On This Day

Famous People Born in 1830

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Henry Kingsley, English Australian writer, born in Northamptonshire (d. 1876)
  • Jan 3 Alexander Ewing, composer
  • Jan 7 [Samuel] Emerson Opdycke, American businessman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hubbard, Ohio (d. 1884)
  • Jan 7 Albert Bierstadt, German painter (US landscapes)
  • Jan 8 Gouverneur Kemble Warren, American civil engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cold Spring, New York (d. 1882)
  • Jan 8 Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
  • Jan 17 Eyre Massey Shaw, British first chief of London Fire Brigade, born in Ballymore, Ireland (d. 1908)
  • Jan 19 George Blake Cosby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • Jan 23 Gaston, Marquis de Galliffet, French general & Minister of War (1899-1900), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • Jan 27 Georg Hellmesberger, composer
  • Jan 27 William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jan 31 James G. Blaine, US Secretary of State (1881 and 1889-92) known as the "Plumed Knight", born in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1893)

Person of interestRobert Gascoyne-Cecil

Feb 3 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), born in Hatfield, England (d. 1903)

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Feb 6 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Indiana (d. 1865)
  • Feb 9 Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • Feb 11 Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, composer

  • Feb 11 Peter Arnold Heise, composer
  • Mar 8 João de Deus [Sao Bartolomeu de Messines], Portuguese poet (Flores do Campo), born in Algarve, Portugal (d. 1896)
  • Mar 12 William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • Mar 15 Paul von Heyse, German writer (Nobel 1910)
  • Mar 15 Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • Mar 18 Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist
  • Mar 20 Eugene Asa Carr, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hamburg, New York (d. 1910)
  • Mar 24 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
  • Mar 25 Julius Caesar, cricketer (prominent batsman for Surrey)
  • Mar 26 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • Mar 26 John Rogers Thomas, American composer, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1896)
  • Mar 30 Auguste Tolbecque, composer
  • Mar 30 Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • Apr 5 Alexander Muir, Canadian composer (The Maple Leaf Forever), born in Lesmahagow, Scotland (d. 1906)
  • Apr 6 James Augustine Healy, Macon Ga, 1st African American Roman Catholic bishop
  • Apr 9 Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer, pioneer in study of motion, born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1904)
  • Apr 13 Eduard Lassen, Belgian-Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1904)
  • Apr 19 Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely, German Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Breyell, Germany (d. 1908)
  • Apr 29 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)
  • Apr 30 Davis Tillson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1895)

  • May 1 Mother [Mary Harris] Jones, American labor organizer (cofounded Industrial Workers of the World), born in Cork City, Ireland (d. 1930)
  • May 1 Guido Gezelle, Flemish priest and poet, born in Brugge, Belgium (d. 1899)
  • May 5 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1906)
  • May 10 Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • May 11 John Converse Starkweather, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1890)
  • May 13 Zebulon Baird Vance, Governor (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • May 14 George Pierce Doles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • May 15 Laurence Simmons Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • May 15 Martinus W van der Aa, author/Dutch head-editor (The Time)
  • May 18 Karl Goldmark, Austro-Hungarian composer (Sakuhtala), born in Keszthely, Hungary (d. 1915)
  • May 20 Amalia MdGA, princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach/wife of prince Henry
  • May 20 Hector H Malot, French writer (Without Family)
  • May 24 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1897)
  • May 25 Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International), born in Lede, Belgium (d. 1905)
  • May 28 George Lucas Hartsuff, American Major General (Union Army), born in Tyre, New York (d. 1874)
  • May 28 Carl Filtsch, Transylvanian composer and pianist child prodigy, born in Mühlbach (Sebeș), Romania (d. 1845)
  • May 30 Edward Winslow Hinks, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bucksport, Maine (d. 1894)
  • Jun 2 Olivier Metra, composer
  • Jun 17 Richard Montgomery Gano, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Bourbon County, Kentucky (d. 1913)
  • Jun 22 Theodor Leschetizky, composer
  • Jul 2 John Bordenave Villepigue, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • Jul 8 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • Jul 8 Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)

Person of interestCamille Pissarro

Jul 10 Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean and French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

  • Jul 14 Richard Henry Jackson, Irish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Kinnegad County, Westmeath, Ireland (d. 1892)
  • Jul 17 Eelco Refer, linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • Jul 22 Herbert Stanley Oakeley, English composer, born in Ealing (d. 1903)
  • Jul 22 William Sooy Smith, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Tarlton, Ohio (d. 1916)
  • Jul 29 Alvan Cullom Gillem, American Major General (Union Army), born in Gainesboro, Tennessee (d. 1875)
  • Jul 31 František Zdeněk Skuherský, Czech composer, born in Opočno, Bohemia (d. 1892)
  • Aug 18 Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1916)
  • Aug 19 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev, born in Varel Oldenburg (d. 1895)
  • Sep 2 William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)

Person of interestFrederic Mistral

Sep 8 Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • Sep 12 William Sprague IV, American politician and Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • Sep 13 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), born in Zdislavič, Moravia (d. 1916)
  • Sep 15 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori, President of Mexico (1877-1911), born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1915)
  • Sep 25 Karl Klindworth, German pianist and conductor, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Sep 27 William Babcock Hazen, American Major General (Union Army), born in West Hartford, Vermont (d. 1887)
  • Sep 29 John Parker Hawkins, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1914)
  • Oct 1 Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Madison, Indiana (d. 1890)
  • Oct 3 George Brayton, American engineer who developed the Brayton Cycle combustion engine, born on Rhode Island (d. 1892)
  • Oct 9 Harriet Hosmer, American neoclassical sculptor, born in Watertown, Massachusetts (d. 1908)
  • Oct 10 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1904)
  • Oct 16 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliography
  • Oct 24 Belva Ann Lockwood, American attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court), born in Royalton, New York (d. 1917)
  • Oct 26 Polibo Fumagalli, Italian composer, born in Inzago, Italy (d. 1900)
  • Oct 26 Stephen Elliott, Jr., Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1866)
  • Oct 30 John S. Bowen, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Bowen's Creek, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • Nov 3 John Esten Cooke, American novelist (The Virginia Comedians) and Confederate States Army, born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1886)
  • Nov 3 Jacob Maarten van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist and chemist, born in Almelo, Netherlands (d. 1911)
  • Nov 8 Oliver Otis Howard, American Major General (Union Army), born in Leeds, Maine (d. 1909)
  • Nov 10 Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cabell County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • Nov 20 Patrick Henry Jones, Irish-American lawyer, Postmaster of New York City, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in County Westmeath, Republic of Ireland (d. 1900)
  • Nov 23 Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor
  • Nov 27 Harrison Millard, composer
  • Dec 5 Christina Rossetti, English poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), born in London, England (d. 1894)
  • Dec 7 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician (grafostatica), born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1903)

Person of interestEmily Dickinson

Dec 10 Emily Dickinson, American poet (Collected Poems), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1886)

  • Dec 12 Joseph O. Shelby, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • Dec 14 Allen Thomas, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Howard County, Maryland (d. 1907)
  • Dec 15 Francesco D'Arcais, Italian composer, born in Cagliari, Italy (d. 1890)
  • Dec 16 John Frederick Hartranft, American politician, 17th Governor of Pennsylvania (1873-1879), and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in New Hanover Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • Dec 17 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • Dec 22 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1912)
  • Dec 23 Adam Minchejmer, composer
  • Dec 31 Isma'il Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1863-79), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1895)