On This Day

Famous People Born in 1863

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 1 Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian (founder International Olympic Committee), born in Paris, France (d. 1937)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator, born in Valkenburg, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)

Person of interestDavid Lloyd George

Jan 17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 17 Henry Charles Tonking, British organist and composer, born in Camborne, Cornwall (d. 1926)
  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • Feb 5 Armand Parent, composer
  • Feb 7 Mieczyslaw Soltys, composer
  • Feb 9 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England

  • Feb 17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • Feb 19 Emánuel Moór, Hungarian composer, pianist, and inventor of musical instruments, born in Kecskemét, Hungary (d. 1931)
  • Feb 23 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 10 E J Ratcliffe [Edward], British stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • Mar 11 Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (My Dear Victorious Stod)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian writer/military hero (Intruder)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 20 Ernesto Nazareth, composer
  • Mar 21 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)
  • Apr 2 Mabel Cahill, Irish tennis player (US National C'ship 1891-92), born in Ballyragget, County Kilkenny (d. 1905)

  • Apr 3 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Apr 12 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • Apr 17 Johannes Petrus Boskaljon, Curacaoian composer and conductor, born in Willemstad (d. 1936)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 19 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • Apr 22 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

Apr 29 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • May 5 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • May 12 Charles Bordes, composer
  • May 14 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • May 18 William Heinemann, English publisher (Heinnemann), born in Surbiton, England (d. 1920)
  • May 24 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • May 26 Robert Fitzsimmons, English boxing champion, born in Helston, England (d. 1917)
  • May 27 Arthur Mold, English cricket fast bowler (England 3 Tests; 1,673 1st class wickets), born in Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire (d. 1921)
  • May 28 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1908)
  • May 31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • Jun 2 Paul Felix Weingartner, German conductor (Zara, Dalmatia)
  • Jun 4 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, born in Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • Jun 5 Arthur Somervell, English composer, born in Windermere, Westmorland (d. 1937)
  • Jun 10 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Eline Vere), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • Jun 11 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), born in Ediger-Eller, Germany (d. 1930)
  • Jun 13 Josef Venantius von Woss, Austrian composer, born in Kotor, Montenegro (d. 1943)
  • Jun 13 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 1935)
  • Jun 16 Paul Antonin Vidal, composer
  • Jun 17 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Jun 18 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 21 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Jun 25 Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • Jun 29 James Harvey Robinson, American historian (Ordeal of Civilization), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1936)
  • Jul 1 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12 Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), born in Nice, France (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 19 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), born in Linz, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Jul 19 Dwijendralal Ray, Bengali poet, playwright and lyricist (Dwijendrageeti), born in Krishnanagar, British India (d. 1913)
  • Jul 21 C Aubrey Smith [Charles], British actor (The Prisoner of Zenda), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • Jul 22 Alec Hearne, English cricketer (brother of George and Frank, Kent 1884-1910, born in Ealing (d. 1952))
  • Jul 26 Jāzeps Vītols, Latvian composer, born in Valmiera, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • Jul 26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • Jul 28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestHenry Ford

Jul 30 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Aug 1 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), born in Aigues-Vives, France (d. 1937)
  • Aug 11 Arpad Szendy, composer
  • Aug 14 Ernest Thayer, American poet who wrote the famous baseball poem "Casey", born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1940)
  • Aug 15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • Aug 17 Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1918)
  • Aug 30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 8 Gustavo Campa, Mexican composer, born in Mexico City (d. 1934)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)

  • Sep 15 Horatio Parker, American organist and composer, born in Auburndale, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Sep 21 John Bunny, American film comedian, born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse (d. 1928)

  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • Oct 8 Edythe Chapman, American actress (Beyond the Rocks), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1948)
  • Oct 9 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1912)
  • Oct 10 Helen Dunbar, American actress (Fine Manners, Beyond the Rocks), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux, French composer, born in Velletri, Italy (d. 1919)
  • Oct 13 Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer and inventor (Rateau steam turbine), born in Royan, France (d. 1930)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Oct 24 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), born in Cartagena, Murcia (d. 1929)
  • Nov 1 Alfred Reisenauer, German pianist and composer, born in Königsberg (d. 1907)
  • Nov 3 Eugène Samuel-Holeman, Belgian composer, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1942)
  • Nov 3 Billy Murphy, New Zealand boxer (world featherweight champion 1890; first world champion in any class from NZ), born in Auckland, NZ (d. 1939)
  • Nov 3 Blanche Bingley-Hillyard, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1886, 89, 94, 97, 99-1900), born in Greenford, England (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 René Viviani, French historian and 61st Prime Minister of France (1914-15), born in Sidi Bel Abbès, French Algeria (d. 1925)
  • Nov 11 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), born in Paris (d. 1935)

Person of interestLeo Baekeland

Nov 14 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1944)

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Nov 18 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, born in Hermsdorf, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • Nov 20 Maria H "Mina" Beersmans, Flemish actress (Black Griet) and wife of John Dilis (d. 1939)
  • Nov 21 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), born in Bodmin, Cornwall (d. 1944)

  • Nov 29 Spyridon Filiskos Samaras, composer
  • Nov 30 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)
  • Nov 30 Gellio Benevenuto Coronaro, Italian pianist and composer, born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1916)
  • Dec 2 Gustav Wohlgemuth, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1937)
  • Dec 2 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus), born in McGregor, Iowa (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), born in Paris (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and investor, born in Thompson, Ohio (d. 1914)
  • Dec 7 John Ebenezer West, English composer, born in Hackney, London (d. 1929)
  • Dec 7 Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), born in Livorno, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Dec 7 Svetolik Ranković, Serbian writer (Forest King), born in Velika Moštanica, Principality of Serbia (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7 Felix Calonder, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party), born in Scuol, Switzerland

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

Dec 11 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon

Person of interestEdvard Munch

Dec 12 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Dec 13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Dec 15 Arthur Dehon Little, American chemist (patented rayon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • Dec 16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • Dec 16 Ralph Adams Cram, American gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC)
  • Dec 17 Ion Vidu, Romanian composer and conductor, born in Mânerău, Arad district (d. 1931)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

Dec 18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Dec 22 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)
  • Dec 22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, French military officer & explorer in Africa, born in Thoissey, France (d. 1934)
  • Dec 25 Charles Pathé, French pioneer of film and record industries (Pathé Brothers, 1896), born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • Dec 31 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno), born in Senigallia, Italy (d. 1939)