On This Day

Famous People Born in 1875

  • Jan 1 Charles Rist, French economist
  • Jan 1 Frank Druce, English cricket batsman (5 Tests; Surrey), born in London, England (d. 1954)
  • Jan 7 Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)
  • Jan 9 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • Jan 11 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • Jan 12 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella)
  • Jan 14 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian theologian & writer (Nobel 1954), born in Kayserberg, France (d. 1965)
  • Jan 15 Tom Burke, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m, 400m 1896), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1929)

Ibn Saud

Jan 15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

  • Jan 16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • Jan 21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • Jan 21 Paul E Kahle, German professor of oriental studies
  • Jan 22 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)

D. W. Griffith

Jan 22 D.W. Griffith, American film director and producer (Birth of a Nation, Intolerance), born in LaGrange, Kentucky (d. 1948)

  • Jan 22 Thomas W Ross, American actor (Without Limit, Kings Row, 17, Mortal Storm), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1959)
  • Jan 28 Julian Antonio Carillo-Trujillo, composer
  • Feb 2 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • Feb 2 Friedrich-Max "Fritz" Kreisler, Austrian-American violinist and composer (Alt-Wiener Tanzweisen), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • Feb 4 Raymond Moulaert, Belgian pianist and composer, born in Brussels, Belgian (d. 1962)
  • Feb 6 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general & inventor (man-portable mortar), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1915)
  • Feb 7 Erkki Melartin, Finnish composer (Juhlamarssi; Summer Symphony; Fantasia Apocaliptica), born in Käkisalmi, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1937)
  • Feb 7 Walter Courvoisier, composer
  • Feb 9 Sydney Hugo Nicholson, British choir director, organist, composer, and founder of the Royal School of Church Music, born in London (d. 1947)
  • Feb 11 Sara Wennerberg-Reuter, composer
  • Feb 18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • Feb 21 Jeanne Louise Calment, French world's oldest woman (d. 1997 at 122)
  • Feb 26 Emma Dunn, British-American stage, silent and sound film actress (Dr. Monica; Dr. Kildare (films); Hideaway), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1966)
  • Feb 26 Richard Wetz, German composer (Requiem, Op. 50 in B minor), born in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia (now Gliwice, Poland) (d. 1935)
  • Feb 27 Manuel Ugarte, Argentine diplomat, politician, newspaper owner, and author, born Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • Feb 28 Viliam Figus-Bystry, Slovakian composer, born in Banská Bystrica (d. 1937)
  • Mar 2 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian
  • Mar 4 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • Mar 4 Enrique Larreta [E R Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer (Gloria de Don Ramiro), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1961)
  • Mar 4 Suze Groeneweg, 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)

Maurice Ravel

Mar 7 Maurice Ravel, French composer, pianist and conductor (Daphnis et Chloé; Boléro), born in Ciboure, France (d. 1937)

  • Mar 9 Martin Shaw, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • Mar 9 Evelyn Sears, American tennis player (US National 1907), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 1966)
  • Mar 10 Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser, Russian pianist, and composer (Contrapuntal Sketches), born in Kishinev, Russia (d. 1961)
  • Mar 12 Julio Garreta, composer
  • Mar 13 Lizzy Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Mar 14 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, American librarian and author (Thackeray Dictionary), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1957)
  • Mar 14 Norman O'Neill, English composer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1934)
  • Mar 25 Spencer Charters, American actor (3 Faces West, Big Town Girl, St Louis Kid), born in Duncannon, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)

Syngman Rhee

Mar 26 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

  • Mar 29 Paul Rubens, English musical comedy composer (Miss Hook of Holland), born in London (d. 1917)

Edgar Wallace

Apr 1 Edgar Wallace, English novelist, playwright and journalist (The Terror, The Four Just Men) who created King Kong, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1932)

Walter Chrysler

Apr 2 Walter Chrysler, American automotive pioneer (Chrysler Corporation) and thoroughbred breeder, born in Wamego, Kansas (d. 1940)

