On This Day

Famous People Born in 1840

  • Jan 3 Father Joseph Damien de Veuster, Belgian helped lepers in Hawaii
  • Jan 5 John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • Jan 10 Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal, born in Lévis, Canada (d. 1925)
  • Jan 18 Austin Dobson, England, poet/critic/biographer
  • Jan 18 Ernst Rudorff, composer
  • Jan 21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • Jan 22 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • Jan 23 Ernst Abbe, German physicist & optical scientist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), born in Eisenach, Germany (d. 1905)
  • Feb 2 Louis Bourgault-Ducoudray, composer
  • Feb 5 Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor (automatic single-barrel rifle)
  • Feb 5 John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • Feb 11 Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1884)
  • Feb 13 Georg Jacobi, composer
  • Feb 22 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • Feb 23 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • Feb 25 Alexis Hollander, composer

  • Feb 25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • Feb 28 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (d. 1892)

Person of interestJohn Philip Holland

Feb 29 John Philip Holland, Irish engineer and father of the modern submarine, born in Liscannor, Ireland (d. 1914)

  • Feb 29 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1908)
  • Mar 5 Constance Fenimore Woolson, NH, writer (Jupiter Lights)
  • Mar 8 Franco Faccio, Italian composer and conductor, born in Verona, Italy (d. 1891)
  • Mar 11 Edmund Kirby Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brownville, New York(d. 1863)
  • Mar 16 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)
  • Mar 18 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • Mar 20 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)
  • Mar 25 Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier in U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment & Irish Soldier of Fortune (d. 1876)
  • Mar 26 Carli Zoeller, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1889)
  • Mar 26 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), born in London (d. 1876)
  • Mar 28 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • Mar 29 Matteo Albertone, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Alessandria (d. 1919)
  • Mar 31 John Herbert Kelly, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Mar 31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • Apr 2 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)
  • Apr 11 John Conrad Nordqvist, Swedish composer, born in Vänersborg, Älvsborg County, Sweden (d. 1920)
  • Apr 12 Edmond Audran, French composer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1901)

  • Apr 12 Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest and musicologist (Magister choralis), born in Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg, Bavaria (d. 1910)
  • Apr 20 Odilon Redon [Bertrand-Jean Redon], French symbolist painter, born in Bordeaux (d. 1916)
  • Apr 25 James Dearing, U.S. Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • Apr 27 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865), born in London (d. 1911)

Person of interestPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

May 7 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer of the late-Romantic period (1812 Overture, Swan Lake), born in Votkinsk, Russia (d. 1893)

  • May 10 Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian revolutionist (d. 1868)
  • May 11 Filippo Capocci, composer
  • May 13 Alphonse Daudet, French writer (Tartarin of Tarascon), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1897)
  • May 24 Frederick Walker, British social realist painter, born in London (d. 1875)
  • May 29 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1884)
  • Jun 2 Thomas Hardy, poet and novelist (Far from the Madding Crowd), born in Higher Bockhampton, Dorset (d. 1928)
  • Jun 3 Eugeen van Oye, Flemish writer/poet (Morning Twilight)
  • Jun 6 John Stainer, English composer (The Crucifixion), born in Southwark, London (d. 1901)
  • Jun 6 William Francis Bartlett, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haverhill, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • Jun 7 Carlota of Mexico, princess of Belgium and empress consort of Mexico (1864-67), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1927)
  • Jun 10 Thomas F. Toon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbus County, North Carolina (d. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter, born in Copenhagen (d. 1920)
  • Jun 11 Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1888)
  • Jun 16 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • Jun 22 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)
  • Jun 24 Louis Brassin, Belgian composer and pianist, born in Aix-la-Chapelle (d. 1884)
  • Jul 1 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1913)
  • Jul 4 James McGranahan, American composer, born in Adamsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1907)
  • Jul 12 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • Jul 25 Flora Adams Darling, American writer and historian, founded Daughters of American Revolution, born in Lancaster, New Hampshire (d. 1910)
  • Jul 27 Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westchester County, New York (d. 1889)
  • Aug 1 Aldine Silliman Kieffer, American composer, born in Miami, Missouri (d. 1904)
  • Aug 14 Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Austro–German psychiatrist and author (Psychopathia Sexualis), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • Aug 17 Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, England, writer (Irish Land League)
  • Aug 28 Ira D. Sankey, American evangelist, composer and singer (Gospel hymns), born in Edinburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1908)
  • Aug 28 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant, born in Aberlour, Scotland (d. 1900)
  • Sep 2 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (Eros)
  • Sep 3 Jacob Christian Fabricius, Danish composer, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • Sep 9 Gentil Theodoor Antheunis, Flemish poet, born in Oudenaarde, Belgium (d. 1907)
  • Sep 14 George Elbridge Whiting, American composer, born in Holliston, Massachusetts (d. 1923)
  • Sep 21 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1904)
  • Sep 26 Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician, born in Terrebonne, Lower Canada (d. 1923)
  • Sep 27 Alfred Thayer Mahan, American naval officer (Influence of Sea Power), born in West Point, New York (d. 1914)

