On This Day

Famous People Born in 1819

  • Jan 1 Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet, friend of Matthew Arnold, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1861)
  • Jan 1 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • Jan 1 Tom Hyer, American bare-knuckle boxer (American heavyweight champion 1841-51), born in Caernarvon Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • Jan 3 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter, born in Caprezzo, Italy (d. 1886)
  • Jan 9 James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • Jan 12 Zealous Bates Tower, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Cohasset, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • Jan 14 Fabio Campana, Italian composer, born in Livorno, Italy (d. 1882)
  • Jan 14 Frederick Steele, American Major General (Union Army), born in Delhi, New York (d. 1868)
  • Feb 1 Henry Lawrence Eustis, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)

Emperor Norton

Feb 4 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States", born in London, England (d. 1880)

  • Feb 8 John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • Feb 10 Richard Storrs Willis, American composer, mostly of hymns ("Carol"; "Fairest Lord Jesus"), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • Feb 11 Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, composer
  • Feb 14 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina (d. 1878)

Christopher Latham Sholes

Feb 14 Christopher Latham Sholes, American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, born in Mooresburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)

  • Feb 18 Joseph Philbrick Webster, composer
  • Feb 19 Mark Prager Lindo, English Dutch writer, born in London, England (d. 1877)
  • Feb 20 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • Feb 22 Bernardo Calvo Puig, composer
  • Feb 22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • Mar 4 Charles Oberthur, composer
  • Mar 11 Henry Tate, English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • Mar 11 Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer/choreographer (Don Quiotte)
  • Mar 19 David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • Mar 22 William Wirt Adams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • Mar 26 Francisco Eduardo da Costa, Portuguese composer, born in Lamego, Portugal (d. 1855)
  • Mar 26 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • Mar 28 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (London's Metropolitan Board of Works), born in Clay Hill, Enfield, London (d. 1891)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Drake, American businessman who drilled 1st productive US oil well, born in Greenville, New York (d. 1881)
  • Mar 29 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), born in Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • Mar 31 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1901)
  • Apr 4 Queen Maria II of Portugal, Daughter of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, born in Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Kingdom of Brazil (d. 1853)
  • Apr 6 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian librarian
  • Apr 7 Hubert Léonard, Belgian violinist, and pedagogue (Brussels Conservatoire, 1848-67), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • Apr 14 Charles Hallé, Anglo-German pianist, conductor and founder (Halle Orchestra), born in Hagen, Westphalia (d. 1895)
  • Apr 18 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban revolutionary hero, born in Bayamo, Spanish Cuba (d. 1874)
  • Apr 18 Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (Poet und Bauer), born in Spalato, Dalmatia, Austrian Empire (now Split, Crotia) (d. 1895)
  • Apr 28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar, born in Jackson, Maine (d. 1884)
  • May 1 William Steele, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Albany, New York (d. 1885)
  • May 3 Nicola De Giosa, Italian composer, born in Bari, Italy (d. 1885)
  • May 5 Stanisław Moniuszko, Polish conductor, composer (Straszny dwór - The Haunted Manor), and teacher, born in Ubiel, Minsk Governate, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1872)
  • May 15 Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Russellville, Kentucky (d. 1893)
  • May 16 Daniel Ammen, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1898)
  • May 17 Johann Nepomuk Kafka, Bohemian pianist and composer, born in Neustadt an der Mettau (d. 1886)
  • May 18 Julius Hopp, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1885)

Queen Victoria

May 24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

  • May 27 Julia Ward Howe, American poet and author (Battle Hymn of the Republic), born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • May 28 William Birney, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1907)
  • May 30 William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)

Walt Whitman

May 31 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

  • Jun 3 Johann Barthold Jongkind, Lattrop Neth, Dut/Fr painter (Winter Scenes)
  • Jun 3 Thomas Ball, American sculptor, painter and musician, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • Jun 5 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discoverer of Neptune), born in Laneast, Launceston, Cornwall (d. 1892)
  • Jun 6 William Howard Glover, English composer, born in London, England (d. 1875)
  • Jun 10 Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine), born in Ornans, Doubs, Kingdom of France (d. 1877)
  • Jun 12 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!), born in Holne Vicarage, England (d. 1875)
  • Jun 14 Henry Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (1855-58), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Jun 20 Jacques Offenbach, German-French composer (Tales of Hoffmann), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1880)
  • Jun 26 Abner Doubleday, Union general-major and inventor (baseball), born in Ballston Spa, New York (d. 1893)
  • Jun 27 Carl Albert Löschhorn, German composer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1905)
  • Jun 30 William A. Wheeler, American politician (19th Vice President of the United States), born in Malone, New York (d. 1887)
  • Jul 2 Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer and piano pedagogue (The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises), born in Renescure, France (d. 1900)
  • Jul 2 Thomas Anderson, Scottish chemist (discovered pyridine), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1874)
  • Jul 3 Louis Théodore Gouvy, French-German composer, born in Sarre (d. 1898)
  • Jul 4 Reuben Fenton, American merchant and politician (22nd Governor of New York), born in Carroll, New York (d. 1885)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German physician and physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1892)
  • Jul 8 Alexander Hays, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • Jul 8 Vatroslav Lisinski [Ignatius Fuchs], Croatian composer (Love and Malice), born in Zagreb, Kingdom of Croatia, Austrian Empire (d. 1854)
  • Jul 8 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)