  • Apr 2 William Donne, English cricket batsman, (Olympic gold 1900) and administrator (President England Rugby Football Union), born in Wincanton, England (d. 1934)
  • Apr 4 Jozef Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1956)
  • Apr 4 Pierre Monteux, French-American conductor (Boston Symph Orch 1919-24), born in Paris, France (d. 1964)
  • Apr 4 Samuel S. Hinds, American actor (Raven, Test Pilot), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1948)
  • Apr 8 Albert I, King of Belgium (1909-34), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • Apr 13 Ray Lyman Wilbur, American politician and 3rd President of Stanford University, born in Boonesboro, Iowa (d. 1949)
  • Apr 15 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch playwright and novelist (Poverty), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Apr 18 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), born in Ogulin, Croatian Military Frontier, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Apr 24 Jenő Huszka, Hungarian composer (Bob herceg (Prince Bob)), born in Szeged, Hungary (d. 1960)
  • Apr 27 André Baillon, Belgian-French author (Un homme si simple), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Apr 27 Freddie Fane, British cricketer (Hobbs' 1st Test opening partner), born in Curragh Camp, County Kildare, Ireland (d. 1960)
  • Apr 27 Lumsden Hare, Irish actor (Oregon Trail, Desert Fox, Young Bess), born in Ireland (d. 1964)
  • Apr 27 Maurice de Broglie, French physicist (studied X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy), born in Paris, France (d. 1960)
  • Apr 29 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), born in Iesi, Italy (d. 1950)
  • May 4 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), born in Alava, Spain (d. 1936)
  • May 4 Reggie Schwartz, South African cricketer (1st of great South African googlists), born in Lee, London (d. 1918)
  • May 6 William D. Leahy, American admiral and chief of staff (1949), born in Hampton, Iowa (d. 1959)
  • May 11 Harriet Quimby, American aviator (d. 1912)
  • May 18 Guido Alberto Fano, Italian composer and pianist, born in Padua (d. 1961)
  • May 23 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • May 30 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), born in Castelvetrano, Italy (d. 1944)
  • May 31 Italo Montemezzi, Italian composer (L'amore dei tre re), born in Vigasio, Italy (d. 1952)

Thomas Mann

Jun 6 Thomas Mann, German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1955)

  • Jun 7 George Simpson-Hayward, English cricket spin bowler (5 Tests, 23 wickets @ 18.26; last great underarm bowler), born in Stoneleigh, Warwickshire (d. 1936)
  • Jun 9 Henry Dale, English physiologist (Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology 1936), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • Jun 12 Sam De Grasse, Canadian actor, born in Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada (d. 1953)
  • Jun 13 Max d'Ollone, French composer and writer (Le Ménestrel), born in Besançon, France (d. 1959)
  • Jun 13 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected woman governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), born in Bell County, Texas (d. 1961)
  • Jun 15 Herman Smith-Johannsen, Norwegian cross-country skier who introduced sport to North America, born in Horten, Norway (d. 1987)
  • Jun 17 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Jun 20 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)
  • Jun 23 (Sidney Edward) "Eddie" Pola [Pollacsek], American radio and TV producer, and lyricist ("The Most Wonderful Time Of The Year"; "I Love The Way You Say Goodnight"), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • Jun 23 Carl Milles, Uppsala Sweden, fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • Jun 26 Camille Zeckwer, American composer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1924)
  • Jun 28 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), born in Beauvais, Oise, France (d. 1941)
  • Jul 3 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 4 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci, Italian Siamese twins, born in Locana (probable date),
  • Jul 10 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, born in Maysville, South Carolina (d. 1955)
  • Jul 15 Frank "Pop" Morgenweck, basketball hall of famer (elected 1962)
  • Jul 15 Jean van den Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter
  • Jul 17 Donald Francis Tovey, Eton England, musicologist/composer

Carl Jung

Jul 26 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

  • Jul 26 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • Jul 30 James W. Tate, English composer, born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire (d. 1922)
  • Jul 31 Harry Northrup [Henri N.], French-born American poet and actor (The Heart of Maryland, The Unchastened Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1936)
  • Aug 2 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • Aug 6 Marcel Labey, French conductor and composer, born in Vésinet, France (d. 1968)
  • Aug 8 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • Aug 9 Albert William Ketèlbey, British pianist and composer (In A Monastery Garden), born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1959)
  • Aug 12 Ettore Panizza, composer
  • Aug 12 Mezio Agostini, Italian composer, born in Fano, Italy (d. 1944)
  • Aug 15 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • Aug 16 Florrie Forde [Flannagan], Australian singer and British music hall performer, born in Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia (d. 1940)
  • Aug 18 Johan E. Elias, Dutch historian (Amsterdam's regency), born in Amsterdam (d. 1960)
  • Aug 19 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (Ethiopia, South America), born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • Aug 21 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Aug 23 William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer, born in Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 1966)
  • Aug 23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • Aug 26 John Buchan, Scottish politician, Governor-General of Canada (1935-40), writer (The Thirty-Nine Steps) and historian, born in Perth, Scotland (d. 1940)
  • Aug 27 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, born in Dexter, Michigan (d. 1967)
  • Sep 1 Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (Tarzan of the Apes, Mars Saga), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1950)
  • Sep 3 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)
  • Sep 10 Paul Scheinpflug, German composer, born in Loschwitz, Germany (d. 1937)
  • Sep 12 Matsunosuke Onoe [Tsuruzo Nakamura], Japanese actor (Araki Mataemon, Yajîkita: zenpen), born in Naka-ku, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)

