On This Day

Famous People Born in 1821

  • Jan 4 John James Peck, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manlius, New York (d. 1878)
  • Jan 7 Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell, American politician and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1891)

James Longstreet

Jan 8 James Longstreet, American Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV), born in Edgefield, South Carolina (d. 1904)

  • Jan 12 Nikolai Afanisev, composer
  • Jan 15 Lafayette McLaws, United States Army officer and Confederate general, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1897)
  • Jan 21 John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)
  • Jan 27 John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)
  • Jan 29 Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, American General (Union Army), born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1891)

Elizabeth Blackwell

Feb 3 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, born in Bristol, England (d. 1910)

  • Feb 10 William Read Scurry, (Confederate Army Brigadier General, (d. 1864))
  • Feb 11 Hermann Allmers, writer
  • Feb 11 Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
  • Feb 15 Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, Dutch theologist and poet, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • Feb 16 Heinrich Barth, German geographer and explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Feb 17 Lola Montez, Irish dancer and courtesan, born in Grange, Ireland (d. 1861)
  • Feb 19 Francis Preston Blair Jr., (Rep-Missouri), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1875)
  • Feb 21 Charles Scribner, American magazine and book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1871)
  • Mar 1 Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)
  • Mar 12 Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
  • Mar 14 Jens Worsaae, Danish archaeologist, historian and politician, born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1885)
  • Mar 15 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
  • Mar 15 Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
  • Mar 15 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • Mar 16 Ernest Feydeau, French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • Mar 19 Francis Barretto Spinola, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Old Field, New York (d. 1891)

Richard Francis Burton

Mar 19 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), born in Torquay, Devon (d. 1890)

  • Mar 19 William Allingham, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Irish poet (The Fairies, Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • Mar 23 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • Mar 24 Elisa Felix [Rachel], tragedienne
  • Mar 24 [George] Hector Tyndale, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • Mar 26 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1896)
  • Mar 29 Joshua Thomas Owen, British-American educator, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Carmarthen, United Kingdom (d. 1887)
  • Apr 3 T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s, born in Greenwich (d. 1892)
  • Apr 4 Linus Yale Jr., American portrait painter and inventor (Yale cylinder lock), born in Salisbury, New York (d. 1868)
  • Apr 9 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • Apr 15 Joseph E. Brown, American attorney and politician (42nd Governor of Georgia), born in Pickens, South Carolina (d. 1894)
  • Apr 16 Ford Madox Brown, British painter, born in Calais, France (d. 1893)
  • Apr 19 Mortimer Dormer Leggett, American Major General (Union Army), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 1896)
  • Apr 23 Pierre Dupont, French songwriter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1870)
  • May 1 Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg, Swiss pianist and composer, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1873)
  • May 2 Abram Sanders Piatt, American farmer, publisher, poet, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1908)
  • May 8 William Henry Vanderbilt, American businessman, member of the Vanderbilt family, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1885)
  • May 11 [Carlos] Charles John Stolbrand, Swedish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Skåne, Sweden (d. 1894)
  • May 16 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • May 17 Sebastian Kneipp, Bavarian priest and naturopathist (known for "Kneipp Cure" form of hydrotherapy), born in Stephansried, Germany (d. 1897)
  • May 21 John F. Loudon, Dutch sugar and indigo manufacturer, whose Deft collection was left to the Rijksmuseum, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1895)
  • May 22 Alfred Sully, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • May 25 Diederich Krug, German pianist and composer (Le petit Chevalier), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1880)
  • Jun 2 Ion Bratianu, (Lib), premier of Romania (1876-88)
  • Jun 4 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, born in Moscow, Imperial Russia (d. 1897)
  • Jun 8 John Dunlap Stevenson, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Staunton, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • Jun 8 Samuel White Baker, English explorer (Ceylon & Egypt), born in London, England (d. 1893)
  • Jun 12 Henry Moses Judah, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Snow Hill, Maryland (d. 1866)
  • Jun 13 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), born in Paris (d. 1901)
  • Jun 13 Gustavus Fox, U.S. Navy officer (Mexican–American War), born in Saugus, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • Jun 15 Nikolay Zaremba, Russian composer and teacher of Tchaikovsky, born in Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1879)
  • Jun 16 Old Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (British Open 1861-62, 64, 67), born in St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland (d. 1908)
  • Jun 26 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1906)
  • Jun 27 August Conradi, German organist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1873)
  • Jul 6 Edward Pettus, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Athens, Alabama (d. 1907)
  • Jul 8 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1865)
  • Jul 8 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Urbana, Ohio (d. 1862)
  • Jul 10 Christopher Columbus Augur, American Major General (Union Army), born in Kendall, New York (d. 1898)
  • Jul 12 Cesare Dominiceti, Italian composer, born in Desenzano del Garda, Italy (d. 1888)
  • Jul 12 Daniel Harvey Hill, Confederate General (American Civil War), born in York District, South Carolina (d. 1889)

