On This Day

Famous People Born in 1855

  • Jan 2 Frank Hadow, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1878; first exponent of the lob), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • Jan 3 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)

Person of interestKing C. Gillette

Jan 5 King C. Gillette, American businessman and inventor of inexpensive and disposable safety razor blades, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1932)

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • Jan 10 Peter J Blok, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
  • Jan 15 Jacques Damala [Aristides Damalas], Greek military officer and actor, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1889)
  • Jan 20 Amedee-Ernest Chausson, composer
  • Jan 21 John M Browning, American weapons manufacturer
  • Jan 22 Ernst Kullak, composer
  • Jan 22 Albert Neisser [Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser], Schweidnitz Prussia, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy
  • Jan 23 John Moses Browning, American inventor, born in Ogden, Utah (d. 1926)
  • Jan 26 Arthur Hervey, composer
  • Jan 28 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the 1st workable adding machine, born in rural New York (d. 1898)
  • Feb 13 Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
  • Feb 15 Gustav Hollaender, composer
  • Feb 17 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • Feb 21 Alice Freeman Palmer, educator (Hall of Fame)

  • Feb 25 George Bonnor, cricketer (big-hitting Aussie batter 1880-1888)
  • Feb 25 Cesário Verde, Portuguese poet (d. 1886)
  • Mar 1 Paul Hines, American MLB outfielder (Triple Crown 1878, Providence Grays), born in Virginia (d. 1935)
  • Mar 12 John White, American composer (d. 1902)
  • Mar 13 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

Person of interestAndrew Mellon

Mar 24 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
  • Mar 24 Olive Schreiner, South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • Mar 27 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Mar 31 Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)
  • Apr 9 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • Apr 18 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Jan Steen), born in Amsterdam (d. 1946)
  • Apr 18 Josef Gruber, Austrian organist and composer, born Wösendorf in the Wachau (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Anatoly Liadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1914)
  • Apr 29 Edmund van der Straeten, German composer, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1934)
  • May 1 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter , born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 2 Theodore Moses Tobani, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1933)
  • May 7 Willie Fernie, Scottish golfer (British Open 1883), born in St. Andrews, Fife (d. 1924)
  • May 8 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 9 Julius Röntgen, German-Dutch composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1932)
  • May 10 Anatoli Liadov, composer (Enchanted Lake) [NS], born in St Petersburg, Russia

  • May 11 Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • May 15 Eduard von Keyserling, Baltic German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • May 21 Emile A G Verhaeren, Belgian poet/writer (Les Flammes Hautes)
  • May 24 Arthur Wing Pinero, English actor and playwright, born in London (d. 1934)
  • Jun 14 Robert M. La Follette, American lawyer and presidential candidate (Progressive), born in Primrose, Wisconsin (d. 1925)
  • Jun 17 Fritz Steinbach, German conductor and composer, born in Grünsfeld, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Jun 22 Sam Morris, Hobart, cricketer (Barbados parents only black Aus player)
  • Jun 23 Maude Valerie White, composer
  • Jul 3 Piotr Maszyński, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)
  • Jul 7 Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
  • Jul 9 Johann Zilcher, German composer (d. 1943)
  • Jul 14 Richard Samuel Hughes, Welsh composer and pianist, born in Aberystwyth, Wales (d. 1893)
  • Jul 16 Charles Francis Abdy Williams, composer (d. 1923)
  • Jul 19 Emil Paur, Austrian conductor, born in Czernowitz, Austria (d. 1932)
  • Jul 25 Edward Solomon, English composer, born in Lambeth, London (d. 1895)
  • Jul 26 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Oldenswort, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Jul 30 James E. Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History", born in NYC, New York (d. 1933)
  • Aug 3 Joe Hunter, Australian cricket wicket-keeper (England on 1884-85 Aust tour), born in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England (d. 1891)
  • Aug 11 John Hodges, Australian cricketer (d. 1933)
  • Aug 18 Alfred Wallis, English artist and mariner, born in Devonport, Devon, England (d. 1942)
  • Aug 20 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter (Laodania), born in Omsk, Russian Empire (d. 1909) [NS Sept 1]
  • Aug 31 Stefan Surzynski, Polish conductor and composer, born in Srem, Poland (d. 1919)
  • Sep 1 Innokenty Annensky, Omsk, Russian Empire, poet, critic and interpreter (poètes maudits)
  • Sep 6 Ferdinand Hummel, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1928)
  • Sep 7 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), born in Bristol, England (d. 1921)
  • Sep 9 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), born in Southsea, Hampshire, England (d. 1927)
  • Sep 9 Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-American oil exploration pioneer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • Sep 12 Jacobus of Looy, Dutch writer and painter (Death of My Cat), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Sep 12 Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician and 12th Premier of Quebec (1900-05), born in Beauport, Quebec City (d. 1920)
  • Sep 28 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)
  • Sep 29 Michele Esposito, Italian composer who worked in Ireland, born in Castellamare di Stabia (d. 1929)
  • Oct 8 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, born in Pforzheim, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1941)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), born in Mosonszentmiklós, Hungary (d. 1922)
  • Oct 12 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • Oct 14 George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl), born in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1915)
  • Oct 16 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian
  • Oct 16 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • Oct 24 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), born in Utica, New York (d. 1912)
  • Oct 28 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), born in Vershino estate, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 29 Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1939)
  • Nov 1 Guido Adler, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist (Still in the Music), born in Eibenschütz, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1942)
  • Nov 5 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1926)
  • Nov 5 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere), born in Paris (d. 1913)
  • Nov 6 Iosif Kotek, Russian composer and violinist, born in Kamenets-Podolsk, Ukraine (d. 1885)
  • Nov 6 Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist, born in Kenton County, Kentucky (d. 1942)
  • Nov 7 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1938)
  • Nov 13 Daniel François Scheurleer, Dutch musicologist and banker, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Nov 19 Billy Bates, English cricketer (England all-rounder 1882-87, hat-trick 1883), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 1900)
  • Nov 20 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), born in Grass Valley, California (d. 1916)
  • Nov 23 Frank Friday Fletcher, American Naval Admiral (Medal of Order for Battle of Veracruz), born in Oskaloosa, Iowa (d. 1928)
  • Nov 30 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, born in Voorschoten, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Dec 5 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist and ornithologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • Dec 10 Marios Varvoglis, Greek composer, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • Dec 10 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), born in West Harling, Norfolk, England (d. 1956)
  • Dec 11 Julian Edwards, American composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1910)
  • Dec 23 Alan Gray, British composer (Trinity College), born in York (d. 1935)
  • Dec 25 James Galvin, pitcher, shut-out every opposing team in 1884
  • Dec 26 Arnold Mendelssohn, German composer, born in Ratibor, Province of Silesia (d. 1933)
  • Dec 27 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist
  • Dec 30 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Song of Humanity)
  • Dec 31 Giovanni Pascoli, Italian classicist & poet, born in San Mauro Pascoli, Italy (d. 1912)