On This Day

Famous People Born in 1818

  • Jan 11 John Reese Kenly, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1891)
  • Jan 14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
  • Jan 17 Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
  • Jan 18 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch literary/theologist
  • Jan 28 George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), (d. 1905)
  • Jan 31 William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • Feb 6 William Maxwell Evarts, American lawyer & statesman (Union), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • Feb 8 Austin Blair, Gov/MC (Union), (d. 1894)
  • Feb 10 Isham Green Harris, Gov (Confederacy), (d. 1897)
  • Feb 12 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

Feb 14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Feb 23 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • Mar 6 William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • Mar 10 George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1867)
  • Mar 11 John Wilkins Whitfield, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Franklin, Tennessee (d. 1879)
  • Mar 12 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)

  • Mar 13 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • Mar 15 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
  • Mar 22 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
  • Mar 23 Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Mar 25 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, American Major General (Union Army), born in North Andover, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • Mar 27 Jacob Axel Josephson, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1880)
  • Mar 28 Wade Hampton, American politician, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1902)
  • Apr 4 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), born in Ballyroney, County Down, Ireland (d. 1883)
  • Apr 5 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • Apr 6 Francis Henry Brown, composer
  • Apr 6 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • Apr 8 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1863-1906), born in Gottorf Castle, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1906)
  • Apr 14 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, born in Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1909)
  • Apr 20 Heinrich Göbel, German-born mechanic and inventor, born in Springe, Germany (d. 1893)
  • Apr 22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • Apr 23 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), born in Dartington Rectory, Devon (d. 1894)
  • Apr 23 John Gill Shorter, American politician (17th Governor of Alabama), born in Monticello, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • Apr 25 Marek Konrad Sokolowski, Polish guitarist and composer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1883)

Person of interestAlexander II

Apr 29 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia (d. 1881)

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • May 1 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)

Person of interestKarl Marx

May 5 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • May 20 William George Fargo, founder (Wells Fargo)
  • May 25 Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1897)
  • May 27 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, American reformer who campaigned for temperance and women’s rights, born in Homer, New York (d. 1894)
  • May 28 P. G. T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (Hero of Sumter), born in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana (d. 1893)
  • May 31 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Windham, Massachusetts (d. 1867)
  • Jun 3 Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
  • Jun 17 Charles Gounod, French opera composer (Faust), born in Paris, France (d. 1893)
  • Jun 17 Sophie of Württemberg, Queen of Netherlands as wife of William III, born in Ludwigsburg Palace, Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1877)
  • Jun 21 Ernst II, duke of Saxon-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) and composer, born in Ehrenburg Palace, Coburg, Germany (d. 1893)
  • Jun 21 Joseph Abel Haskin, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1874)
  • Jun 23 Simon Vissering, Dutch economist/minister of Finances (1879-81)
  • Jun 30 Edward John Hopkins, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1901)
  • Jul 1 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)
  • Jul 6 Adolf Anderssen, German world chess champion (1851-66), born in Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1879)
  • Jul 10 John Stuart Williams, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Mount Sterling, Kentucky (d. 1898)
  • Jul 14 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • Jul 15 Heinrich Esser, composer
  • Jul 18 Louis Gerhard De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (1876-80), born in Finspång Castle, Sweden (d. 1896)
  • Jul 24 Félix Godefroid, Belgian harpist and composer, born in Namur, Belgium (d. 1897)

Person of interestEmily Brontë

Jul 30 Emily Brontë, English novelist (Wuthering Heights), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire (d. 1848)

  • Jul 30 John Heemskerk, Dutch politician (Minister of the Interior 1866-88), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1897)
  • Jul 31 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer
  • Aug 1 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), born in Nantucket, Massachusetts (d. 1889)
  • Aug 2 Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, born in Soestdijk, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • Aug 3 Joseph Schadde, Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp), born in Antwerp (d. 1894)
  • Aug 4 Lovell Harrison Rosseau, American lawyer politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Stanford, Kentucky (d. 1869)
  • Aug 7 Henry Litolff, French composer and pianist, born in London, England (d. 1891)
  • Aug 13 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • Aug 18 William Farquhar Barry, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1879)
  • Aug 23 Rufus Ingalls, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Denmark, Maine (d. 1893)
  • Aug 30 Alexander H. Rice, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Massachusetts (1876-78), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • Sep 7 Thomas Talbot, 31st Governor of Massachusetts, born in Cambridge, New York (d. 1886)
  • Sep 12 Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (hand-cranked machine gun), born in Hertford County, North Carolina (d. 1903)
  • Sep 13 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • Sep 16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • Sep 18 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sparta, Georgia (d. 1895)
  • Oct 4 Francesco Crispi, Italian statesman, born in Ribera, Italy (d. 1901)
  • Oct 6 Joseph Rummel, composer
  • Oct 8 John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician, born in Sevier County, Tennessee (d. 1905)
  • Oct 15 Irvin McDowell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • Oct 18 Edward Otho Cresap Ord, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • Oct 22 Leconte de Lisle, French poet and writer, born in Saint-Paul, Réunion, France (d. 1894)
  • Oct 25 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [NS=Nov 6]
  • Oct 26 Stefano Golinelli, Italian pianist and composer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1891)
  • Nov 3 Gustavus Adolphus DeRussy, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1891)
  • Nov 4 Alexander Robert Lawton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Nov 5 Benjamin Franklin Butler, American Major General (Union Army), born in Deerfield, New Hampshire (d. 1893)
  • Nov 6 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [OS=Oct 25]
  • Nov 7 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1896)
  • Nov 9 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1883)
  • Nov 22 Samuel Gibbs French, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Mullica Hill, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • Nov 26 Louis Lacombe, French pianist and composer, born in Bourges, France (d. 1884)
  • Nov 29 George Brown, Canadian publisher (Toronto Globe), PM (L) (1858)
  • Dec 4 William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1886)
  • Dec 12 Paul Octave Hébert, American Brigadier General and 14th Governor of Louisiana, born in Plaquemine, Louisiana (d. 1880)

Person of interestMary Todd Lincoln

Dec 13 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1882)

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Dec 21 Amalia, wife of king Otto of Greece
  • Dec 21 Lewis H. Morgan, American ethnologist (Systems of Consanguinity), born in Aurora, New York (d. 1881)
  • Dec 23 David Addison Weisiger, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Dec 24 James Prescott Joule, English physicist (the law of conservation of energy), born in Salford, United Kingdom (d. 1889)
  • Dec 30 James Cantey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1874)
  • Dec 31 Maria Gartmann, Dutch actress, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1885)