Famous People Born in 1820

  • Jan 9 Pavel Krizkovsky, composer
  • Jan 17 Anne Brontë, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire (d. 1849)
  • Jan 18 Abraham Buford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • Jan 19 John Haskell King, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sackets Harbor, New York (d. 1888)
  • Jan 20 Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women
  • Jan 22 Hermann von Lingg, German playwright/poet
  • Jan 22 Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • Jan 22 Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • Jan 23 Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, composer
  • Jan 24 John Milton Thayer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bellingham, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • Jan 31 William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • Feb 1 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
  • Feb 2 Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Phantasterne)
  • Feb 3 Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

Person of interestWilliam Tecumseh Sherman

Feb 8 William Tecumseh Sherman, American Major General in the Union Army, born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 1891)

  • Feb 13 Bela Albrecht Pal Keler, composer

Person of interestSusan B. Anthony

Feb 15 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, born in Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1906)

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • Feb 17 Henri Vieuxtemps, Verviers Belgium, composer/teacher (Brussels Cons)
  • Feb 17 Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
  • Feb 20 Mahlon Dickerson Manson, American druggist politician and General (Union Army), born in Piqua, Ohio (d. 1895)
  • Feb 28 John Tenniel, England, cartoonist/illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • Feb 29 Adolf Schimon, composer
  • Mar 1 George Davis, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1896)
  • Mar 1 Richard Redhead, composer
  • Mar 2 Multatuli [Eduard Douwes Dekker], Dutch writer (Max Havelaar), born in Amsterdam (d. 1887)
  • Mar 4 Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (d. 1856)
  • Mar 6 Horatio Gouverneur Wright, American Major General (Union Army), born in Clinton, Connecticut (d. 1899)
  • Mar 7 Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman, composer
  • Mar 9 Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Auburn, New York (d. 1893)
  • Mar 13 Louis Hébert, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and civil engineer, born in Iberville Parish, Louisiana (d. 1901)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel II

Mar 14 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), born in Torino, Italy (d. 1878)

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • Mar 17 Patrick Edward Connor, Irish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland (d. 1891)
  • Mar 17 Jean Ingelow, English poet (d. 1897)
  • Mar 20 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Wallachia/Romania
  • Mar 21 Frank Mori, English composer, born in London (d. 1873)
  • Mar 24 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)
  • Mar 24 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
  • Mar 25 Xavier de Merode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister to Pope in Rome (d. 1874)
  • Mar 30 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk (d. 1878)
  • Apr 4 Charles Devens Jr, American lawyer, jurist, statesman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • Apr 5 Nadar [Félix Tournachon], French photographer, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • Apr 14 Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • Apr 15 Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • Apr 16 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1885)
  • Apr 17 Gottfried Conradi, Norwegian composer, born in Tønsberg, Norway (d. 1896)

Person of interestAlexander Cartwright

Apr 17 Alexander Cartwright, American sportsman (recognized as inventor of modern baseball), born in NYC, New York (d. 1892)

Inventor of Modern Baseball Alexander Cartwright
Inventor of Modern Baseball
Alexander Cartwright
  • Apr 26 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

Apr 27 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), born in Derby, England (d. 1903)

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer
  • May 4 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), born in London (d. 1895)
  • May 4 Julia Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of President John Tyler (1841-45), born in Gardiners Island, New York (d. 1889)

Person of interestFlorence Nightingale

May 12 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (Crimean War), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1910)


  • May 22 Alexander Ernst Fesca, composer
  • May 23 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)
  • May 23 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)
  • May 27 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess and socialite (d. 1904)
  • May 28 Willem Doorenbos, [Keerom], literary/critic
  • May 30 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (d. 1890)
  • Jun 13 Henry the Navigator, prince of the Netherlands, third son of King William II of the Netherlands, born in Soestdijk Palace, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • Jun 14 John Bartlett, American editor (compiled Familiar Quotations)
  • Jun 16 Athanase Coquerel, French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
  • Jun 18 Martin Andreas Udbye, composer
  • Jun 24 Henry Rootes Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • Jul 2 George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)
  • Jul 5 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1872)
  • Jul 10 Andrew Porter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • Jul 22 Louis Powell Harvey, Governor (Union), (d. 1862)
  • Jul 26 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • Jul 27 John Franklin Farnsworth, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eaton, Canada (d. 1897)
  • Jul 29 Clement Laird Vallandigham, MC (Union), (d. 1871)
  • Aug 2 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, born in Leighlinbridge, County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • Aug 3 Luther Orlando Emerson, American composer, born in Parsonsfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • Aug 3 William Miller, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 1909)
  • Aug 8 Winfield Scott "Old Swet" Featherston, Army Brigadier General (Confederate)
  • Aug 12 Oliver Mowat, a founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • Aug 13 George Grove, English biblical scholar and misicographer, born in Clapham, London (d. 1900)
  • Aug 13 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch poet (Dietsche Warande), born in Amsterdam (d. 1889)
  • Aug 16 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician, born in Fredericton, Canada (d. 1892)
  • Aug 20 Adolphe Fétis, Belgian-French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • Aug 24 Jacopo Tomadini, Italian composer, born in Cividale del Friuli, Italy (d. 1883)
  • Aug 26 James Harlan, (Rep-Iowa)/US Secretary of Interior (1865-66)
  • Aug 30 George Frederick Root, American songwriter (The Battle Cry of Freedom), born in Sheffield, Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • Sep 3 George Hearst, American businessman and father of William Randolph Hearst (d. 1891)
  • Sep 17 Earle Van Dorn, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Sep 17 Émile Augier, French dramatist (d. 1889)
  • Sep 20 George Washington Morgan, American lawyer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Washington County, Pennsylvania (d. 1893)
  • Sep 20 John Fulton Reynolds, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • Sep 21 Williams Carter Wickham, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 23 Thomas Kilby Smith, American lawyer, diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • Sep 26 Isvar Chandra Vidyasagar, father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita)
  • Oct 1 Gustav Adolf Heinze, composer
  • Oct 5 David Wilber, American politician (d. 1890)
  • Oct 6 Swedish Nightingale [Jenny Lind], Swedish soprano, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1887)
  • Oct 8 Stanislaw Katski, composer
  • Oct 11 Alfred Washington Ellet, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1895)
  • Oct 13 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)
  • Oct 20 Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Oct 20 George Jerrison Stannard, American farmer, teacher, governmental official and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgia, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • Oct 23 James Monroe Goggin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • Nov 4 Robert Vinkler Richardson, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Granville County, North Carolina (d. 1870)
  • Nov 9 Matthias de Vries, Dutch linguist (spelling), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1892)
  • Nov 23 John Willis Ellis, Governor (Confederacy) (d. 1861)
  • Nov 23 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • Nov 28 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • Nov 28 Friedrich Engels, German social philosopher; Marx's collaborator
  • Nov 28 Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Dec 5 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (d. 1892)
  • Dec 10 David Allen Russell, Army Bvt Major General (Union), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 10 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence (d. 1821)
  • Dec 17 Frederick Tracy Dent, American General (Union Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1892)
  • Dec 26 Gustavus Adolphus Smith, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania(d. 1885)