Person of interestThomas Nast

Sep 27 Thomas Nast, German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1902)

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • Sep 28 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • Sep 28 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, born in Kranichfeld, Germany (d. 1905)
  • Sep 30 Johan Severin Svendsen, composer
  • Oct 4 Charles Lenepveu, French composer, born in Rouen, France (d. 1910)
  • Oct 5 Fran Gerbič, Slovenian composer and tenor, born in Cerknica (d. 1917)
  • Oct 5 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), born in Bristol, England (d. 1893)
  • Oct 9 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • Oct 12 Helena Modjeska [Modrzejewska], Polish Shakespearian actress (Hamlet), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1909)
  • Oct 15 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), born in Saint-Athanase, Lower Canada (d. 1894)
  • Oct 16 Kuroda Kiyotaka, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (1894-1899), born in Kagoshima, Satsuma Domain (d. 1900)
  • Oct 17 Yaa Asantewaa, Ghanaian queen of Ashanti Empire, led fight against British colonialism, born in Besease, Ghana (d. 1921) appropriate date
  • Oct 30 Carlotta Patti, Italian soprano, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1889)
  • Oct 30 William Graham Sumner, American sociologist (Folkways), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • Oct 31 Franz Müller, German tailor and first train murderer (killing Thomas Briggs) (d. 1864)
  • Nov 9 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French-Canadian lawyer and politician, born in Sainte-Thérèse, Canada (d. 1898)

Person of interestAuguste Rodin

Nov 12 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France (d. 1917)

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin

Person of interestClaude Monet

Nov 14 Claude Monet [Oscar-Claude], French impressionist painter (Water Lilies, Haystacks, Poplars), born in Paris, France (d. 1926)

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • Nov 15 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [NS=11/27]
  • Nov 16 Frederick Scotson Clark, English organist and composer, born in Southwark, London (d. 1883)
  • Nov 19 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • Nov 21 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1901)
  • Nov 25 Hugo Verriest, Flemish author and poet (Flemish Movement), born in Deerlijk, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Nov 27 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [OS=11/15]
  • Nov 30 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, born in Montreal, Lower Canada (d. 1928)

Person of interestCrazy Horse

Dec 4 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], Oglala Sioux chief (Battle of the Little Bighorn), born in Fort Robinson, Nebraska (d. 1877)

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • Dec 7 Hermann Goetz, German composer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1876)
  • Dec 11 Namık Kemal, Turkish poet and author (Fatherland-1872), born in Tekirdağ, Ottoman Empire (d. 1888)
  • Dec 17 C. F. E. Horneman, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen (d. 1906)
  • Dec 21 Mehmed N Kemal, Turkish journalist (Vatan)