (d. 1858)
  • Feb 10 Ary Scheffer, Dutch painter/etcher/sculptor
  • Feb 15 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)
  • Feb 18 George Peabody, South Danvers Mass, merchant/philanthropist
  • Feb 21 Francisco Manuel da Silva, composer
  • Mar 12 William Lyon Mackenzie, Canadian-American newspaper publisher, politician, and failed rebel leader, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1861)
  • Mar 14 Robert Lucas Pearsall, English composer, born in Bristol, England (d. 1856)
  • Mar 23 Leopold Jansa, Bohemian violinist, composer, and teacher, born in Wildenschwert, Austria-Hungary (now Ústí nad Orlicí, Czech Republic) (d. 1875)
  • Mar 28 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1876)
  • Apr 5 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • Apr 19 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist and zoologist (micro-organisms), born in Delitzsch, Germany (d. 1876)
  • Apr 21 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint (founder of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate), born in Rome (d. 1850)
  • Apr 28 Charles Sturt, English explorer (Australia), born in Bengal, British India (d. 1869)
  • May 7 Gerhard Moritz Roentgen, Dutch industrialist (founder of Fijenoord dockyard), born in Esen, East Frisia (d. 1852)
  • May 10 Jacques-Nicolas-Augustin Thierry, historian
  • May 13 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1883)
  • May 13 Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (d. 1875)
  • May 15 Adolf B Marx, German music theorist
  • May 19 Johns Hopkins, philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University
  • May 23 Charles Barry, British architect, born in London (d. 1860)
  • Jun 12 John Marston, U.S. Navy officer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • Jun 13 Thomas Arnold, English educator and historian (History of Rome), born in West Cowes, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1842)
  • Jun 24 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), born in Wittenberg, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1878)
  • Jul 25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • Aug 16 Heinrich August Marschner, German opera composer, born in Zittau, Saxony (d. 1861)
  • Aug 22 Abraham Capadose, Dutch physician and missionary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1874)
  • Aug 28 Joannes Paredis, Belgian Bishop of Roermond, born in Bree, Belgium (d. 1886)

James Gordon Bennett

Sep 1 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), born in Keith, Scotland (d. 1872)

  • Sep 4 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1878)
  • Sep 6 Frances Wright, Scottish writer and lecturer, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • Sep 17 Saverio Mercadante, Italian composer, born in Altamura, Bari, Italy (d. 1870)
  • Sep 20 Charles Zeuner, German-American composer and organist, born in Eisleben, Saxony (d. 1857)
  • Sep 23 Alexander Twilight, minister and politician, first African American to graduate and to hold public office, born in Corinth Vermont (d. 1857)
  • Oct 5 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • Oct 15 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), born in Berlin (d. 1861)
  • Oct 16 William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
  • Oct 26 Nikolaos Mantzaros, Italian-Greek composer, born in Corfu Island, Greece (d. 1872)
  • Oct 28 Leonardus Antonius Lightenvelt, Dutch politician, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1873)

John Keats

Oct 31 John Keats, English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), born in London (d. 1821)

James Knox Polk

Nov 2 James Knox Polk, 11th US President (Democrat: 1845-49), born in Pineville, North Carolina (d. 1849)

  • Nov 9 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1837)
  • Nov 24 Josif Josifovich Genishta, composer
  • Nov 26 Carl Philipp Fohr, German painter and cartoonist, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1818)
  • Nov 26 Cornelis Pieter Jacob Elout, Dutch military and President of West Sumatra, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1843)C
  • Nov 28 Adolf Bernhard Marx, German composer, born in Halle, Germany (d. 1866)
  • Dec 3 Rowland Hill, English inventor who introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840), born in Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England (d. 1879)

Thomas Carlyle

Dec 4 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (The French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

  • Dec 8 Jacques-François Gallay, French horn player and composer, born in Perpignan, France (d. 1864)
  • Dec 8 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer (Hansen hypothesis), born in Tønder, Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1874)

Leopold von Ranke

Dec 21 Leopold von Ranke, German historian who founded the modern concept of source-based history, born in Wiehe, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1886)

  • Dec 22 Thomas Ainsworth, English founder of Nijverdal & industrialist (Twentse textile), born in Lancashire, England (d. 1841)
  • Dec 23 Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer (Atlas Universel)