On This Day

Famous People Born in 1870

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, born in Wedel (d. 1938)
  • Jan 3 Henry Eichheim, composer
  • Jan 3 Henry Handel Richardson, Australia, novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • Jan 4 Percy Pitt, English composer (BBC), born in London (d. 1932)
  • Jan 6 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Jan 7 Lord Gordon Hewart, British judge (d. 1943)
  • Jan 8 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • Jan 9 Joseph B Strauss, civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • Jan 11 Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor (d. 1945)
  • Jan 13 Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/conductor (St Moniuszko)
  • Jan 13 Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Sir George Pearce, Australian politician, born in Mount Barker, Australia (d. 1952)
  • Jan 15 Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)
  • Jan 15 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman (d. 1954)
  • Jan 16 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • Jan 18 Berend Modderman, printer (Drukkers yearbook)

  • Jan 20 Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu, composer
  • Jan 22 Charles Arnold Tournemire, composer
  • Feb 3 Ada Negri, Italian poet/author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • Feb 3 Franklin Dyall, British actor (Easy Virtue, Atlantic), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1950)
  • Feb 6 James Braid, Scottish golfer, course designer (British Open 1901, 05-06, 08, 10), born in Earlsferry, Fife (d. 1950)
  • Feb 7 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • Feb 10 Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter
  • Feb 12 Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
  • Feb 13 Leopold Godowsky, Polish pianist and composer (Java Suite, 53 Studies on Chopin's Études) born in Žasliai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania), (d. 1938)
  • Feb 17 Louis de Raet, Belgian economist/founder (Flemish People's Party)
  • Feb 18 William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • Feb 20 Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Holland, mystic poet/scholar (Verzen)
  • Feb 27 Louis Coerne, composer
  • Mar 4 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • Mar 5 Frank Norris, journalist and writer (McTeague, Octopus), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1902)
  • Mar 6 Oscar Straus, composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Mar 10 Alfred Kastner, composer
  • Mar 11 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • Mar 11 Herm McFarland, American MLB outfielder (first grand slam in AL history), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1935)
  • Mar 13 Albert Meyer, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1929-38), born in Fällanden, Switzerland (d. 1953)

  • Mar 17 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 20 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general and politician (East Africa)
  • Mar 31 Tommy Ryan, American boxer (World Welterweight, Middleweight champion), born in Redwood, NY (d. 1948)
  • Apr 4 George Albert Smith, American religious leader, 8th President of Mormon church, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1951)
  • Apr 7 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • Apr 7 Joseph Ryeland, Belgian composer/Baron
  • Apr 14 Syd Gregory, Australian cricketer (Australian batsman in 58 Tests 1890-1912), born in Randwick, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1905)
  • Apr 17 Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist (Puliter Prize 1940), born in Lansing, Michigan (d. 1946)
  • Apr 20 Simeon Roncal, Bolivian composer, born in Sucre, Bolivia (d. 1953)
  • Apr 20 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar, Father of Modern Urdu, born in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh (d. 1961)
  • Apr 21 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1941)

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

Apr 22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Apr 28 Hermann Suter, Swiss composer, born in Kaiserstuhl, Aargau, Switzerland (d. 1926)
  • Apr 30 Franz Lehár, Austrian-Hungarian composer (Naughty Marietta), born in Komárom, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • May 3 Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the U.K., born in Frogmore House, Windsor, England (d. 1948)
  • May 4 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)

Person of interestAmadeo Giannini

May 6 Amadeo Giannini, American banker and entrepreneur (founded Bank of America), born in San Jose, California (d. 1949)

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • May 6 John T. McCutcheon, American cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931), born in South Raub, Tippecanoe County, Indiana (d. 1949)
  • May 9 Harry Vardon, Jersey golfer (6-time British Open champion, US Open 1900), born in Grouville, Jersey (d. 1937)
  • May 14 Zygmunt Denis Antoni Stojowski, composer
  • May 19 Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)
  • May 24 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1938)
  • May 24 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations, born in Bovenplaats, Cape Colony (d. 1950)
  • May 27 Lionel Palairet, British cricketer (elegant England bat in the Golden Age), born in Grange-over-Sands, Lancashire, England (d. 1933)
  • Jun 13 Jules Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919), born in Soignies, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Jun 14 Sophia of Prussia, Queen consort of Constantine I of Greece, born in New Palace, Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1932)
  • Jun 15 Maud Barger-Wallach, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1908), born at New York, NY (d. 1954)
  • Jun 17 George Cormack, American cereal inventor (Wheaties), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Jun 18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • Jun 21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • Jun 24 Horatio Mbelle, South African interpreter, community leader and politician, born in Burgersdorp, Cape Colony (d. 1947)
  • Jun 29 Joseph Carl Breil, American composer (Les amours de la reine Élisabeth), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1926)

