On This Day

Famous People Born in 1861

  • Jan 2 Helen Herron Taft, American First lady (1909-13) as wife of President William Howard Taft, planted Washington's cherry trees, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • Jan 3 William Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1881-6, 89), born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1904)
  • Jan 3 Ernest Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1888), born in Leamington, England (d. 1899)
  • Jan 5 Heinrich Gottlieb Noren, Austrian violinist and composer (Kaleidoscope), born in Graz (d. 1928)
  • Jan 6 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • Jan 6 Victor Horta, Belgium architect, founder of Art Nouveau movement (Hôtel Tassel), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher & psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1934)
  • Jan 13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), born in Cunewalde, Germany (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist (alumino-thermic process), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1923)
  • Jan 18 Raymond Huntington Woodman, American organist, choirmaster (Brooklyn First Pres­by­ter­i­an Church, 1880–1941), and hymn composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1943)
  • Jan 22 Karel Stecker, Czech organist, pedagogue, and composer of organ and sacred music, born on Kosmanos, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1918)
  • Jan 30 Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler [Martin Karl Löffler], German-American violinist and composer, born in Schöneberg, Germany (d. 1935)
  • Feb 2 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • Feb 2 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Feb 12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • Feb 12 Jim McLaughlin, American Hall of Fame thoroughbred jockey (Kentucky Derby 1881, Preakness Stakes 1885, 6 x Belmont Stakes), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1927)
  • Feb 13 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 15 Halford John Mackinder, British geographer (Britain and the British Seas), born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 17 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • Feb 20 Nicolaas van Meeteren, Curacao, folklorist
  • Feb 21 Pierre de Bréville, French composer, author and professor (Une histoire du théâtre lyrique en France), born in Bar-le-Duc, Meuse (d. 1949)
  • Feb 26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Feb 27 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
  • Mar 19 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • Apr 9 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • Apr 15 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet, born in Fredericton, New Brunswick (d. 1929)
  • Apr 16 Isaac Murphy, American jockey (won 628 races), born in Clark County, Kentucky (d. 1896)
  • Apr 19 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, born in Beselare, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, British Fieldmarshal, General at Battle of Megiddo, born in Brackenhurst, England (d. 1936)
  • Apr 25 Marco Enrico Bossi, Italian concert organist, composer and teacher, born in Salò, Lombardy, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1925)
  • Apr 27 Georgy Catoire, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1926)
  • Apr 27 Johan Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte), born in Øsløs, Thisted, Denmark (d. 1936)
  • May 3 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, born in Belton, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • May 6 Motilal Nehru, Indian lawyer and freedom fighter, born in Agra, British India (d. 1931)

Rabindranath Tagore

May 7 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1941)

  • May 11 Frederick Russell Burnham, American scout and adventurer whose friendship with Baden-Powell inspired the founding of the international scouting movement, born in Tivoli, a Dakota Sioux Indian reservation in modern-day Minnesota, (d. 1947)
  • May 12 Ivan Caryll [Félix Tilkin], Belgian composer of operetta and musical comedy (The Shop Girl; The Spring Chicken; The Pink Lady), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1921)

H. H. Holmes

May 16 H. H. Holmes [Herman Webster Mudgett], American serial killer associated with 27 deaths, born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire (d. 1896)

Nellie Melba

May 19 Nellie Melba [Helen Mitchell], Australian operatic soprano, and face of the Australian 100 dollar note, born in Richmond, Victoria, Australia (d. 1931)

  • May 27 Victoria Earle Matthews, American author and activist, born in Fort Valley, Georgia (d. 1907)
  • May 31 Emily Bissell, American welfare worker and founder of Christmas Seals, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1948)
  • Jun 9 Floris Verster [van Wulverhorst], Dutch painter, cartoonist and etcher, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Jun 10 Joseph Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • Jun 10 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • Jun 11 Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba, Ukrainian-Russian composer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1915)
  • Jun 12 William Attewell, English cricket bowler (England in 10 Tests 1884-1891), born in Keyworth, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1927)
  • Jun 16 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian
  • Jun 17 Sidney Jones, British conductor and composer (The Geisha, A Gaiety Girl), born in Islington, London (d. 1946)
  • Jun 17 Pete Browning, American baseball player, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1905)
  • Jun 17 Omar Bundy, U.S. Army general (Spanish–American War in Cuba), born in New Castle, Indiana (d. 1940)
  • Jun 18 José Trindade Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores), born in Mogadouro, Portugal (d. 1908)

