On This Day

Famous People Born in 1859

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 5 DeWitt Bristol Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer), born in Wilson, New York (d. 1905)
  • Jan 6 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral order & progress), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1938)
  • Jan 9 Carrie Chapman Catt, Ripon, Wisconsin, American women's suffrage leader and founder (League of Women Voters)
  • Jan 9 Frederik Pijper, Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
  • Jan 11 [Gerard] Jan Ligthart, Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • Jan 13 Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • Jan 13 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • Jan 15 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
  • Jan 19 Alice Eastwood, botanist (Handbook of Trees of California), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Jan 21 Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, composer
  • Jan 24 Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky, composer

Person of interestWilhelm II

Jan 27 Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin (d. 1941)

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 30 Tony Mullane, Irish-American baseball player, born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1944)
  • Feb 1 Victor Herbert, composer (Babes in Toyland, Kiss in Dark), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Feb 2 Havelock Ellis, American physician/sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • Feb 3 Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)

  • Feb 4 Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • Feb 8 John H Been, town's archivist of Brielle (Baasje & Witkop)
  • Feb 10 Alexandre Millerand, French President (d. 1943)
  • Feb 13 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist
  • Feb 13 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • Feb 14 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1896)
  • Feb 19 Svante August Arhenius, Swedish physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • Mar 2 Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz], Yiddish author and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof, Tevye the Dairyman), born in Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (d. 1916)
  • Mar 8 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • Mar 8 Otto Taubmann, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1929)
  • Mar 12 Josef Cyril Sychra, composer
  • Mar 12 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • Mar 13 Ivo Bligh, British noble (8th Earl of Darnley) and cricketer (Lord Darnley England capt v Australia 1882-83), born in Westminster, London (d. 1927)
  • Mar 16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • Mar 26 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)A
  • Mar 26 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Mar 27 George Giffen, Australian cricketer (one of Australia's greatest all-rounders), born in Norwood, South Australia (d. 1927)
  • Apr 3 Reginald De Koven, American composer, born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1920)
  • Apr 5 Wilhelm Harteveld, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1927)

  • Apr 7 Walter Camp, father of American football (Yale), born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 1925)
  • Apr 8 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • Apr 11 Basil Harwood, English organist and composer, born in Woodhouse, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1949)
  • Apr 16 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • Apr 18 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (Sanatorium High-Laren), born in Roermond, The Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • May 1 Bohuslav Jeremiáš, Czech composer, born in Řestoky, Czechia (d. 1918)
  • May 1 Willem Johannes Leyds, Dutch-South Africa lawyer and diplomat (State Secretary of the South African Republic), born in Magelang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • May 2 Eugène d'Harcourt, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1918)
  • May 2 Jerome K. Jerome, English writer (The Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow), born in Walsall, Staffordshire, England (d. 1927)
  • May 3 Andy Adams, American writer (Log of a Cowboy), born in Indiana (d. 1935)
  • May 6 Luis María Drago, Argentine statesman and author of Drago Doctrine, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1921)
  • May 6 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice), born in Amsterdam (d. 1938)
  • May 8 Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • May 13 August Enna, Danish composer (The Witch), (d. 1939)
  • May 15 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France (d. 1906)

Person of interestArthur Conan Doyle

May 22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • May 30 Pierre Janet, French psychologist and neurologist (contributed to the modern concept of mental and emotional disorders involving anxiety, phobias, and other abnormal behaviour), born in Paris (d. 1947)
  • Jun 8 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 10 Jacques Perk, Dutch poet (Iris, Wood Song), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1881)

Person of interestThomas J. Walsh

Jun 12 Thomas J. Walsh, United States Senator (Montana), born in Two Rivers, Wisconsin (d. 1933)

