On This Day

Famous People Born in 1870

  • Jan 2 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, born in Wedel (d. 1938)
  • Jan 2 Tex Rickard, American boxing promoter and entrepreneur (founder NHL New York Rangers; builder third incarnation of Madison Square Garden, NYC), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1929)
  • Jan 3 Henry Eichheim, American composer (Bali -Symphonic Variations), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1942)
  • Jan 3 Henry Handel Richardson [Ethel Florence Lindesay Richardson], Australian novelist (Richard Mahoney), born in East Melbourne, Australia (d. 1946)
  • Jan 4 Percy Pitt, English composer (BBC), born in London (d. 1932)
  • Jan 6 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Jan 7 Gordon Hewart, British judge "Not only must Justice be done; it must also be seen to be done" (Lord Chief Justice 1922-40), born in Bury, England (d. 1943)
  • Jan 8 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • Jan 9 Joseph B Strauss, civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • Jan 11 Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor (d. 1945)
  • Jan 12 Karel Burian (also Carl Burrian),Czech operatic tenor, born in Rousínov, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1924)
  • Jan 13 Henryk Opieński, Polish violinist, conductor, choral director, composer (Zygmunt August and Barbara), and musicologist (Moniuszko), born in Kraków (d. 1942)
  • Jan 13 Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Sir George Pearce, Australian politician, born in Mount Barker, Australia (d. 1952)
  • Jan 15 Johan Peter Koch, Danish captain & explorer (Greenland), born in Vestenskov, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • Jan 15 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • Jan 16 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • Jan 16 Willie Simms, American jockey (US Champion Jockey by wins 1893, 94; Kentucky Derby 1896, 98; Preakness Stakes 1898; Belmont Stakes 1893, 94), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1927)
  • Jan 16 Jimmy Collins, American Baseball HOF 3rd baseman (World Series 1903 Boston Americans; NL HR leader 1898 Boston Beaneaters) and manager (Boston Americans 1901–06), born in Niagara Falls, NY (d. 1943)
  • Jan 18 Berend Modderman, Dutch printer (Drukkers yearbook)
  • Jan 20 Guillaume Lekeu, Belgian composer (Épithalame), born in Heusy, Belguim (d. 1894)
  • Jan 22 Charles Arnold Tournemire, French organist and composer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1939)
  • Jan 23 William Morgan, American physical education instructor and inventor of "mintonette" (now known as volleyball), born in Lockport, New York (d. 1942)
  • Feb 3 Ada Negri, Italian poet/author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • Feb 3 Franklin Dyall, British actor (Easy Virtue, Atlantic), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1950)

James Braid

Feb 6 James Braid, Scottish golfer, course designer (British Open 1901, 05-06, 08, 10), born in Earlsferry, Fife (d. 1950)

  • Feb 7 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • Feb 10 Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter
  • Feb 12 Joe Howard, American vaudeville, Broadway, and television singer (Gay Nineties Revue), and songwriter ("Hello Ma Baby"), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961) [1]
  • Feb 12 Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
  • Feb 13 Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American pianist, composer (Java Suite; Triakontameron; 53 Studies on Chopin's Études), and pedagogue, born in Žasliai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania), (d. 1938)
  • Feb 14 Bob Quinn, American MLB executive (owner Boston Red Sox 1923–33; part owner Boston Braves 1936–45; President National Baseball Hall of Fame 1948–51), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1954)
  • Feb 17 Louis de Raet, Belgian economist and founder of the Flemish People's Party
  • Feb 18 William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • Feb 20 Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Holland, mystic poet/scholar (Verzen)
  • Feb 27 Louis Coerne, American composer (Zenobia; Excaliber), and music educator (The Evolution of Modern Orchestration), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1922)
  • Mar 4 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • Mar 5 Frank Norris, journalist and writer (McTeague, Octopus), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1902)
  • Mar 6 Oscar Straus [Strauss], Viennese composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1954)
  • Mar 10 Alfred Kastner, Austrian-American harpist and composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1948)
  • Mar 11 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • Mar 11 Herm McFarland, American MLB outfielder (first grand slam in AL history), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1935)
  • Mar 13 Albert Meyer, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1929-38), born in Fällanden, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 17 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 18 Frank Hoyt Losey, American composer, arranger of band and orchestral music, and advisor to Edison Phonograph Company, born in Rochester, New Jersey (d. 1931)
  • Mar 20 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general and politician (East Africa)
  • Mar 31 Tommy Ryan, American boxer (World Welterweight, Middleweight champion), born in Redwood, NY (d. 1948)
  • Apr 4 George Albert Smith, American religious leader, 8th President of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1951)
  • Apr 7 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • Apr 7 Joseph Ryelandt, Belgian composer (Christus Rex - Christ the King), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1965)
  • Apr 14 Syd Gregory, Australian cricket batsman & captain (58 Tests, 4 x 100, 8 x 50, HS 201; NSW CA), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1905)
  • Apr 17 Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist (Puliter Prize 1940), born in Lansing, Michigan (d. 1946)
  • Apr 20 Simeon Roncal, Bolivian composer, born in Sucre, Bolivia (d. 1953)
  • Apr 20 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar and father of Modern Urdu, born in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 1961)
  • Apr 21 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1941)

Vladimir Lenin

Apr 22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

  • Apr 28 Hermann Suter, Swiss composer, born in Kaiserstuhl, Aargau, Switzerland (d. 1926)
  • Apr 30 Franz Lehár, Austrian-Hungarian composer (Naughty Marietta), born in Komárom, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • May 3 Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the U.K., born in Frogmore House, Windsor, England (d. 1948)
  • May 4 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)

Amadeo Giannini

May 6 Amadeo Giannini, American banker and entrepreneur (founded Bank of America), born in San Jose, California (d. 1949)

  • May 6 John T. McCutcheon, American cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931), born in South Raub, Tippecanoe County, Indiana (d. 1949)

Harry Vardon

May 9 Harry Vardon, Jersey golfer (6 time British Open champion, US Open 1900), born in Grouville, Jersey (d. 1937)

  • May 14 Zygmunt Stojowski, Polish-American concert pianist, composer, and pedagogue, born near Kielce, Russian Empire (now Poland) (d. 1946)
  • May 19 Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)
  • May 19 Nishida Kitarō, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), born in Unoke, Japan (d. 1945)
  • May 24 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1938)
  • May 24 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations, born in Bovenplaats, Cape Colony (d. 1950)
  • May 27 Lionel Palairet, British cricket batsman (2 Tests; Somerset CCC, Oxford Uni CC), born in Grange-over-Sands, Lancashire, England (d. 1933)
  • Jun 13 Jules Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919), born in Soignies, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Jun 14 Sophia of Prussia, Queen consort of Constantine I of Greece, born in New Palace, Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1932)
  • Jun 15 Maud Barger-Wallach, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1908), born at New York, NY (d. 1954)
  • Jun 17 George Cormack, American cereal inventor (Wheaties), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Jun 18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • Jun 21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • Jun 24 Horatio Mbelle, South African interpreter, community leader and politician, born in Burgersdorp, Cape Colony (d. 1947)
  • Jun 29 Joseph Carl Breil, American composer (Les amours de la reine Élisabeth), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1926)
  • Jul 4 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders), born in Graft, Netherlands (d. 1964)
  • Jul 8 Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • Jul 10 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), born in Poissy, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 12 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Jul 15 Ernest Walker, British composer, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1949)
  • Jul 16 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, born in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1956)
  • Jul 18 Emil Młynarski, Polish violinist, conductor and composer, born in Kybartai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1935)
  • Jul 20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • Jul 21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • Jul 24 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr., American landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1957)
  • Jul 25 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), born in Amsterdam (d. 1955)
  • Jul 25 Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • Jul 27 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • Jul 27 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • Jul 28 Henri Jaspar, 27th Prime Minister of Belgium (1927-31), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 1939)
  • Jul 29 George Dixon, Canadian boxer (World Bantamweight title 1892; World Featherweight champion 1891-97, 98-1901; first black athlete to win a World C'ship in any sport), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1908)
  • Aug 1 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • Aug 4 Harry Lauder, Scottish comedian and singer (Roamin' in the Gloamin), born in Portobello, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1950)
  • Aug 7 19 kittens, born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • Aug 7 Josef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark), born in Scherpenheuvel-Zichem, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Aug 11 Tom Richardson, England cricket fast bowler (88 Test wickets), born in Byfleet, England (d. 1912)
  • Aug 11 Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
  • Aug 17 Frederick F. Russell, American army physician, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine, born in Auburn, New York (d. 1960)
  • Aug 18 Hugh Bromley-Davenport, England cricketer, born in Chelford, Cheshire, England (d. 1954)
  • Aug 19 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1965)
  • Aug 26 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • Aug 27 Amado Nervo [Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer and poet, born in Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico (d. 1919)
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)

Maria Montessori

Aug 31 Maria Montessori, Italian educator (spontaneous response), born in Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy (d. 1952)

  • Sep 1 Timotei Popovici, composer
  • Sep 2 Marie Ault [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • Sep 4 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • Sep 7 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • Sep 7 Thomas Curtis, American athlete (Olympic 1896 Gold), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1944)
  • Sep 8 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Sep 18 Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (American Indian), born in Hagerstown, Indiana (d. 1947)
  • Sep 22 Arthur Pryor, American band composer and trombone player, born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1942)

Charlotte Cooper

Sep 22 Charlotte Cooper, British tennis player (1st female Olympic champion 1900; Wimbledon 1895-96, 98, 1901, 08), born in Ealing, England (d. 1966)

  • Sep 23 John Lomax, Miss, folk song collector/ethnomusicologist
  • Sep 24 Georges Claude, French engineer and inventor (neon light), born in Paris (d. 1960)
  • Sep 26 Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-47), born in Charlottenlund, Denmark (d. 1947)
  • Sep 28 Florent Schmitt, French composer (La tragédie de Salome; Psalm 47), and music critic (Le Temps), born in Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1958)
  • Sep 30 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926), born in Lille, France (d. 1942)
  • Sep 30 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • Oct 1 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer and inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • Oct 7 "Uncle" Dave Macon, American vaudeville and Grand Ole Opry banjo player, singer-songwriter and comedian, born in Smartt Station, Tennessee (d. 1952)
  • Oct 8 Louis Vierne, French organist (Notre-Dame, 1900-37), and composer (Messe solennelle), born in Poitiers, France (d. 1937)
  • Oct 10 Louise Mack, Australian poet and novelist, born in Hobart, Tasmania (d. 1935)
  • Oct 16 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist
  • Oct 18 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • Oct 22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • Oct 22 Alfred Douglas, English poet, journalist and partner of Oscar Wilde, born in Powick, Worcestershire, England (d. 1945)
  • Oct 23 Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)
  • Nov 3 John Motley Morehead III, American chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), born in Spray, North Carolina (d. 1922)
  • Nov 11 Nils Kjær, Norwegian playwright (Det evige Savn), born in Holmestrand, Norway (d. 1924)
  • Nov 19 Vicente Lleó, Spanish composer (La Corte de Faraón), born in Torrent, Valencia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 21 Joe Darling, Australian cricket batsman and captain (34 Tests, 21 as captain; 3 x 100s, TS 178; South Australia CA), born in Glen Osmond, Australia (d. 1946)
  • Nov 21 Stanley Jackson, English cricketer (captain of England, governor of Bengal), born in Chapel Allerton, Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Nov 21 Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (4th President International Olympic Committee 1952-64), born in Morlanda, Sweden (d. 1964)
  • Nov 22 Howard Brockway, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1951)
  • Nov 25 Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs), born in North Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • Nov 27 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish politician (7th President of Finland 1946-56), born in Tampere, Finland (d. 1956)
  • Nov 29 Andre Lichtenberger, French sociologist and writer (Le petit roi), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1940)
  • Nov 29 Harry Graham, Australian cricketer (107 on Test debut Aust v Eng 1893), born in Melbourne
  • Nov 30 Cecil Forsyth, English composer, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1941)
  • Nov 30 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1948)
  • Dec 2 Francis Casadesus, French violinist, composer and conductor, born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • Dec 5 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer, born in Kamenice nad Lipou, Czech Republic (d. 1949)
  • Dec 10 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)
  • Dec 10 Pierre Louÿs, French novelist and poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1925)
  • Dec 10 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us), born in Wûns (d. 1931)
  • Dec 10 Tom McKibbin, Australian cricket spin bowler (5 Tests, 17 wickets; NSW CA), born in Bathurst, Australia (d. 1939)
  • Dec 10 Mary Bonaparte, eldest surviving daughter of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte of Canino and Christine Ruspoli (d. 1947)
  • Dec 12 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon, born in Tipton County, Tennessee (d. 1912)
  • Dec 13 Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (Modern Times, The Dumb Messenger), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1940)
  • Dec 14 Dirk Jan de Geer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-29, 39-40), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Dec 14 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), born in Dolní Dunajovice, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)
  • Dec 15 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect (Vienna Secession Movement), born in Brtnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • Dec 18 Andres Randolf, Danish-American actor (The Kiss), born in Viborg, Denmark (d. 1930)
  • Dec 18 Saki [Hector Hugo Munro], British writer (Reginald, When William Came), born in Akyab, British Burma (d. 1916)
  • Dec 20 Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Dutch poet, classicist, and mystic (Voices, Carmina), born in Middelburg, Netherlands
  • Dec 21 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), born in Ellon, United Kingdom (d. 1943)
  • Dec 24 Rosario Scalero, Italian composer, born in Moncalieri, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Dec 25 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
  • Dec 31 Tom Connolly, American Baseball HOF umpire (AL-record 8 x World Series), born in Manchester, England (d. 1961)