On This Day

Famous People Born in 1865

  • Jan 1 Giuseppe Ferrata, composer
  • Jan 3 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)
  • Jan 5 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1920)
  • Jan 10 Mary Ingalls, sister of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder, born in Pepin County, Wisconsin (d. 1928)
  • Jan 13 Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • Jan 17 Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)
  • Jan 20 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
  • Jan 22 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist
  • Jan 23 Benjamin Delmonte, Dutch theater director & actor (Black Haired Whore), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Jan 28 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
  • Jan 28 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
  • Jan 30 Samuel Pierre l'Honoré Naber, Dutch rear-admiral and librarian, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • Jan 31 Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, born in Toropets District, Pskov, Russian Empire (d. 1925)

Henri Desgrange

Jan 31 Henri Desgrange, French cyclist and journalist, founder of the Tour-de-France, born in Paris, France (d. 1940)

  • Jan 31 Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
  • Feb 3 Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Will Power)
  • Feb 4 Charles Bally, Swiss linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • Feb 5 Harvey Worthington Loomis, American composer (Lyrics of the Red Man), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1930)
  • Feb 9 Erich von Drygalski, German geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic expl
  • Feb 9 Mrs Patrick Campbell [Beatrice Tanner], English actress (Pygmalion), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • Feb 12 Kazimierz P. Tetmajer, Polish writer and poet (Young Poland)
  • Feb 19 Adrian van Oordt, Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • Feb 19 Sven Hedin, Swedish scientist and explorer (Tibet)
  • Feb 21 John Haden Badley, English school founder (d. 1967)
  • Feb 22 Otto Modersohn, German painter
  • Feb 23 Barney Dreyfuss, baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • Feb 28 Arthur Symons, Welsh poet/critic/co-founder (Savoy)
  • Feb 28 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, born in Neston, England (d. 1940)
  • Mar 1 Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
  • Mar 1 Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • Mar 2 Théophile "Théo" Ysaÿe, Belgian composer and pianist, born in Verviers, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • Mar 3 Alexander Winkler, Russian composer, born in Kharkiv, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1935)
  • Mar 8 Frederick William Goudy, American printer and type designer, born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1947)
  • Mar 9 Margaret Murray Washington, Wife of Booker T. Washington and Lady Principal of Tuskegee, born in Macon, Mississippi (d. 1925)
  • Mar 10 Pim [Willem JH] Mulier, Dutch journalist/writer/sport-organizer
  • Mar 16 Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball outfielder (Pittsburgh Pirates, St. Louis Cardinals) and manager (Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Washington Sens, Brooklyn Superbas, Boston RS), born in Queenstown, Ireland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 19 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • Mar 21 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • Mar 25 Pierre Weiss, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1940)
  • Mar 30 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist
  • Apr 1 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • Apr 9 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Erich Ludendorff

Apr 9 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

  • Apr 10 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, born in Dover Center, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • Apr 13 Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer, born in Pressburg (d. 1922)
  • Apr 16 Harry Chauvel, Australian Imperial Force senior officer, born in Tabulam, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1945)
  • Apr 17 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • Apr 23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • Apr 26 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, born in Pori, Finland (d. 1931) [1]
  • Apr 28 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist, born in Champaign, Illinois (d. 1940)
  • Apr 30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)

Clyde Fitch

May 2 Clyde Fitch, American playwright (Nathan Hale, The Girl with the Green Eyes), born in Elmira, New York (d. 1909) [1]

  • May 5 Felicjan Szopski, Polish composer, born in Krzeszowice, Poland (d. 1939)

Nellie Bly

May 5 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), born in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania (d. 1922)

  • May 9 August de Boeck, Flemish composer, born in Merchtem, Belgium (d. 1937)
  • May 15 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion)
  • May 22 Enric Morera i Viura, Spanish musician and composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1942)
  • May 23 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • May 25 Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony (1904-18), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1932)
  • May 25 John Mott, American evangelist and organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946), born in Livingston Manor, Sullivan County, New York (d. 1955)
  • May 25 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel Prize 1902), born in Zonnemaire, Schouwen-Duiveland (d. 1943)
  • May 26 Robert W. Chambers, American artist and fiction writer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1933)
  • May 28 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), born in Leerdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Jun 2 George Lohmann, England cricket medium pace bowler (18 Tests, 112 wickets @ 10.75), born in Kensington, England (d. 1901)

George V

Jun 3 George V, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

  • Jun 4 Guido Gasperini, Italian composer, born in Florence (d. 1942)
  • Jun 9 Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist and composer (Det Uudslukkelige), born in Sortelung, Denmark (d. 1931)
  • Jun 9 Lucien-Denis-Gabriel-Alberic Magnard, French composer
  • Jun 10 Frederick Cook, American explorer, claimed to have 1st discovered North Pole, born in Callicoon, New York (d. 1940)
  • Jun 11 J. H. Leopold, Dutch poet (translated Omar Khayyam), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1925)
  • Jun 13 W. B. Yeats, Irish poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923), born in Sandymount, Ireland (d. 1939)
  • Jun 14 Auguste Serieyx, French composer and pedagogue, born in Amiens, France (d. 1949)
  • Jun 15 L H Perquin, Dutch religious radio speaker
  • Jun 15 Paul Gilson, Belgian composer, born in Brussels (d. 1942)
  • Jun 19 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and businessman, born in Hanover (d. 1951)
  • Jun 19 May Whitty, British actress (Mrs Miniver, Suspicion), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1948)
  • Jun 21 Herbert Brewer, English composer, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1928)
  • Jun 24 Robert Henri, American painter (The Eight) and leader of Ashcan school of painting, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1929)
  • Jun 26 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • Jun 26 Charles Bonin, French explorer and diplomat (China), born in Poissy, France (d. 1929)
  • Jun 26 George C. Pearce, American actor (The Shadow Sinister, British Agent, Valiant), born in NYC, New York (d. 1940)
  • Jun 28 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • Jun 29 Shigechiyo Izumi, once thought to be the world's oldest man ever but birth date now disputed (120 y 237 d), born in Isen, Tokunoshima, Satsuma Domain, Japan (d. 1986)
  • Jun 29 William E. Borah, American lawyer and politician (Republican U.S. Senator from Idaho), born in Fairfield, Illinois (d. 1940)
  • Jul 2 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • Jul 6 Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician, composer, and pedagogue (Dalcroze Eurythmics), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • Jul 10 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Steurtjes), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Jul 10 Bobby Lowe, American baseball second baseman (first player to hit 4 HRs in one MLB game, 1894), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1951)
  • Jul 14 Annie Jones, American bearded lady (appeared in P. T. Barnum circus), born in Marion, Virginia (d. 1902)
  • Jul 15 Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe
  • Jul 15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Jul 16 George A. Birmingham, Irish clergyman and novelist, born in Belfast (d. 1950)
  • Jul 18 Laurence Housman, English author and playwright (Victoria Regina), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1959)
  • Jul 19 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • Jul 21 Robert Kahn, German composer, born in Mannheim (d. 1951)
  • Jul 23 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • Jul 23 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • Jul 25 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Contact with Plants), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Jul 26 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • Jul 29 Nicola Spinelli, composer
  • Aug 2 Irving Babbitt, American writer (Rousseau & Romanticism), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • Aug 2 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1955)
  • Aug 4 Gus Kempis, South African cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test), born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1890)
  • Aug 7 Micha Josef Berdyczewski, Jewish writer, born in Medzhybizh, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • Aug 10 Alexander Glazunov, Russian pianist, composer (Chopiniana; Stenka Razin), and educator (St Petersburg Conservatory, 1899-1930), born in St.Petersburg, Russia (d. 1936)
  • Aug 14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
  • Aug 15 Johan Bernard Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga), born in Heerenveen, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • Aug 15 Mikao Usui, Japanese founder of Reiki (form of spiritual practice), born in Gifu Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)
  • Aug 15 Louisa Aldrich-Blake, British pioneering surgeon, born in Chingford, Essex (d. 1925)
  • Aug 20 Bernard Tancred, South African cricketer (87 runs in 1888-89 South Africa v England), born in Port Elizabeth, Cape Province (d. 1911)
  • Aug 22 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • Aug 24 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • Aug 27 Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States, banker and 1925 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Marietta, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • Aug 27 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 1935)
  • Sep 3 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1920)
  • Sep 8 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1924)
  • Sep 9 Edwin H. Lemare, British organist and composer (Andantino in D-flat, also known as "Moonlight and Roses"), born in Ventnor, on the Isle of Wight (d. 1934)
  • Sep 11 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • Sep 11 Alfred Hollins, British composer, born in Hull, Yorkshire (d. 1942)
  • Sep 15 Henri Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie) (d. 1937)
  • Sep 15 Nicolaus Adriani, Dutch linguist (Middle-Celebes languages), born in Oud-Loosdrecht, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1926)
  • Sep 20 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, born in Klatovy, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • Sep 23 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • Sep 26 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English aviator and ornithologist, born in Stockbridge, Hampshire, England (d. 1937)
  • Sep 30 Bonnor Middleton, South African cricket fast bowler (6 Tests, 24 wickets; Western Province), born in Chester-le-Street, Co Durham, England (d. 1913)
  • Oct 1 Paul Dukas, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • Oct 3 Johan Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname), born in Noordwolde, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • Oct 4 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • Oct 10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • Oct 11 Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian philological and writer (Mot Karnaval), born in Øksfjord, Norway (d. 1926)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • Oct 15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • Oct 17 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • Oct 18 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • Oct 18 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • Oct 22 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and one of the founders of the Estonian National Museum, born in Kirikuküla, Vinni Parish, Estonia (d. 1943)
  • Oct 23 Neltje Blanchan, American nature writer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1918)
  • Oct 26 Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman, who dies aboard the Titanic, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • Oct 27 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)
  • Nov 1 Monty Bowden, English cricket wicketkeeper and captain (2 Tests; youngest England captain at 23 years, 144 days), born in Stockwell, Surrey (d. 1892)

Warren G. Harding

Nov 2 Warren G. Harding, 29th US President (1921-23), born in Blooming Grove, Ohio (d. 1923)

  • Nov 12 Frans "Sas" van Aerschot, Flemish operetta actor (Paljas), (d. 1939)
  • Nov 17 John Stanley Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), born in Hickson, Ontario (d. 1941)
  • Nov 23 Howard Taylor, American tennis player (US National C'ships doubles 1879; singles 1884, 86, 87, 88 runner-up), born in NYC, New York (d. 1920)
  • Nov 26 Earl Ross Drake, American composer, born in Aurora, Illinois (d. 1916)
  • Nov 27 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombian poet (Nocturno III), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1896)

Edith Cavell

Dec 4 Edith Cavell, British nurse (WWI), born in Swardeston, Norfolk, England (d. 1915)

  • Dec 4 Luther Gulick, American Basketball Hall of Fame contributor (basketball pioneer; international official), born in Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands (d. 1918)
  • Dec 8 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (proved the prime number theorem), born in Versailles, France (d. 1963)

Jean Sibelius

Dec 8 Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia), born in Tavastehus, Finland (d. 1957)

  • Dec 13 Gustav Luders, German-American composer, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1913)
  • Dec 16 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor
  • Dec 19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • Dec 19 Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1932)
  • Dec 20 Maud Gonne, English-born Irish revolutionary, born in Tongham, United Kingdom (d. 1953)
  • Dec 20 Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1950)
  • Dec 25 Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
  • Dec 28 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)

Rudyard Kipling

Dec 30 Rudyard Kipling, English author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1936)