Douglas Haig

Jun 19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

Jose Rizal

Jun 19 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

  • Jun 20 Arthur Battelle Whiting, American composer and teacher, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • Jun 20 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (Commander of the East Asia Squadron during WWI), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), born in Le Sueur, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • Jul 1 Samuel D. Riddle, American thoroughbred owner (Man 'o War, War Admiral), born in Glen Riddle, Pennsylvania (d. 1951)
  • Jul 1 John Clarkson, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (Triple Crown 1889), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1909)
  • Jul 3 Peter Jackson, Australian heavyweight boxer (International Boxing Hall of Fame), born in Christiansted, US Virgin Islands (d. 1901)
  • Jul 11 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • Jul 12 Anton Arensky, Russian composer, born in Novgorod, Russia (d. 1906)
  • Jul 23 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Jul 25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault, born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • Jul 29 Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, 1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt, born in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (d. 1884)
  • Jul 29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • Aug 1 Sammy Jones, Australian cricket batsman (12 Tests; NSW, Queensland, Auckland), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1951)
  • Aug 2 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), born in Khulna, British India (d. 1944)

Edith Roosevelt

Aug 6 Edith Roosevelt [Carrow], US First Lady and wife of Teddy Roosevelt, born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1948)

  • Aug 8 William Bateson, English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • Aug 9 Wilhelm Berger, German composer, pianist and conductor, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • Aug 10 Almroth Wright, English bacteriologist (one of 1st vaccines for typhoid), born in Yorkshire England (d. 1947)
  • Aug 14 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor, born in Casnovia, Michigan (d. 1942)
  • Sep 10 Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (Trold, der vejrer kristenblod), born in Vejen, Denmark (d. 1941)
  • Sep 11 Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and writer (Panu, Tuomio), born in Lapinlahti, Finland (d. 1921)
  • Sep 17 Owen Seaman, British poet and editor (Punch), born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1936)
  • Sep 20 Herbert Putnam, American Librarian of Congress, born in NYC, New York (d. 1955)
  • Sep 23 Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • Sep 28 Pedro De Cordoba, American actor (Club Havana, Swamp Fire, Saboteur), born in NYC, New York (d. 1950)
  • Sep 28 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, born in Twickenham, London (d. 1951)
  • Sep 30 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)
  • Oct 4 Frederic Remington, American artist and sculptor of American West, born in Canton, New York (d. 1909)
  • Oct 4 João Marcelino Arroio, Portuguese composer (Amor de Perdiçâo), born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1930)
  • Oct 8 Theodore Roberts, American actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1928)

Fridtjof Nansen

Oct 10 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Peace Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania (d. 1930)

  • Oct 14 Bjarni Thorsteinsson, Icelandic organist, composer, musical folklorist, and priest, born Melur, Mýrasýsla, Iceland (d. 1938)
  • Oct 14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • Oct 16 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • Oct 26 Richard Sears, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1881-87), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1943)
  • Oct 29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter, born in Borisoglebsk Uyezd (d. 1904)
  • Oct 30 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor, born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, France (d. 1929)
  • Nov 3 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian and archaeologist, born in Dippach, Luxembourg (d. 1941)

James Naismith

Nov 6 James Naismith, Canadian-American physical educator and inventor (basketball, football helmet), born in Almonte, Ontario (d. 1939)

  • Nov 7 Jeff Milton, American lawman, born in Marianna, Florida (d. 1947)
  • Nov 10 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • Nov 14 Frederick Jackson Turner, Wisc, historian/educator (Harvard U)
  • Nov 16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (1933)
  • Nov 18 Dorothy Dix [Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer], American journalist and columnist, born in Woodstock, Tennessee (d. 1951)
  • Nov 22 Ranavalona III, Queen of Madagascar (1883-1897) last sovereign of Madagascar, born in Amparibe, Madagascar (d. 1917)
  • Nov 23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • Nov 24 João da Cruz, Brazilian poet, born in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1898)

Albert B. Fall

Nov 26 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Frankfort, Kentucky

  • Nov 30 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Nov 30 Ludwig Thuille, Austrian composer (sextet for piano and wind quintet), born in Bozen, Tyrol (now Bozano, Italy) (d. 1907)
  • Dec 4 Lillian Russell [Helen Leonard], American singer and actress (Great Mogul), born in Clinton, Iowa (d. 1922)
  • Dec 5 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1928)
  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), born in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Roussillon, France (d. 1944)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 8 George Méliès, French early filmmaker (A trip to the Moon), born in Paris (d. 1938)
  • Dec 15 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 17 Fritz Volbach, German conductor, musicologist and composer (Raffael), born in Wipperfürth, Germany (d. 1940)
  • Dec 18 Lionel Monckton, British composer (Edwardian musical comedy), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • Dec 19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology), born in Clausthal, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)