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Jul 13 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Mary Baker Eddy

Jul 16 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the religious movement, Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

  • Jul 18 Pauline Viardot, French pianist, mezzo-soprano, and composer (Cendrillon), born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • Jul 21 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, born in Bacau, Moldova (d. 1890)

Bill the Butcher

Jul 24 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey (d. 1855)

  • Aug 4 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Palmyra, Maine (d. 1881)

Louis Vuitton

Aug 4 Louis Vuitton, French founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH, born in Anchay, France (d. 1892)

  • Aug 10 Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • Aug 14 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • Aug 21 William Barksdale, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Smyrna, Tennessee (d. 1863)
  • Aug 24 Emanuele Muzio, Italian composer, born in Zibello, Italy (d. 1890)
  • Aug 29 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, born in Meylan, France (d. 1898)
  • Aug 30 Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi's wife (War of Tatters), born in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1849)
  • Aug 31 Vaclav Hugo Zavrtal, Bohemian clarinetist, band leader, and composer, born in Polepy, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic) (d. 1899)
  • Aug 31 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1894)
  • Sep 8 Henry Baxter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sidney, New York (d. 1873)
  • Sep 11 Erastus Flaval Beadle, American publisher (Beadle's Dime Novels), born in Oswego County, New York (d. 1894)
  • Sep 17 Arthur Saint-Leon, French composer and dancer, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • Sep 24 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), born in Głuchy, Poland (d. 1883)
  • Sep 26 Alvin Peterson Hovey, American judge, 21st Governor of Indiana (1889-1891), andBrevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mount Vernon, Indiana (d. 1891)
  • Sep 27 Henri-Frédéric Amiel, Swiss writer (Grains de Mil), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1881)
  • Sep 28 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida) and Presbyterian minister, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1874)
  • Oct 2 Alexander P. Stewart, American Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), born in Rogersville, Hawkins County, Tennessee (d. 1908)
  • Oct 7 Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Oct 7 William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
  • Oct 11 Angelo Mariani, Italian composer, born in Ravenna, Italy (d. 1873)

George Williams

Oct 11 George Williams, English philanthropist and founder of YMCA, born in Dulverton, West Somerset, England (d. 1905)

Rudolf Virchow

Oct 13 Rudolf Virchow, German politician, anthropologist and pathologist (cell pathology), born in Schivelbein, Prussia (d. 1902)

  • Oct 16 Albert Franz Doppler, Austrian flautist and composer, born in Lemberg, Austrian Empire (now Lviv, Ukraine) (d. 1883)

Collis P. Huntington

Oct 22 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Harwinton, Connecticut (d. 1900)

  • Oct 30 Cenobio Paniagua, Mexican composer, born in Tlalpujahua, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 1882)
  • Nov 2 Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor and 5th Governor of New Zealand (1868-73), born in Taughboyne, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1899)
  • Nov 9 Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin, French composer, born in Alsace, Guebwiller (d. 1910)

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Nov 11 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

  • Nov 23 Charles Meryon, British-French etcher who was color blind, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • Nov 30 Gustavus Woodson Smith, American Major General (Confederate States Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1896)
  • Nov 30 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Levkás, Greece (d. 1902)
  • Dec 2 Rufus Barringer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cabarrus County, North Carolina (d. 1895)
  • Dec 8 Josip Runjanin, Croatian Serb composer (Croatian National Anthem) and soldier, born in Vinkovci (d. 1878)
  • Dec 10 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1877)
  • Dec 12 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary), born in Rouen, France (d. 1880)
  • Dec 15 Auguste Vaucorbeil, French composer, born in Rouen, France (d. 1884)
  • Dec 17 Frederick West Lander, American poet and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • Dec 19 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader
  • Dec 22 Giovanni Bottesini, Italian Romantic composer, conductor and a double bass virtuoso, born in Crema, Lombardy (d. 1889)

Clara Barton

Dec 25 Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, born in North Oxford, Massachusetts (d. 1912)

  • Dec 27 Jane Wilde, Irish poet, nationalist and mother of Oscar Wilde, born in Wexford (d. 1896)