On This Day

Famous People Born in 1841

  • Jan 10 George Melville, American polar explorer & naval engineer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jan 14 Berthe Morisot, French painter, born in Bourges, France (d. 1895)
  • Jan 15 Lord Frederick Stanley, British politician & presenter of hockey's Stanley Cup, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • Jan 18 (Alexis) Emmanuel Chabrier, French pianist and composer (España; Joyeuse marche; Le roi malgré lui), born in Ambert, Puy-de-Dôme (d. 1894)
  • Jan 23 Benoît-Constant Coquelin, French actor, born in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France (d. 1909)
  • Jan 25 John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, British admiral, born in Ramboda, Sri Lanka (d. 1920)
  • Jan 27 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)

Henry Morton Stanley

Jan 28 Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh journalist and African explorer (found Livingstone in Africa), born in Denbigh, Wales (d. 1904)

  • Jan 28 Viktor Ernst Nessler, Alsatian composer, born in Baldenheim, Alsace (d. 1890)
  • Jan 30 Alfred Townsend George, American Civil War journalist, born in Georgetown, Delaware (d. 1914)
  • Jan 30 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (1895-99), born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • Feb 1 William Henry Davenport, American stage magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1877)
  • Feb 2 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
  • Feb 4 Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
  • Feb 10 Walter Parratt, British organist and composer, born in Huddersfield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 1924)
  • Feb 12 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
  • Feb 15 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • Feb 18 Samuel Prowse Warren, Canadian organist and composer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1915)
  • Feb 19 Felipe Pedrell, Spanish guitarist, composer (Excelsior; La Celestina), and musical scholar, born in Tortosa, Spain (d. 1922)

Pierre Auguste Renoir

Feb 25 Pierre Auguste Renoir, French Impressionist painter and sculptor (Bal du moulin de la Galette, Luncheon of the Boating Party), born in Limoges, France (d. 1919)

  • Feb 26 Evelyn Baring, Earl of Cromer English consul-general in Egypt and writer, (d. 1917)
  • Feb 27 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 28 Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • Mar 1 Blanche Bruce, American politician who was born a slave, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), born in Farmville, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • Mar 1 Romualdo Marenco, Italain composer, chiefly of ballet music (Excelsior), and conductor, born in Novi Ligure, Italy (d. 1907)
  • Mar 3 John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
  • Mar 4 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • Mar 7 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentine, journalist and poet (El nido de condores), born in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1882)
  • Mar 7 William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr

Mar 8 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, US 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

  • Apr 6 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • Apr 7 Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanicus
  • Apr 7 Jozef Neuhuys [Joseph Hendrikus Neuhuys], Dutch painter, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1889)
  • Apr 13 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • Apr 15 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (Seagram Distilleries), born in Fisher's Mills, Canada West (d. 1919)
  • Apr 25 Pauline Lucca, Austrian operatic soprano, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1908)
  • Apr 26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • May 10 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (thought to have inspired the phrase "Gordon Bennett"), born in New York City (d. 1918)
  • May 11 Ernst von Possart, German actor and theatre director (Bayerische Hoftheater), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1921)
  • May 14 Sir Squire Bancroft [Butterfield], British actor and manager known for creating 'drawing-room comedy' (Haymarket), born in Rotherhithe, London (d. 1926)
  • May 15 Giovanni Bolzoni, composer
  • May 20 Sara Louisa Oberholtz, social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • May 21 Joseph Parry, Welsh composer and musician, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1903)
  • May 22 Catulle Mendès, French poet, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1909)
  • May 24 Charles Napier Hemy, British painter, born in Newcastle, England (d. 1917)
  • May 24 Tito Mattei, Italian pianist and composer, born in Campobasso, Italy (d. 1914)
  • May 28 Giovanni Sgambati, Italian pianist and composer, born in Rome (d. 1914)
  • May 29 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, born in North Carolina (d. 1971)
  • Jun 3 Eduardo Caudella, Romanian composer, born in Iași, Moldavia (d. 1924)
  • Jun 5 Marie of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange Nassau, born in Wassenaar, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • Jun 6 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (Dziurdziowie), born in Milkowszczyzna, Poland (d. 1910)
  • Jul 4 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist and archaeologist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Jul 5 William C. Whitney, American financier and 31st United States Secretary of the Navy, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1904)
  • Jul 9 Carl Lumbye, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1911)
  • Jul 11 Daniël de Lange, Dutch composer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1918)
  • Jul 11 William Paul Roberts, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Gates County, North Carolina (d. 1910)
  • Jul 13 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • Jul 23 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • Jul 24 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, born in Rome (d. 1920)
  • Jul 29 Armauer Hansen, Norwegian physician (1st to identify leprosy as bacteria), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1912) [1]
  • Aug 13 Johnny Mullagh, Australian cricket all-rounder (Aboriginal tour of England 1868), born in Harrow, Australia (d. 1891)
  • Aug 17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet
  • Aug 18 William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient who survived 31 days at sea in a small boat to seek help for the shipwrecked USS Saginaw, born in Gloucestershire, England (d. 1919)
  • Aug 25 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • Aug 28 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography", born in Metz, France (d. 1890)
  • Sep 3 Tom Emmett, England cricket fast bowler (7 Tests, famous roundarm action), born in Halifax, Yorkshire (d. 1904)
  • Sep 8 Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (Slavonic Dances; New World Symphony; Cello Concerto in b, Op. 104), born in Nelahozeves, Czech Republic (d. 1904)

Charles J. Guiteau

Sep 8 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • Sep 13 Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist and playwright, born in Middelie, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • Sep 26 Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, Russian composer, born in Orenburg (d. 1907)

Georges Clémenceau

Sep 28 Georges Clémenceau, Prime Minister of France (Radical-Socialist Party: 1906-09, 1917-20) who defended Dreyfuss, born in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France (d. 1929)

  • Oct 1 Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, Ukrainian composer, born in Sin′yava, Galicia (d. 1908)
  • Oct 4 Stephen Albert Emery, American composer and pianist, born in Paris, Maine (d. 1891)
  • Oct 4 Prudente José de Morais Barros, 3rd President of Brazil (1894-98), born in Itu, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • Oct 4 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, Queen consort of the Two Sicilies, born in Possenhofen Castle, Possenhofen, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1925)
  • Oct 7 Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • Oct 11 Friedrich Hegar, Swiss composer, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1927)

Itō Hirobumi

Oct 16 Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (4 terms between 1885 and 1901) and Resident-General of Korea (1905-09), born in Tsukari, Suō, Japan (d. 1909)

  • Nov 3 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Danish botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions), born in Mandø, Denmark (d. 1924)
  • Nov 4 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist, student and protégé of Liszt, and composer noted for his transcriptions, born in Warsaw (d. 1871)
  • Nov 5 Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin, Russian composer, born in Kaluga, Russia (d. 1896)
  • Nov 6 Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, born in Foster, Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • Nov 6 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), born in Mézin, France (d. 1931)

Edward VII

Nov 9 Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1910)

John William Strutt

Nov 12 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Maldon, Essex, England (d. 1919)

  • Nov 13 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General, born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 1913)
  • Nov 16 Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor, born in Langres, France (d. 1923)

Wilfrid Laurier

Nov 20 Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec (d. 1918)

  • Nov 20 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1901)
  • Nov 25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • Nov 28 E. M. Grace, English cricket all-rounder (1 Test, HS 36; Gloucestershire CCC), born in Bristol, England (d. 1911)
  • Dec 5 Marcus Daly, Irish-American mining tycoon, born in Ballyjamesduff, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1900)
  • Dec 6 Frédéric Bazille, French painter, born in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France (d. 1870)
  • Dec 20 Ferdinand Buisson, French academic & pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1927), born in Paris, France (d. 1932)