Elias Howe

Jul 9 Elias Howe, American inventor (invented sewing machine), born in Spencer, Massachusetts (d. 1867)

  • Jul 19 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)
  • Jul 20 Paul Henrion, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1901)

Herman Melville

Aug 1 Herman Melville, American author (Moby-Dick, Billy Budd), born in NYC, New York (d. 1891)

  • Aug 6 Samuel Powhatan Carter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabethton, Tennessee (d. 1891)
  • Aug 8 Charles Anderson Dana, Asst Secy War, (Union) (d. 1897)
  • Aug 9 William T. G. Morton, American dentist who first used ether as a surgical anaesthetic (HOF 1920), born in Charlton, Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • Aug 9 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • Aug 12 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1864)
  • Aug 13 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), born in Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1903)
  • Aug 17 James Henry Van Alen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1886)
  • Aug 18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, born in Glasgow (d. 1894)
  • Aug 26 Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Consort of British queen Victoria, born at Schloss Rosenau, nr Coburg, Germany (d. 1861)
  • Sep 6 Carl Ferdinand Pohl, German-Austrian music historian and composer, born in Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany (d. 1887)
  • Sep 6 Nicolae Filimon, Romanian writer and critic (Ciocoii Vechi Si Noi), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1865)
  • Sep 6 William Starke Rosecrans, American inventor, politician and US Army General (Union Army), born in Delaware County, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Sep 7 Adriaan van Bevervoorde, Dutch journalist (History of Holland), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1851)
  • Sep 7 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (D), born in Fultonham, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • Sep 9 Martin Luther Smith, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Danby, New York (d. 1866)
  • Sep 13 Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer of the Romantic era, born in Leipzig (d. 1896)
  • Sep 14 Henry Jackson Hunt, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1889)
  • Sep 17 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • Sep 17 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president of the Republic South Africa, born in Graaff Reinet, Cape Colony (d. 1901)
  • Sep 21 Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza, born in Élysée Palace, Paris, France (d. 1864)
  • Sep 22 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • Sep 23 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • Sep 28 Jacob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch vicar and theologian, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1893)
  • Oct 2 George Washington Getty, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1901)
  • Oct 6 Willem A Scholten, Dutch potato-flour manufacturer (d. 1892)
  • Oct 10 Zebulon York, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Avon, Maine (d. 1900)
  • Oct 15 Marinus Frederik Andries Gerardus Campbell, Dutch bibliographer, born in Kampen, Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • Oct 16 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • Oct 19 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Laurens County, South Carolina (d. 1897)
  • Oct 19 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • Oct 20 Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • Oct 20 Karol Mikuli, Polish composer and pianist (friend of Chopin), born in Czerniowice, Bukovina (d. 1897)
  • Oct 20 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith, born in Shiraz, Iran (d. 1850)
  • Oct 23 Isac Baker Woodbury, American composer, and musicologist (The Dulcimer: Or the New York Collection of Sacred Music), born in Beverly, Massachusetts, (d. 1858)
  • Oct 25 Zachariah C. Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1882)
  • Nov 5 Josef Rudolf Zavrtal, Czech composer, born in Polepy, Czech Republic (d. 1893)
  • Nov 10 Cyrus West Field, American financier noted for success of 1st transatlantic cable, born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1892)

George Eliot

Nov 22 George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)

  • Nov 23 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • Nov 23 Josiah Dwight Whitney, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him), born in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Dec 13 Edwin George Monk, English church organist and composer, born in Frome, Somerset (d. 1900)
  • Dec 16 Robert Selden Garnett, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Dec 17 Samuel Jones, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Powhatan County, Virginia (d. 1887)
  • Dec 18 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • Dec 19 James Clifford Veatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabeth, Indiana (d. 1895)
  • Dec 20 John Geary, American lawyer & politician (1st SF postmaster; 1st mayor), born in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania (d. 1873)
  • Dec 22 Franz Abt, German composer & choir conductor, born in Eilenburg, Germany (d. 1885)
  • Dec 22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1892)
  • Dec 23 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • Dec 26 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 30 John White Geary, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania (d. 1873)
  • Dec 30 Theodor Fontane, German writer (Effi Briest)