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • Jun 21 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1937)
  • Jun 22 Frank Heino Damrosch, author/musician/teacher (found Inst of Music)
  • Jun 23 Florentinus M Wibaut, Amsterdams social alderman (building of houses)
  • Jun 27 Mildred J. Hill, American composer and musician (Happy Birthday To You), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1916)
  • Jul 6 Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish poet and novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916), born in Olshammar, Örebro County, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • Jul 8 Hank O'Day, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher/umpire/manager (umpire 10 World Series), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1935)
  • Jul 13 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • Jul 14 Willy Hess, German violinist, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1928)
  • Jul 17 Luis Muñoz Rivera, Puerto Rican journalist (founded Federalist Party), born in Barranquitas, Puerto Rico (d. 1916)
  • Jul 30 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire (d. 1939)
  • Jul 30 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1951)
  • Aug 4 Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1920), born in Lom, Gudbrandsdalen, Norway (d. 1952)
  • Aug 6 Arthur Berson, German meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon), born in Nowy Sącz (d. 1942)
  • Aug 12 Katharine Lee Bates, American author (America the Beautiful)
  • Aug 19 Charles Comiskey, American baseball player, team owner and manager (Chicago White Sox), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1931)
  • Aug 19 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • Sep 3 Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves), born in Castres, Second French Empire (d. 1914)
  • Sep 4 Edoardo Mascheroni, Italian composer, born in Milan (d. 1941)
  • Sep 11 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian Realist writer (Pavao Šegota), born in Senj, Croatia (d. 1905)
  • Sep 16 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), born in Xiangcheng, Henan, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1916)
  • Sep 17 Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1942)
  • Sep 17 Richard Henry Warren, American organist and composer, born in Albany, New York (d. 1933)
  • Sep 18 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), born in Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Sep 18 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher and politician, born in Indiana, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • Sep 21 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron and writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave), born in Nevele, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Sep 24 Julius Klengel, German cellist and composer, born in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1933)
  • Oct 3 Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (Les Misérables, Thérèse Raquin), born near Vigevano, Italy (d. 1924)
  • Oct 9 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1935)
  • Oct 14 Camille Chevillard, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1923)
  • Oct 15 Jaime de Magalhães Lima, Portuguese author and poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro), born in Vera Cruz, Portugal (d. 1936)
  • Oct 16 Henryk Pachulski, Polish composer, born in Lazy, Poland (d. 1921)
  • Oct 17 William "Buck" Ewing, hall of fame catcher (NY Giants, Cincinnati Reds)
  • Oct 18 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • Oct 18 Paolo Orsi, Rovereto, Italian Archaeologist (Sicilian excavations)
  • Oct 20 George Studd, English cricket batsman (4 Tests; Middlesex), born in Netheravon, Wiltshire, England (d. 1945)

Person of interestJohn Dewey

Oct 20 John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1952)

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • Oct 25 Hélène Swarth, Dutch author (Lonely Flowers), born in Amsterdam (d. 1941)
  • Oct 26 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1932)
  • Oct 29 Charles Ebbets, American sports executive (co-owner of Brooklyn Dodgers 1897-1902), born in NYC, New York (d. 1925)
  • Nov 1 Charles Brantley Aycock, 50th Governor of North Carolina (1901-05), born in Wayne County, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • Nov 1 W. H. Grattan Flood, Irish author and composer, born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland (d. 1928)
  • Nov 1 Bid McPhee, American Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman (Cincinnati Reds; last 2nd baseman to play without a glove), born in Massena, NY (d. 1943)
  • Nov 4 Stanisław Niewiadomski, Polish composer, born in Soposzyn (d. 1936)
  • Nov 13 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), born in Ruda bei Neumark, West Prussia (d. 1911)
  • Nov 15 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (3 weeks), born in Skotselv, Øvre Eiker, Norway (d. 1960)
  • Nov 17 Gerhard Rusenkrone Schjelderup, composer
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
  • Nov 22 Cecil Sharp, British collector of English folk music and dance, born in London, England (d. 1924)

Person of interestBilly the Kid

Nov 23 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, born in NYC, New York (d. 1881)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Nov 24 Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)
  • Nov 30 Sergei Lyapunov, Russian composer and pianist, born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1924)

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

Dec 2 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat

Person of interestJohn Rushworth Jellicoe

Dec 5 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Southampton, England (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe
  • Dec 9 Algernon Ashton, British composer, born in Durham, England (d. 1937)
  • Dec 12 Edward R. Bradley, American businessman and horse owner (1st to own 4 Kentucky Derby winners), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1946)
  • Dec 12 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), born in Paris (d. 1945)
  • Dec 15 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • Dec 17 Paul César Helleu, French artist (d. 1927)
  • Dec 20 Antonius Derkinderen, Dutch painter & artist, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1925)
  • Dec 21 Gustave Kahn, French symbolist poet & art critic, born in Metz, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 24 Roman Statkowski, Polish composer, born in Szczypiorno, Poland (d. 1925)
  • Dec 25 Raoul Gunsbourg, composer
  • Dec 26 Johan F van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist
  • Dec 26 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (d. 1944)
  • Dec 27 William Henry Hadow, British educational reformer and musicologist (Oxford History of Music, Studies in Modern Music), born in Ebrington, Gloucestshire (d. 1937)
  • Dec 28 Gerard Brucken Fock, Dutch composer and painter, born in Koudekerke, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Dec 28 John W Fortescue, military historian
  • Dec 29 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican revolutionary and President of Mexico (1915-20), born in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1920)
  • Dec 29 Jack Simpson, Scottish golfer (British Open 1884), born in Earlsferry, Fife (d. 1895)
  • Dec 30 Josef Bohuslav Foerster, composer
  • Dec 31 Max Fiedler, German conductor and composer, born in Zittau, Saxony, (d. 1939)