Famous People Born in 1866

  • Jan 2 Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • Jan 8 William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 9 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Jan 13 Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer influenced by folksong, born in Voina, Russia (d. 1901
  • Jan 15 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop & recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1931)
  • Jan 19 Harry Davenport, American actor and director (Her Unborn Child, My Sin), born in NYC, New York (d. 1949)
  • Jan 20 Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (had affair with Oscar Wilde, father of actress Eva Le Gallienne), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1947)
  • Jan 25 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • Jan 29 Romain Rolland, French writer (Jean-Christophe, Nobel Prize for Literature 1915), born in Clamecy, France (d. 1944)
  • Jan 30 Gelett Burgess, American humorist & author (The Purple Cow), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1951)
  • Jan 31 Emil Strauss, German writer (Naked Man) (d. 1960)
  • Jan 31 Henry Forster, British politician (Governor-General of Australia 1920-25) and cricketer (Oxford blue 1887-89), born in Catford, England (d. 1936)
  • Feb 5 Arthur Keith, Scottish anthropologist (human evolution), born in Persley Aberdeenshire (d. 1955)
  • Feb 5 Rossetter Gleason Cole, American composer (Heroes of Freedom), born in Clyde, Michigan (d. 1952)
  • Feb 6 Karl Sapper, German traveller & natural historian (d. 1945)
  • Feb 7 (Rafaël) "Raf" Verhulst, Flemish poet, journaliat, playwright (Jesus of Nazarus; Semini's Children), and educator, born in Wommelgem, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • Feb 9 George Ade, American playwright, writer and humorist (Counsel Widow, Fables in Slang), born in Kentland, Indiana (d. 1944)
  • Feb 10 Bror Beckman, Swedish composer, born in Kristinehamn, Sweden (d. 1929)
  • Feb 10 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer and historian, born in Alicante, Spain (d. 1951)
  • Feb 15 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • Feb 16 Billy Hamilton, American Baseball HOF outfielder (NL batting champion 1891, 93; 5 × NL stolen base leader; KC Cowboys, Philadelphia Phillies), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1940)
  • Feb 16 Johann Strauss III, Austrian composer and conductor (Dem Muthigen gehört die Welt), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • Feb 20 Carl Westman, Swedish architect and designer (d. 1936)
  • Feb 24 Arthur Pearson, English newspaper proprietor (Daily Express), born in Wookey, Somerset England (d. 1921)
  • Feb 24 Hubert Van Innis, Belgian archer (6 x Olympic gold, 3 x silver 1900, 20), born in Elewijt, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Feb 24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • Feb 25 Benedetto Croce, Italian historian, editor philosopher and politician (La Critica), born in Pescasseroli, Italy (d. 1952)

Herbert Henry DowHerbert Henry Dow (1866-1930)

Feb 26 American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), born in Ontario, Canada

  • Feb 28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • Mar 3 Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • Mar 10 Amanda Aldridge, British opera singer, pianist, teacher, and composer of parlour songs and light orchestral pieces music, born in Upper Norwood, London, England (d. 1956)
  • Mar 14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Mar 15 Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • Mar 15 Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • Mar 17 Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
  • Mar 18 Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu, Romanian composer known for sacred choral works, and ethno-musicologist, born in Bucharest, Romanian United Principalities (now Romania) (d. 1928)
  • Mar 18 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Mar 20 Robert Poore, Irish cricket batsman (3 Tests for South Africa; Hampshire), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1938)
  • Mar 21 Antonia Maury, American astronomer (created own stellar classification, one of the Harvard 'Observatory human computers), born in Cold Spring, New York (d. 1952)
  • Mar 24 Jack McAuliffe, Irish-American boxer and undefeated World Lightweight champion (1886-93), born in Cork, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1937)
  • Apr 1 Ferruccio Busoni, Italian piano prodigy, composer (Fantasia Contrappuntistica; Arlecchino), conductor, and pedagogue, born in Empoli, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1924)
  • Apr 1 Sophonisba Breckenridge, American professor, teacher and social activist (1st woman to graduate from Chicago Uni Law School), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1948) [1]

J. B. M. HertzogJ. B. M. Hertzog (1866-1942)

Apr 3 South African General and Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa (1924-39), born in Wellington, South Africa

