On This Day

Famous People Born in 1849

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 9 John Hartley, English tennis player (Wimbledon 1879-80), born in Tong, Shropshire (d. 1935)
  • Jan 11 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (bath house)
  • Jan 12 Jean Béraud, French painter (d. 1935)
  • Jan 18 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1900-03)
  • Jan 22 August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist/novelist (Apologia)
  • Feb 2 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
  • Feb 4 Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • Feb 13 Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston's father
  • Feb 17 Selwyn Image, Bodiam Sussex, painter
  • Feb 18 Alexander L. Kielland, Norwegian writer and politician (Garman og Worse)
  • Feb 22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • Mar 2 Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Jacques Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer

Person of interestLuther Burbank

Mar 7 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Horticulturist
Luther Burbank
  • Mar 16 James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • Mar 19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)

  • Mar 26 Edwin Evans, Australian cricket spin bowler (6 Tests), born in Emu Plains, New South Wales (d. 1921)
  • Mar 28 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Château-Salins, France (d. 1894)
  • Apr 6 John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • Apr 13 Enrique José Varona, Cuban author, born in Puerto Principe, Cuba (d. 1933)
  • Apr 17 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Ravenna, Ohio (d. 1923)
  • Apr 21 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist (discovered fertilization), born in Friedberg, Germany (d. 1922)
  • Apr 24 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • Apr 25 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
  • May 3 Jacob Riis, Danish-American social reformer and "muck raking" reporter (NY Tribune, NY Evening Sun), born in Ribe, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • May 3 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany, born in Klein-Flottbeck, Germany (d. 1929)
  • May 5 Hambletonian, greatest standardbred horse, born in Chester, New York
  • May 6 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, born in Philipsburg, Quebec (d. 1896)
  • May 22 Louis Perrier, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1913)
  • May 27 "Blind" Tom Wiggins, African-American pianist and composer, born in Harris County, Georgia (d. 1908)
  • Jun 2 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • Jun 8 Julien Dillens, Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • Jun 9 Joseph Vezina, composer
  • Jun 9 Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • Jun 23 John Hunn, American businessman and 51st Governor of Delaware, born in Odessa, Delaware (d. 1926)
  • Jun 27 Harriet Hubbard Ayer, American cosmetics manufacturer and columnist, born in Chicago (d. 1903)
  • Jun 29 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • Jul 1 John Selby, England Test cricket batsman (6 Tests), born in Nottingham, England (d. 1894)
  • Jul 2 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • Jul 12 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), born in Bond Head, Province of Canada (1919)
  • Jul 15 Moritz Heuzenroeder, composer

  • Jul 19 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • Jul 20 Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)

Person of interestEmma Lazarus

Jul 22 Emma Lazarus, Americn poet ("New Colossus" - on the base of Statue of Liberty), born in NYC, New York

  • Jul 23 Geza Zichy, Hungarian composer and one-armed pianist, born at Sztára Castle (d. 1924)
  • Jul 27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • Jul 29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)
  • Aug 12 Abbott Handerson Thayer, painter/naturalist
  • Aug 18 Benjamin Godard, French composer and violinist, born in Paris, France (d. 1895)
  • Aug 23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • Aug 27 Manuel Acuña, Mexican poet (Nocturno), born in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexic0 (d. 1873)
  • Aug 29 Titus van Asch van Wijck, Dutch governor Suriname (1891-97), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1902)
  • Aug 30 J. M. Dent, British publisher, born in Darlington, England (d. 1926)
  • Sep 1 Elizabeth Harrison, American educator (National Congress of Parents & Teachers)
  • Sep 3 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)
  • Sep 17 Vaclav Juda Novotny, Czech composer and music critic, born in Vesce (d. 1922)
  • Sep 21 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)
  • Sep 21 Maurice Barrymore [Herbert Blythe], Indian-born British actor and patriarch of the Barrymore family, born in Fort Agra, India (d. 1905)
  • Sep 22 John Godden, English explorer (Curacao)
  • Sep 23 Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov, composer

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

Sep 26 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [O.S. September 14] (d. 1936)

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • Sep 28 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • Sep 29 Ladislao Joseph Philip Paul Zavrtal, composer
  • Oct 6 Basil Zaharoff, Greek arms dealer (merchant of death), born in Muğla, Turkey (d. 1936)
  • Oct 7 James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (Raggedy Man)
  • Oct 16 Arnold Krug, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1904)
  • Oct 16 Charles Harford Lloyd, composer
  • Oct 26 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
  • Oct 30 Johan Willem, son of Dutch princess Marianne & coachman
  • Nov 5 Rui Barbosa, Brazil, statesman/jurist/essayist/civil liberties
  • Nov 8 Edward Julius Biedermann, composer
  • Nov 22 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German historian (Germany & the Next War)
  • Nov 22 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)
  • Nov 22 Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • Nov 24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • Nov 29 Ambrose Fleming, inventor (diode)
  • Dec 6 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, born in Haus Leipnitz, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation (d. 1945)
  • Dec 11 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), born in Gladhammar Parish, Västervik Municipality, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • Dec 19 Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
  • Dec 21 James Lane Allen, American writer (Kentucky Cardinal), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1925)
  • Dec 26 Samuel "Sam" van Beem, Flemish actor (Fanfan la Tulipe), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • Dec 28 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck