On This Day

Famous People Born in 1808

  • Jan 6 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • Jan 7 Jacob Ammen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fincastle, Virginia (d. 1894)
  • Jan 11 Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist
  • Jan 12 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jan 13 Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • Jan 19 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher, born in Athol, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • Jan 27 David F Strauss, German theologist (Jesus' Life)
  • Feb 4 Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
  • Feb 5 Carl Spitzweg, German painter (d. 1885)
  • Feb 9 Francesco Gomez da Rocha, composer
  • Feb 20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • Feb 25 James Bowen, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1886)
  • Feb 26 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • Feb 26 Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d. 1871)
  • Mar 12 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
  • Mar 14 Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1888)

  • Mar 23 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • Mar 24 Maria Malibran, Spanish-French singer (d. 1836)
  • Mar 25 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet (Cortes)
  • Apr 10 Auguste Franchomme, French cellist and composer, born in Lille, France (d. 1884)
  • Apr 13 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Orange County, North Carolina (d. 1868)
  • Apr 13 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (invented a telephone-like device), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1889)
  • Apr 16 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)

Person of interestNapoleon III

Apr 20 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • Apr 26 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1909)
  • May 15 Gottfried Herrmann, composer
  • May 15 Michael William Balfe, composer
  • May 17 Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel, French composer (Les trois couleurs), born in Lille, France (d.1892)
  • May 19 Samuel Jameson Gholson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • May 22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • May 30 Joaquim Casimiro Jr., Portuguese composer, born in Lisbon (d. 1862)

Person of interestJefferson Davis

Jun 3 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), born in Fairview, Kentucky (d. 1889)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jun 10 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card), born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)
  • Jun 11 Charles Henry Poor, U.S. Navy Officer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • Jun 17 Everhardus Johannes Potgieter, Dutch writer and publisher (The Guide), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1875)
  • Jun 17 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian poet (Creation, Humanity, and Messiah) and author, born in Kristiansand, Norway (d. 1845)

  • Jun 20 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, born in Hamburg, French Empire (d. 1888)
  • Jun 24 Anna Caroline Oury, German pianist and composer, born in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1880)
  • Jun 28 Cristina Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess and politician, born in Milan, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1871)
  • Jul 9 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier, born in Mason County, Kentucky (d. 1887)
  • Jul 10 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born in Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • Jul 15 Henry Cole, English Inventor and civil servant, 1st director of the V&A Museum, promoter of 1851 Great Exhibition, born in Bath, England (d. 1882)
  • Jul 15 Henry Edward Manning, cardinal/archbishop (Westminster)
  • Jul 21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • Jul 28 Charles Lucas, English composer, Principle of the Royal Academy of Music, born in Salisbury, England (d. 1869)
  • Jul 31 Frederick Crouch, English-born composer, born in London, England (d. 1896)
  • Aug 1 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • Aug 3 Hamilton Fish, American politician (Governor of New York), born in NYC, New York (d. 1893)
  • Aug 9 William Thomas Ward, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1878)
  • Aug 10 Carl Friedrich Weitzmann, composer
  • Aug 19 James Nasmyth, Scottish engineer and inventor of the steam hammer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1890)
  • Aug 24 Thomas Fenwick Drayton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1891)
  • Aug 26 Benjamin Grubb Humphreys, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Claiborne County, Mississippi (d. 1882)
  • Aug 29 Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician and reformer, born in Delitzsch, Saxony (d. 1883)
  • Aug 30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • Sep 6 Emir Abdelkader, Algerian political and military leader, born in Mascara, Algeria (d. 1883)
  • Sep 15 Louis Clapisson, French composer and violinist, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1866)
  • Sep 30 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch vicar (Folies-old Calvinist communities)
  • Oct 1 Eduard Sobolewski, Polish-American violinist and composer, born in Königsberg (d. 1872)
  • Oct 5 Thomas Algeo Rowley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • Oct 5 Winand Staring, Dutch geologist (Geology of Netherlands), born in Wildenborch, Vorden, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • Oct 6 Frederik VII, 1st constitutional king of Denmark (1848-63), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1863)
  • Oct 12 John Liptrot Hatton, English composer and pianist, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1886)
  • Oct 20 Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer/journalist (Globus)
  • Oct 24 Ernst Richter, German musical theorist and composer, born in Großschönau, Saxony, Germany (d. 1879)
  • Oct 24 Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1879)
  • Nov 1 John Taylor, American religious leader (3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), born in Milnthorpe, Westmorland, England (d. 1887)
  • Nov 2 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, born in Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, France (d. 1889)
  • Nov 17 Alberich Zwyssig, composer
  • Nov 18 Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1877)
  • Nov 22 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1892)
  • Nov 27 Hugh W. Mercer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1877)
  • Dec 4 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius), born in Paris (d. 1886)
  • Dec 6 Johan Michiel Dautzenberg, Flemish author (Future), born in Heerlen, Netherlands (d. 1869)
  • Dec 6 Johann Christian Gebauer, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen (d. 1884)
  • Dec 7 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1884-85, 85-69), born in Kennebunk, Maine (d. 1895)
  • Dec 20 Thomas Tinsley Craven, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1887)
  • Dec 23 Thomas Turner, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • Dec 25 Stephen Cleeg Rowan, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1890)
  • Dec 26 Albert Grisar, composer

Person of interestAndrew Johnson

Dec 29 Andrew Johnson, 17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1875)

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Dec 29 Györg Apponyi, Hungarian politician, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1899)