  • Apr 4 George P Baker, American educator and playwright (47 Workshop), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1935)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Lincoln Steffens, American muckraker and investigative journalist (Shame of the Cities), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1936)
  • Apr 11 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet, born in Beaufort, Australia (d. 1953)
  • Apr 11 Clara Ford, American suffragette supporter and wife of industrialist Henry Ford, born in Wayne County, Michigan (d. 1950)

Butch CassidyButch Cassidy (1866-1908)

Apr 13 American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah

  • Apr 14 Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • Apr 17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)
  • Apr 19 Henri Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), born in Amsterdam (d. 1939)
  • Apr 20 Victor Hollaender, German composer, born in Leobschutz, Silesia (d. 1940)
  • Apr 22 Hans von Seeckt, German general and advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, born in Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig, German Confederation (d. 1936)
  • May 5 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist, born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1938)
  • May 9 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Indian social reformer and leader of Indian Independence Movement, born in Kotluk, Dist. Ratnagiri, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1915)
  • May 10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • May 12 Lafayette "Lave" Cross [Vratislav Kriz], American MLB baseball infielder, 1892-1907 (Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Athletics, and 5 other teams), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1927)
  • May 13 Ottokar Eugen Novacek, Hungarian composer and violinist of Czech descent, born in Weißkirchen, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • May 16 Ernest Burgess, American urban sociologist (ecological school), born in Tilbury, Ontario (d. 1966)
  • May 17 Erik Satie, French composer (Gymnopédies), born in Honfleur, Normandy (d. 1925)
  • May 23 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist (pioneer in criminology and forensic pathology), born in Zweibrücken (d. 1944)
  • May 24 Armando Frid, Argentinian horse tamer and centenarian, (reportedly lived to 124 years), born in Vega de Maipu, Argentina (d. 1990)
  • May 26 John Eigenhuis, Dutch writer (Tough Workers), born in Aalsmeer, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • May 31 Vladimir Rebikov, Russian pianist and composer, born in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, Russia (d. 1920)
  • Jun 2 Jack O'Connor, American baseball catcher (Cleveland Spiders, St. Louis Browns) and manager (St. Louis Browns), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • Jun 3 George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • Jun 4 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement, born in Jokioinen, Finland (d. 1952)
  • Jun 8 Hylton Philipson, English cricket wicketkeeper (5 Tests, 11 dismissals), born in Tynemouth, Northumberland, England (d. 1935)
  • Jun 13 Lambertus Zijl, Dutch sculptor (Trade scholarship), born in Kralingen, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Jun 20 Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer and detective writer, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Jun 21 Lena Rice, Irish tennis player (Wimbledon 1890), born in Marlhill, Ireland (d. 1907)
  • Jun 21 Matt Kilroy, American baseball pitcher (MLB single-season record 513 strikeouts 1886; MLB no-hitter 1886; Baltimore Orioles), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • Jun 26 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • Jun 26 Josef Swickard, German actor (The Wizard of Oz; Lost City; A Tale of Two Cities), born in Coblenz, Germany (d. 1940)
  • Jul 3 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)
  • Jul 11 Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • Jul 11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • Jul 23 Francesco Cilea, Italian orchestral and opera composer (L'arlesiana; Adriana Lecouvreur), born in Palmi< Calabria, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1950)
  • Jul 25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Beatrix PotterBeatrix Potter (1866-1943)

Jul 28 English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London

  • Jul 29 George Morrison, American entrepreneur (owner of Mammoth Caves), born border of Ohio and Pennsylvania (d. 1937) [1]
  • Aug 5 Alfred Holy, Czech composer and harpist, born in Oporto (d. 1948)
  • Aug 5 Carl Dietrich Harries, German chemist (developed synthetic rubber), born in Luckenwalde, Germany (d. 1923)
  • Aug 5 Harry Trott, Australian cricket all-rounder (24 Tests, 1 x 100, 4 x 50, HS 143, 29 wickets; Victoria CA), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1917)
  • Aug 8 Matthew Henson, American explorer, 1st African American to reach North Pole (Jun 4 1909), born in Nanjemoy, Maryland (d. 1955)
  • Aug 12 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel Prize for Literature 1922), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1954) [1]
  • Aug 13 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian businessman and founder of Fiat (Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino) Automaker, born in Villar Perosa, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Aug 14 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1962)
  • Aug 17 Julia Marlowe [Sarah Frances Frost], English-American Shakespearean actress, born in Cumberland, England (d. 1950)
  • Aug 17 Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (d. 1911)
  • Aug 30 Georges Minne, Belgian sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • Sep 1 James J. Corbett, American boxer (world heavyweight champion 1892-97), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1933)
  • Sep 2 Hiram Johnson, Progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1945)
  • Sep 7 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist, born in Besançon, Doubs, France (d. 1947)
  • Sep 10 Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet and novelist (Bondens Søn), born in Fly, Jutland (d. 1930)
  • Sep 10 Tor Aulin, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1914)
  • Sep 13 Adolf Meyer, American psychiatrist and neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene), born in Niederweningen, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • Sep 20 Gustave Doret, Swiss composer, born in Aigle, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • Sep 21 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1928), born in Rouen, France (d. 1936)

