On This Day

Famous People Born in 1845

  • Jan 7 Louis III, last king of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • Jan 7 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Jan 13 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • Jan 14 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, British statesman, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1927)
  • Jan 15 Ella Flagg Young, American educator & 1st woman pres. (National Educational Association), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1918)
  • Jan 15 Heinrich Vogl, German operatic heldentenor, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1900)
  • Jan 17 Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/evangelist (Vredebond)
  • Jan 22 Jacob Verdam, Dutch philologist
  • Jan 22 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer
  • Feb 3 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
  • Feb 14 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866), born in London (d. 1875)
  • Feb 15 Elihu Root, American statesman (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912), born in Clinton, New York (d. 1937)
  • Feb 26 Alexander III, Russian Tsar (1881-94), born in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1894) [Mar 3, New Style]
  • Mar 3 Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • Mar 5 Alphonse Hasselmans, Belgian-French harpist, composer (La Source), and educator (Paris Conservatoire, 1884-1912), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1912)
  • Mar 7 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), born in Port Perry, Canada West (d. 1913)
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Wilhelm Röntgen

Mar 27 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province (d. 1923)

  • Apr 5 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • Apr 15 Dave Gregory, Australian cricketer (Australia's 1st Test captain), born in Fairy Meadow, New South Wales (d. 1919)
  • Apr 17 Isabel Barrows, American editor and penologist (Conference on Negro Question), born in Irasburg, Vermont (d. 1913)
  • Apr 18 Wilhelm Gericke, Austrian composer, born in Schwanberg, Austria (d. 1925)
  • Apr 24 Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919), born in Liestal, Switzerland (d. 1924)
  • May 1 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • May 7 Jacob van Stolk Azn, timber merchant/art collector
  • May 12 Gabriel Fauré, French organist, composer (Requiem; Ballade), and educator (Paris Conservatoire, 1905-20), born in Pamiers, France (d. 1924)
  • May 15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), born in Ivanovka, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
  • May 25 Lip Pike, American baseball player, born in NYC, New York (d. 1893)
  • May 30 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1890)
  • Jun 7 Leopold von Auer, Hungarian-American violinist, born in Veszprém, Hungary (d. 1930)
  • Jun 9 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, Governor General of Canada and India, born in London (d. 1914)
  • Jun 17 Hendrik Peter Staal, Dutch reformed officer and politician, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • Jun 18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • Jun 22 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • Jun 22 Richard Seddon, longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand (1893-1906), born in Eccleston, England (d. 1906)
  • Jul 4 Thomas John Barnardo, British social worker, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1905)
  • Jul 6 Ángela Peralta, Mexican operatic soprano, harpist, pianist, and composer, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1883)
  • Jul 18 Tristan Corbière, French poet, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1875)
  • Aug 9 Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter and illustrator, born in Laken, Belgium (d. 1921)
  • Aug 9 André Bessette, Canadian Roman Catholic religious figure, born in Mont-Saint-Grégoire, Quebec, Canada (d. 1937)
  • Aug 10 Abai Qunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet, composer and philosopher (d. 1904)
  • Aug 15 Walter Crane, English painter, cartoonist and illustrator (The Lady of Shalott), born in Liverpool (d. 1915)
  • Aug 16 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist and inventor, born in Bonnevoie, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1921)
  • Aug 20 Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint, born in Igołomia, Małopolskie, Congress Poland (d. 1916)
  • Aug 22 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 James C. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Ludwig II, Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86), born in Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany (d. 1886)

Mary Ann Nichols

Aug 26 Mary Ann Nichols, English prostitute and 1st victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London (d. 1888)

  • Sep 1 Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
  • Oct 12 Amintore Galli, Italian composer, born in Perticara, Italy (d. 1919)
  • Oct 17 Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
  • Oct 26 Hendrik Waelput, Flemish composer and conductor (Forest, Stella), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1885)
  • Oct 28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • Oct 30 Gustav Weber, Swiss organist, choral conductor, and composer, born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland (d. 1887)
  • Nov 3 Edward Douglass White, American politician and jurist (9th Chief Justice of the United States), born in Thibodaux, Louisiana (d. 1921)
  • Nov 4 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, born in Shirdhon village, Panvel taluka, Raigad district, British India (d. 1883)
  • Nov 14 Allen Hill, cricketer (took the 1st wicket in Test cricket)
  • Nov 14 Johann Ernst Perabo, composer
  • Nov 14 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), born in Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1918)
  • Nov 18 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
  • Nov 25 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese novelist, born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900)
  • Dec 12 Bruce Price, American architect, born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • Dec 23 Emmanuel-Persillier Lachapelle, Canadian physician and founder of Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montreal), born in Sault-au-Récollet, Montreal
  • Dec 23 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), born in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1928)
  • Dec 25 Salvatore Auteri-Manzocchi, Italian opera composer (Graziella), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1924)
  • Dec 27 Augusto (de Oliveira) Machado, Portuguese composer (Lauriane; Camões es os Luziadas), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1924)
  • Dec 28 Homer Newton Bartlett, composer