On This Day

Famous People Born in 1849

  • Jan 9 John Hartley, English tennis player (Wimbledon 1879-80), born in Tong, Shropshire (d. 1935)
  • Jan 11 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (bath house)
  • Jan 12 Jean Béraud, French painter (d. 1935)
  • Jan 18 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1901-03), born in Glebe, colony of New South Wales (d. 1920)
  • Jan 22 August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist/novelist (Apologia)
  • Feb 2 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
  • Feb 4 Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • Feb 13 Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston's father
  • Feb 17 Selwyn Image, English painter and designer (Arts and Crafts Movement), born in Bodiam Sussex (d. 1930)
  • Feb 18 Alexander Lange Kielland, Norwegian writer (Gist; Fortuna; St. Hans Fest), and politician (mayor; governor), born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1906)
  • Feb 22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • Mar 2 Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Jacques Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer

Luther Burbank

Mar 7 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

  • Mar 16 James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • Mar 19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German architect of the Imperial Navy (Tirpitz Plan, Unrestricted U-boat Warfare) and World War I Grand Admiral, born in Küstrin, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1930)
  • Mar 26 Edwin Evans, Australian cricket spin bowler (6 Tests; 7 wickets), born in Emu Plains, Australia (d. 1921)
  • Mar 28 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Château-Salins, France (d. 1894)
  • Apr 6 John William Waterhouse, British painter, born in Rome, Roman Republic (now Italy) (d. 1917)
  • Apr 13 Enrique José Varona, Cuban author, born in Puerto Principe, Cuba (d. 1933)
  • Apr 17 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Ravenna, Ohio (d. 1923)
  • Apr 21 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist (discovered fertilization), born in Friedberg, Germany (d. 1922)
  • Apr 24 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • Apr 25 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
  • May 3 Jacob Riis, Danish-American social reformer and "muck raking" reporter (NY Tribune, NY Evening Sun), born in Ribe, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • May 3 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany, born in Klein-Flottbeck, Germany (d. 1929)
  • May 3 Bertha Benz [Cacilie Bertha Ringer], German inventor, automotive pioneer and wife of fellow automotive inventor Karl Benz, born in Pfrozheim, German Confederation (d. 1944)
  • May 5 Hambletonian, greatest standardbred horse, born in Chester, New York
  • May 6 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, born in Philipsburg, Quebec (d. 1896)
  • May 22 Louis Perrier, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1913)
  • May 25 "Blind" Tom Wiggins, African-American pianist and composer, born in Harris County, Georgia (d. 1908) [1] [2]
  • Jun 2 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • Jun 8 Julien Dillens, Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • Jun 9 Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • Jun 11 Joseph Vezina, Quebec composer, born in Quebec City (d. 1924)
  • Jun 23 John Hunn, American businessman and 51st Governor of Delaware, born in Odessa, Delaware (d. 1926)
  • Jun 27 Harriet Hubbard Ayer, American cosmetics manufacturer and columnist, born in Chicago (d. 1903)
  • Jun 29 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • Jul 1 John Selby, England Test cricket batsman (6 Tests), born in Nottingham, England (d. 1894)
  • Jul 2 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • Jul 5 William T. Stead, British newspaper editor (The Pall Mall Gazette - exposed child prostitution), born in Embleton, England (d. 1912)
  • Jul 12 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), born in Bond Head, Province of Canada (1919)
  • Jul 15 Moritz Heuzenroeder, German pianist and composer who settled in Australia, born in Ottersberg, Germany (d. 1897)
  • Jul 19 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • Jul 20 Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)

Emma Lazarus

Jul 22 Emma Lazarus, Americn poet ("New Colossus" - on the base of Statue of Liberty), born in NYC, New York

  • Jul 23 Geza Zichy, Hungarian composer and one-armed pianist, born at Sztára Castle (d. 1924)
  • Jul 27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • Jul 29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)
  • Aug 12 Abbott Handerson Thayer, painter/naturalist
  • Aug 18 Benjamin Godard, French composer and violinist, born in Paris, France (d. 1895)
  • Aug 23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • Aug 27 Manuel Acuña, Mexican poet (Nocturno), born in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexic0 (d. 1873)
  • Aug 29 Titus van Asch van Wijck, Dutch governor Suriname (1891-97), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1902)
  • Aug 30 J. M. Dent, British publisher, born in Darlington, England (d. 1926)
  • Sep 1 Elizabeth Harrison, American educator (National Congress of Parents & Teachers)
  • Sep 3 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)
  • Sep 17 Vaclav Juda Novotny, Czech composer and music critic, born in Vesce (d. 1922)
  • Sep 21 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)
  • Sep 21 Maurice Barrymore [Herbert Blythe], Indian-born British actor and patriarch of the Barrymore family, born in Fort Agra, India (d. 1905)
  • Sep 22 John Godden, English miner (Klein Curacao)
  • Sep 23 Mikhail Ivanov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1927)

Ivan Pavlov

Sep 26 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [O.S. September 14] (d. 1936)

  • Sep 28 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • Sep 29 Ladislao Joseph Philip Paul Zavrtal, Czech-English composer, born in Milan
  • Oct 6 Basil Zaharoff, Greek arms dealer (merchant of death), born in Muğla, Turkey (d. 1936)
  • Oct 7 James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (Raggedy Man)
  • Oct 16 Arnold Krug, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1904)
  • Oct 16 Charles Harford Lloyd, British organist and composer, born in Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1919)
  • Oct 26 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
  • Oct 30 Johan Willem, son of Dutch princess Marianne & coachman
  • Nov 5 Ruy Barbosa, Brazilian polymath, writer and politician, born in Salvador, Bahia, Empire of Brazil (d. 1923)
  • Nov 8 Edward Julius Biedermann, American organist and composer, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1933)
  • Nov 22 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German general and military historian (Germany & the Next War), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1930)
  • Nov 22 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)
  • Nov 22 Christian Rohlfs, German painter and artist, born in Groß Niendorf, Kreis Segeberg, Prussia (d. 1938)
  • Nov 24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • Nov 29 Ambrose Fleming, English electrical engineer, physicist and inventor (vaccum diode- 1st electronic rectifier of radio waves), born in Lancaster, England (d. 1945)
  • Dec 6 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, born in Haus Leipnitz, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation (d. 1945)
  • Dec 11 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), born in Gladhammar Parish, Västervik Municipality, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • Dec 19 Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
  • Dec 21 James Lane Allen, American writer (Kentucky Cardinal), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1925)
  • Dec 26 Samuel "Sam" van Beem, Flemish actor (Fanfan la Tulipe), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • Dec 28 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck