On This Day

Famous People Born in 1842

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist
  • Jan 4 Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 6 Clarence King, American geologist & mountaineer, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1901)
  • Jan 7 Johan Lindegren, composer

Person of interestWilliam James

Jan 11 William James, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism), born in NYC, New York

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • Jan 12 Francois Coppee, French poet
  • Jan 15 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • Jan 15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • Jan 17 Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
  • Jan 18 Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)
  • Jan 22 Charles Henri Marechal, composer
  • Feb 2 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • Feb 3 Sidney Clopton Lanier, American composer/poet (Hall of Fame)
  • Feb 4 Georg Brandes, [Morris Cohen], Danish literary historian and critic
  • Feb 4 Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
  • Feb 7 Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)

  • Feb 22 Carl Rosa, founder (Rosa opera company), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Feb 22 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
  • Feb 23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • Feb 24 Arrigio Enrico Boito, composer
  • Feb 25 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • Feb 26 Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy, born in Montigny-le-Roi, Haute-Marne, France (d. 1925)
  • Mar 1 Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • Mar 2 Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7 Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
  • Mar 10 Ina Donna Coolbrith, American poet laureate of Calif
  • Mar 18 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • Mar 22 Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer
  • Mar 22 Mykola Lysenko, Ukranian composer, conductor and ethnomusicologist, born in Hrynky, Russian Empire (d. 1912)
  • Mar 30 John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian/philosopher
  • Apr 3 Ulric Dahlgren, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • Apr 4 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), born in Amiens, France (d. 1891)
  • Apr 8 Elizabeth Bacon Custer, American author, public speaker and wife of George Armstrong Custer, born in Monroe, Michigan (d. 1933)
  • Apr 14 Sven August Körling, Swedish composer, born in Misterhult, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • Apr 17 Maurice Rouvier, French statesman and Prime Minister of France (1905–06), born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1911)
  • Apr 18 Antero Tarquínio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice), born in Ponta Delgada, Portugal (d. 1891)
  • Apr 25 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer and poet (Il santo, Leila), born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1911)
  • Apr 28 Gaston of Orleans, Count of Eu, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 1922)
  • Apr 29 Carl Millöcker, Austrian composer, born in Vienna (d. 1899)
  • May 5 Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, Austrian composer, born in Frauental, Styria, Austria (d. 1899)
  • May 8 Emil Christian Hansen, Danish physiologist, born in Ribe, Denmark (d. 1909)

  • May 12 Jules Massenet, French composer (Manon, Le Cid), born in Montaud, France (d. 1912)
  • May 13 Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Pirates of Penzance, H.M.S Pinafore), born in London (d. 1900)
  • Jun 2 Constantly AM Cap, Flemish poet/etcher
  • Jun 6 Steele MacKaye [James Morrison Steele MacKaye], American playwright and actor (Spectatorium, Paul Kauvar), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1894)
  • Jun 8 John Q. A. Brackett, American politician, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (1890-91), born in Bradford, New Hampshire (d. 1918)
  • Jun 11 Prince Alfred, Liechtenstein noble and politician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1907)
  • Jun 11 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, born in Berndorf, Germany (d. 1934)
  • Jun 12 Rikard Nordraak, Norwegian composer, born in Oslo, Norway (d.1866)
  • Jun 19 Carl Johann Adam Zeller, Austrian composer, born in Sankt Peter in der Au, Austria (d. 1898)

Person of interestAmbrose Bierce

Jun 24 Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist (Devil's Dictionary, Nuggets & Dust), born in Meigs County, Ohio (d. 1914)

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Jun 27 Jamie Anderson, Scottish golfer (British Open 1877-79), born in St. Andrews, Fife (d. 1905)
  • Jun 29 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, born in Hořovice, Bohemia (d. 1924)
  • Jul 4 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1904)
  • Jul 4 Gyula Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, born in Pest (d. 1909)
  • Jul 26 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • Aug 14 Henry Duff Traill, British author and journalist (The Marquis of Salisbury), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1900)
  • Aug 16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • Aug 20 Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • Aug 24 Edouard J. A. Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1885)
  • Aug 26 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • Aug 28 Willem Linnig The Younger, Flemish painter and graphic artist, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • Aug 29 Alfred Shaw, cricketer (seven Tests for England 1877-82), born in Burton Joyce, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1907)
  • Aug 30 Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)
  • Sep 5 Louis Bouwmeester, Dutch actor (Shakespeare), born in Middelharnis, Netherlands (d. 1925)
  • Sep 7 Johannes Zukertort, German chess player, born in Lublin, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • Sep 13 Ödön Mihalovich, Hungarian composer, born in Fericsánci, Slavonia (d. 1929)
  • Sep 13 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, born in Moscow, Marion County, Alabama (d. 1920)
  • Sep 20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist and physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet), born in Kincardine-on-Forth, Scotland (d. 1923)
  • Sep 21 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • Sep 23 Karl Munzinger, composer
  • Sep 27 Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist, born in Ronse, Belgium (d. 1903)
  • Sep 29 Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • Oct 1 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), born in Fabrezan, France (d. 1888)
  • Oct 14 Joe Start, American baseball player, born in NYC, New York (d. 1927)
  • Oct 24 Josef Nešvera, Czech composer, born in Praskolesy, Czech Republic (d. 1914)
  • Oct 27 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x Prime Minister of Italy (1892-93, 1903-05, 1906-09, 1911-14, 1920-21), born in Mondovì, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)
  • Oct 28 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • Oct 28 Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
  • Nov 2 Otto Reubke, German composer, brother of Julius Reubke (d. 1913)
  • Nov 4 William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • Nov 14 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
  • Nov 22 Anna S Barbiers, Dutch actress (Klaasje Zevenster, Uncle Tom), born in the Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • Nov 22 José Maria de Heredia, Cuban-French sonnet poet (Les Trophées), born in La Fortuna, Cuba (d. 1905)
  • Nov 23 James Lillywhite Jr, cricketer (1st England Test captain)
  • Nov 25 Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Turin (d. 1896)
  • Dec 3 Ellen Henrietta Richards, American chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
  • Dec 3 Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
  • Dec 3 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1916)
  • Dec 9 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, born in Moscow (d. 1921)
  • Dec 15 Henry Gadsby, English musician and composer, born in Hackney, England (d. 1907)
  • Dec 17 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • Dec 24 Nicola d' Arienzo, Italian composer and writer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1915)
  • Dec 28 Calixa Lavallee, Canadian composer (O Canada), born in Verchères (d. 1891)