On This Day

Famous People Born in 1837

  • Jan 2 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1910)
  • Jan 4 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazil, poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • Jan 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet & writer [or Apr 5], born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1909)
  • Jan 12 Adolf Jensen, composer
  • Jan 12 Carlos Troyer, American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1920)
  • Jan 16 James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Jan 19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • Jan 20 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • Jan 23 Amanda Smith, American former slave, singer and evangelist, born in Long Green, Maryland (d. 1915)
  • Feb 5 Dwight Lyman Moody, American evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • Feb 7 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Denholm, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • Feb 13 Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea, composer
  • Feb 17 Francis Jay Herron, American Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1902)
  • Feb 17 Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
  • Feb 24 Rosalía de Castro, Santiago de Compostela Galician writer and poet ('Séculos Escuros') (d. 1885)
  • Feb 26 Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice

  • Mar 1 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • Mar 1 William Dean Howells, American novelist/critic/editor (Atlantic)
  • Mar 1 Andrew Strath, Scottish golfer (British Open 1865), born in St. Andrews, Fife (d. 1868)
  • Mar 7 Henry Draper, American astronomer (Moon, Orion Nebula), born in Prince Edward County, Virginia (d. 1882)
  • Mar 12 Felix Alexandre Guilmant, composer
  • Mar 14 Charles Ammi Cutter, American librarian (Expansive classification), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1903)

Person of interestGrover Cleveland

Mar 18 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President (1885-89, 1893-97), born in Caldwell, New Jersey (d. 1908)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 19 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • Mar 23 Joseph Wieniawski, composer
  • Mar 24 Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders and son of Leopold I, born in Royal Castle of Laeken, Belgium (d. 1905)
  • Mar 31 Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA
  • Apr 3 John Burroughs, American writer and nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake), born in Delaware County, New York (d. 1921)
  • Apr 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), born in London (d. 1909)
  • Apr 10 Forceythe Willson, American poet (The Old Sergeant), born in Little Genesee, New York (d. 1867)
  • Apr 11 Elmer E. Ellsworth, American soldier who was the 1st Union officer killed in the American Civil War, born in Malta, New York (d. 1861)
  • Apr 15 Horace Porter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania (d. 1921)

Person of interestJ. P. Morgan

Apr 17 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and benker (General Electric, Steel Corporation, AT&T), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1913)

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan
  • Apr 21 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), born in Næstved, Denmark (d. 1922)
  • Apr 24 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), born in Schwedt, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1909)
  • Apr 25 William Charles Levey, Irish conductor and composer, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1894)

  • Apr 29 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1891)
  • Apr 30 Alfred R. Gaul, English composer, born in Nottingham (d. 1913)
  • May 2 Henry Martyn Robert, American soldier and parliamentarian (Robert's Rules of Order), born in Robertville, South Carolina (d. 1927)
  • May 9 Adam Opel, German automobile manufacturer (Adam Opel AG), born in Rüsselsheim, Hesse, Prussia (d. 1895)
  • May 10 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • May 23 James Sanks Brisbin, American educator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)

Person of interestWild Bill Hickok

May 27 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • May 27 Robert Hoke, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • May 27 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • May 28 George Ashlin, Irish architect noted for his work on churches and cathedrals, born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1921)
  • May 28 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1908)
  • May 29 Alexander de Savornin Lohman, Dutch minister and party leader (CHU), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • May 29 Luca Fumagalli, Italian composer, born in Inzago, Italy (d. 1908)
  • May 31 Ernest Daudet, French journalist and writer (White Terror), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1921)
  • May 31 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Arlington House, Virginia (d. 1891)
  • May 31 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American general and the youngest West Pointer to be Major General, born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • Jun 7 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler, born in Strones, Waldviertel, Austrian Empire (d. 1903)
  • Jun 8 Jan Kleczyński Sr., Polish painist and composer, born in Janiewicze, Russian Empire (d. 1895)
  • Jun 8 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Jun 16 Eli Long, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1903)
  • Jun 17 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d.1863)
  • Jun 22 Paul Morphy, greatest chess player of all time (1857-61), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jun 23 Ernest Guiraud, composer
  • Jun 26 Martin Davis Hardin II, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1923)
  • Jun 26 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lauw, France (d. 1864)
  • Jul 6 Władysław Żeleński, Polish organist and composer, born in Grodkowice (d. 1921)
  • Jul 11 Paul Lacombe, French composer, born in Carcassonne, France (d. 1927)
  • Jul 15 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • Jul 18 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, born in Karlovo, Rumelia, Bulgaria (d. 1873)
  • Jul 20 Hans Sommer, German theatre composer, born in Brunswick (d. 1922)
  • Jul 28 Christian Barnekow, Danish composer, born in Luz-Saint-Sauveur, France (d. 1913)
  • Jul 30 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Green Oak, Michigan (d. 1863)
  • Jul 31 William Quantrill, American guerrilla leader in the Confederate Army, born in Canal Dover, Ohio (d. 1865)
  • Aug 11 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-94), born in Limoges, France (d. 1894)
  • Aug 16 Emile A. H. Seipgens, Dutch priest, writer and beer brewer, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • Aug 24 Theodore Dubois, French composer, born in Rosnay, Marne, France (d. 1924)
  • Aug 27 Heinrich Urban, German violinist and composer, born in Berlin (d. 1901)
  • Aug 30 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, US 1st Lady (1881-85), born in Culpeper Court House, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • Sep 2 James Harrison Wilson, American topographic engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Shawneetown, Illinois (d. 1925)
  • Sep 14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, born in Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1903)
  • Sep 15 Leo van Gheluwe, Belgian composer, born in Wannegem-Lede, East Flanders (d. 1914)
  • Sep 16 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), born in Lisbon (d. 1861)
  • Sep 18 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, born in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal (d. 1880)
  • Sep 19 Adolf Sonnenfeld, Polish violinist and composer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1914)
  • Oct 8 Otto Winter-Hjelm, Norwegian musician and composer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1931)
  • Oct 14 Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1908)
  • Oct 16 John Francis Barnett, composer
  • Oct 18 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, born in Colonge (d. 1919)
  • Oct 26 James Lawlor Kieran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mountbellew, County Galway (d. 1869)
  • Oct 28 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, born in Edo, Japan (d. 1913)
  • Oct 29 Abraham Kuyper, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1901-05), born in Maassluis, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • Oct 29 Harriet Powers, African-American slave and quilt maker (Bible Quilt 1886), born in Clarke County, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • Nov 2 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, born in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Seine-et-Marne, France (d. (1891)
  • Nov 9 Alfred Holmes, English violinist and composer, born in London (d. 1876)
  • Nov 9 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer and politician, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1915)

  • Nov 13 James T. Rapier, African-American politician, born in Florence, Alabama (d. 1883)
  • Nov 17 David Capriles, director of psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao
  • Nov 17 Willem Coenen, composer

Person of interestJohannes van der Waals

Nov 23 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1923)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • Nov 28 John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor who simplified the production of celluloid, born in Starkey, New York (d. 1920)
  • Dec 2 Charles Garrison Harker, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swedesboro, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • Dec 9 Émile Waldteufel, French composer, born in Strasbourg (d. 1915)
  • Dec 14 William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
  • Dec 18 A Adolf Daens, Belgian priest/Dutch party founder (CVP)
  • Dec 19 John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 24 Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1898)
  • Dec 25 Cosima Liszt, wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner

Person of interestGeorge Dewey

Dec 26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • Dec 26 Morgan Bulkeley, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1922)
  • Dec 28 Benjamin Johnson Lang, American conductor and composer, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1909)