H. G. WellsH. G. Wells (1866-1946)

Sep 21 English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent

  • Sep 23 Édouard Combe, Swiss composer, born Aigle, Switzerland (d. 1942)
  • Sep 25 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1945)
  • Sep 27 Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (model of holiness in the daily life of a Catholic family), born in Quinto Vicentino, Italy (d. 1932)
  • Sep 27 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Fra Cancelliraadens Dage), born in Ringsaker, Norway (d. 1920)
  • Sep 29 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman, born in Chełm, Congress Poland (d. 1934)
  • Oct 2 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Oct 3 Learmont Drysdale, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1909)
  • Oct 6 Reginald Fessenden, Canadian-American inventor and radio pioneer - reputedly broadcast 1st program of voice & music, born in East Bolton, Quebec (d. 1932)
  • Oct 7 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, born near Rome, Georgia (d. 1942)
  • Oct 7 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)

Ramsay MacDonaldRamsay MacDonald (1866-1937)

Oct 12 British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland

  • Oct 19 Clarence Lucas, Canadian composer, librettist, conductor, and music professor, born in Six Nations Reserve, Ontario (d. 1947)
  • Oct 25 Georg Alfred Schumann, German composer, born in Königstein, Saxony, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Oct 26 William "Kid" Gleason, American baseball utility (St. Louis Browns, NY Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) and manager (Chicago White Sox, during "Black Sox" scandal), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Harry Staley, American baseball pitcher (MLB record 9 RBI 1893; record lasts 70+ years), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • Nov 5 Daniel Protheroe, Welsh conductor and composer, born in Ystradgynlais, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1934)
  • Nov 7 Paul Lincke, German composer and theater conductor considered the "father" of the Berlin operetta (Frau Luna, Lysistrata), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 Herbert Austin, English automobile designer and builder (founder of Austin Motor Company), born in Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1941)

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen (1866-1925)

Nov 12 Chinese revolutionary and father of modern China, born in Xiangshan [now Zhongshan], Guangdong, Qing Dynasty

  • Nov 13 Abraham Flexner, American educator, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1959)
  • Nov 17 Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist, writer and speaker, born in Leslie, Michigan (d. 1912)

Kenesaw Mountain LandisKenesaw Mountain Landis (1866-1944)

Nov 20 American federal judge (1905-22), Baseball HOF executive and 1st MLB commissioner (1920-44), born in Millville, Ohio

  • Nov 26 Hugh Duffy, American Baseball HOF outfielder (Triple Crown & MLB record .440 batting average, single season 1894 Boston Beaneaters), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1954)
  • Nov 28 Dick Lilley, English cricket wicket-keeper (35 Tests from 1896 to 1909), born in Holloway Head, Warwickshire, England (d. 1929)

Henry BaconHenry Bacon (1866-1924)

Nov 28 American architect (Lincoln Memorial), born in Watseka, Illinois

  • Nov 28 Johan Bakker Sr, Dutch actor and husband of Truus Soete, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1928)
  • Nov 29 Waldemar von Baussnern, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1931)
  • Dec 2 Harry Burleigh, African American composer (Springarn Medal), born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Dec 4 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • Dec 12 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913), born in Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France (d. 1919)
  • Dec 14 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic, born in St Pancras, London, England (d. 1934)
  • Dec 22 Mieczyslaw Surzynski, Polish organ virtuoso and composer (1904 Organ Concerto), born in Środa, Poland (d. 1924)
  • Dec 28 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • Dec 29 Joseph Limburg, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1940)