Person of interestRichard Bedford Bennett

Jul 3 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick (d. 1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • Jul 4 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders), born in Graft, Netherlands (d. 1964)
  • Jul 8 Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • Jul 10 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), born in Poissy, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 12 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Jul 15 Ernest Walker, composer
  • Jul 16 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, born in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1956)
  • Jul 18 Emil Młynarski, Polish conductor and composer, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1935)
  • Jul 20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • Jul 21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • Jul 24 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr., American landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1957)
  • Jul 25 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), born in Amsterdam (d. 1955)
  • Jul 25 Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • Jul 27 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 27 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • Jul 28 Henri Jaspar, Premier of Belgium (1927-31), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 1939)
  • Aug 1 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • Aug 4 Harry Lauder, Scottish comedian and singer (Roamin' in the Gloamin), born in Portobello, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1950)
  • Aug 7 19 kittens, born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • Aug 7 Josef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark), born in Scherpenheuvel-Zichem, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Aug 11 Tom Richardson, England cricket fast bowler (88 Test wickets), born in Byfleet, England (d. 1912)
  • Aug 11 Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)

  • Aug 17 Frederick Russell, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
  • Aug 18 Hugh Bromley-Davenport, England cricketer, born in Chelford, Cheshire, England (d. 1954)
  • Aug 19 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1965)
  • Aug 26 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • Aug 27 Amado Nervo [Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer and poet, born in Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico (d. 1919)
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)

Person of interestMaria Montessori

Aug 31 Maria Montessori, Italian educator (spontaneous response), born in Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy (d. 1952)

  • Sep 1 Timotei Popovici, composer
  • Sep 2 Marie Ault, [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • Sep 4 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • Sep 7 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • Sep 7 Thomas Curtis, American athlete (Olympic 1896 Gold), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1944)
  • Sep 8 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Sep 18 Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (American Indian), born in Hagerstown, Indiana (d. 1947)
  • Sep 22 Arthur Pryor, American band composer and trombone player, born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1942)

Person of interestCharlotte Cooper

Sep 22 Charlotte Cooper, British tennis player (1st female Olympic champion 1900; Wimbledon 1895-96, 98, 1901, 08), born in Ealing, England (d. 1966)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Sep 23 John Lomax, Miss, folk song collector/ethnomusicologist
  • Sep 24 Georges Claude, French engineer and inventor (neon light), born in Paris (d. 1960)
  • Sep 26 Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-47), born in Charlottenlund, Denmark (d. 1947)
  • Sep 30 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926)
  • Sep 30 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • Oct 1 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer and inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • Oct 7 Uncle Dave Macon, entertainer
  • Oct 8 Louis Vierne, French organist and composer, born in Poitiers, France (d. 1937)
  • Oct 10 Louise Mack, Australian poet and novelist, born in Hobart, Tasmania (d. 1935)
  • Oct 16 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist
  • Oct 18 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • Oct 22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • Oct 22 Alfred Douglas, English poet, journalist and partner of Oscar Wilde, born in Powick, Worcestershire, England (d. 1945)

  • Oct 23 Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)
  • Nov 3 John Motley Morehead III, American chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), born in Spray, North Carolina (d. 1922)
  • Nov 11 Nils Kjær, Norwegian playwright (Det evige Savn), born in Holmestrand, Norway (d. 1924)
  • Nov 16 Alfred Hill, New Zealand Australian composer (Hinemoa), born in Melbourne (d. 1960)
  • Nov 19 Vicente Lleó, Spanish composer (La Corte de Faraón), born in Torrent, Valencia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 21 Joe Darling, cricketer (Australian lefty batsman at turn of century)
  • Nov 21 Stanley Jackson, cricketer (captain of England, governor of Bengal)
  • Nov 21 Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (d. 1964)
  • Nov 22 Howard Brockway, composer
  • Nov 25 Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (d. 1937)
  • Nov 27 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, president Finland
  • Nov 29 Andre Lichtenberger, French sociologist/writer (Le petit roi)
  • Nov 29 Harry Graham, Australian cricketer (107 on Test debut Aust v Eng 1893), born in Melbourne
  • Nov 30 Cecil Forsyth, composer
  • Nov 30 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon (d. 1948)
  • Dec 2 Francis Louis Casadesus, French violinist/composer/conductor
  • Dec 5 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer, born in Kamenice nad Lipou, Czech Republic (d. 1949)
  • Dec 10 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)
  • Dec 10 Pierre Louÿs, French novelist and poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1925)
  • Dec 10 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us), born in Wûns (d. 1931)
  • Dec 10 Tom McKibbin, Australian cricketer (NSW & Aust off-spinner late 19th century), born in Bathurst, New South Wales (d. 1939)
  • Dec 10 Mary Bonaparte, pretender to the French imperial throne (d. 1947)
  • Dec 12 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon, born in Tipton County, Tennessee (d. 1912)
  • Dec 13 Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (Modern Times, The Dumb Messenger), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1940)
  • Dec 14 Dirk Jan de Geer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-29, 39-40), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Dec 14 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), born in Dolní Dunajovice, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)
  • Dec 15 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect, born in Brtnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • Dec 18 Andres Randolf, Danish-American actor (The Kiss), born in Viborg, Denmark (d. 1930)
  • Dec 18 Saki, [Hector Hugo Munro], Burma, author (Reginald, When William Came)
  • Dec 20 Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Dutch poet, classicist, and mystic (Voices, Carmina), born in Middelburg, Netherlands
  • Dec 21 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), born in Ellon, United Kingdom (d. 1943)
  • Dec 24 Rosario Scalero, Italian composer, born in Moncalieri, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Dec 25 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
  • Dec 31 Thomas Connolly, English-American baseball umpire, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 1961)