Famous People Born in 1844

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 4 Thomas H Rollinson, composer
  • Jan 7 Marie-Bernarde Soubirous, [St Bernadette of Lourdes], saint/visionary
  • Jan 14 Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer
  • Jan 16 Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • Jan 20 Johan Peter Selmer, composer
  • Jan 25 Frederick E Kitziger, composer
  • Jan 30 Moritz von Bissing, German gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17), born in Ober Bellmannsdorf, Prussia (d. 1917)
  • Feb 1 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • Feb 1 Granville Stanley Hall, American psychologist
  • Feb 2 Leander Schlegel, composer
  • Feb 17 A Montgomery Ward, found mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • Feb 18 Willem Maris, Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • Feb 20 Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • Feb 20 Joshua Slocum, Canadian seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)
  • Feb 20 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • Feb 21 Charles-Marie Widor, French organist, composer and professor (Paris Conservatory), born in Lyon, France (d. 1937)

  • Feb 22 Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, composer
  • Mar 2 Dr. Schaepman [Herman Schaepman], Dutch poet, Roman Catholic priest, theologian, and politician
  • Mar 4 Josip Jurcic, Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • Mar 7 Anthony Comstock, New Canaan Ct, anti-vice crusader/philatelist
  • Mar 10 Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (Spanish Dancer), born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1908)
  • Mar 14 King Umberto I of Italy (1878-1900), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1900)
  • Mar 15 Bransby Cooper, cricketer (in Dhaka Batsman in Australia's 1st Test)
  • Mar 18 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (Scheherazade), born in Tikhvin (d. 1908) (OS 6 Mar)
  • Mar 19 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • Mar 23 Eugene Gigout, composer
  • Mar 27 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • Mar 30 Paul M Verlaine, French lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • Mar 31 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), born in Selkirk, Scottish Borders, Scotland (d. 1912)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Ludwig, composer
  • Apr 16 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • Apr 22 Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)

Person of interestElijah McCoy

May 2 Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor of African descent, notable for his 57 US patents (lubrication of steam engines), born in Colchester, Ontario (d. 1929)

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • May 3 Édouard Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist, born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • May 3 Richard D'Oyly Carte, English opera impresario (Gilbert & Sullivan operas), born in London (d. 1901)
  • May 8 Hermann Gradener, German composer, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1929)
  • May 9 [Maria] Catharina Beersmans, Belgian actress (Bad Herders), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1899)
  • May 17 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
  • May 21 Henri Rousseau, French post-impressionist painter (The Dream, The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope), born in Laval, France (d. 1910)
  • May 22 Mary Cassatt, American Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
  • May 23 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)

  • May 28 Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur, composer
  • May 30 Louis Varney, composer
  • Jun 1 Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1916)
  • Jun 1 John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • Jun 3 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • Jun 3 Emile Paladilhe, composer
  • Jun 3 Garret Augustus Hobart, (R) 24th US VP (1897-99)
  • Jun 6 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1905)
  • Jun 10 Albert Neuhuys, Dutch painter of peasant families (Laren School), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1914)
  • Jun 10 Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen)
  • Jun 14 Edouard Naville, Swiss egyptologist
  • Jun 21 Ernest F Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway) (d. 1909)
  • Jul 1 Verney L Cameroon, English explorer (Tanganyika)
  • Jul 8 Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • Jul 11 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1903-21), born in Belgrade, Ottoman Tributary Principality of Serbia (d. 1921)
  • Jul 22 William Archibald Spooner, reverend/inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England

Person of interestThomas Eakins

Jul 25 Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • Jul 28 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), born in Stratford, London (d. 1889)
  • Jul 31 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1935)
  • Aug 6 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1900)
  • Aug 7 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (d. 1911)
  • Aug 17 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
  • Aug 22 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 29 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), born in Hove, Sussex, England (d. 1929)
  • Aug 30 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)
  • Sep 10 Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (Violet Crumble), born in East Sussex, England (d. 1918)
  • Sep 11 George Martin, English composer and organist, born in Lambourn, Berkshire (d. 1916)
  • Sep 20 William H. Illingworth, English-American photographer, born in Leeds, England (d. 1893)
  • Sep 22 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth), born in Paris, France (d. 1923) (birth poss 23rd Oct)
  • Sep 28 Robert Stout, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1884-87), born in Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • Oct 3 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • Oct 5 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, born in Swellendam, Cape Colony (d. 1934)

Person of interestHenry John Heinz

Oct 11 Henry John Heinz, German-American entrepreneur who founded prepared-foods company (H.J. Heinz Company-57 varieties), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz
  • Oct 12 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1925)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

Oct 15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Oct 17 Miguel Nieto, composer
  • Oct 18 Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu, composer

Person of interestLouis Riel

Oct 22 Louis Riel, Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, born in Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America (d. 1885)

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • Oct 23 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • Oct 24 Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
  • Oct 27 Klas Arnoldson, Swedish politician and pacifist (Nobel Peace 1908), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • Oct 29 Albert von Rothschild, Austrian banker
  • Oct 30 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • Nov 3 Mehmed V Reshad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • Nov 10 Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian, born in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)
  • Nov 12 Octave Fouque, composer

Person of interestKarl Benz

Nov 25 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Dec 1 Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
  • Dec 1 Alfred Cellier, composer
  • Dec 4 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • Dec 5 John Frederick Bridge, composer
  • Dec 18 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist
  • Dec 22 Izydor Lotto, composer