James Cash Penney

Sep 16 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

  • Sep 17 Vyacheslav Gavrilovich Karatigin, composer (d. 1925)
  • Sep 18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), born in Osorno, Chile (d. 1945)
  • Sep 22 Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, Lithuanian composer, painter and writer, born in Senoji Varėna, Lithuania (d. 1911)
  • Oct 2 Henry Février, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • Oct 5 Cyril Rootham, English organist, composer, and educator born in Redland, Bristol (d. 1938)
  • Oct 8 Laurence Doherty, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1902-06, US Nationals 1903), born in Wimbledon, England (d. 1919)
  • Oct 11 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), born in Brașov, Romania (d. 1913)
  • Oct 12 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England (d. 1947)
  • Oct 17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • Oct 18 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • Oct 18 Len Braund, English cricket all-rounder (23 Tests, 3 x 100, 47 wickets; Surrey CCC, Somerset CCC), born in Clewer, Berkshire, England (d. 1955)
  • Oct 23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (theory of covalent bonding), born in Weymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Oct 24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • Oct 26 H. B. Warner, British actor (Sunset Boulevard, The King of Kings), born in London, England (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American geographer and 1st full-time editor of National Geographic Society (1899-1954), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • Oct 29 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1938)
  • Oct 31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Dutch Coasts) (d. 1961)

Sardar Patel

Oct 31 Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman, born in Gujarat, India (d. 1950)

  • Nov 3 Emīls Dārziņš, Latvian composer, born in Jaunpiebalga, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • Nov 6 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Nov 7 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • Nov 8 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, born in Shanyin, Shaoxing, Qing Dynasty (d. 1907)
  • Nov 10 Maude Eburne, Canadian actress (Ladies They Talk About, Guardsman), born in Bronte-on-the-Lake, Ontario (d. 1960)
  • Nov 11 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, born in Mulberry, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • Nov 13 Rogelio del Villar, Spanish composer, born in Leon, Spain (d. 1937)
  • Nov 14 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer: Conrad Pilater
  • Nov 14 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (d. 1899)
  • Nov 15 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, born in Ulihatu, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1900)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Hiram Bingham

Nov 19 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1956)

  • Nov 22 Elizabeth Patterson, American actress (I Love Lucy, Climax, Tall Story), born in Savannah, Tennessee (d. 1966)
  • Nov 22 Georges Rency, Belgian poet and literature, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1951)
  • Nov 23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Nov 27 Władysław Orkan [Franciszek Ksawery Smaciarz], Polish author (Nowele Zebrane), born in Poręba Wielka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1930)
  • Dec 2 Frank Reicher, German-American actor (King Kong, Son of Kong), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1965)
  • Dec 3 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, born in Ohlau, Prussian Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1943)
  • Dec 3 Max Meldrum, Scottish-Australian painter (founder of Australian Tonalism), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1955)
  • Dec 4 Rainer Maria Rilke, Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (fought in WWI), born in Napperton, Ontario (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Evelyn Underhill, British Anglo-Catholic poet, born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1941)
  • Dec 12 Desideer Stracke, Flemish jesuit and literature historian, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1970)

Gerd von Rundstedt

Dec 12 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

  • Dec 14 Dobri Khristov, Bulgarian composer, born in Varna, Bulgaria (d. 1941)
  • Dec 15 Friedrich Niggli, Swiss composer, born in Aarburg, Switzerland (d. 1959)
  • Dec 15 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1899)
  • Dec 19 Carter G. Woodson, American historian (African American studies), born in New Canton, Virginia (d. 1950)
  • Dec 20 T. F. Powys, British novelist & short-story writer (Captain Patch, Goat Green), born in Shirley, Derbyshire
  • Dec 22 Antoine Mariotte, French composer, born in Avignon (d. 1944)
  • Dec 22 Johannes "Jan" Musch, Dutch actor (Dead Water), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Dec 25 Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna
  • Dec 25 Walter Lees, English cricket fast bowler (5 Tests, 26 wickets), born in Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire, England (d. 1924)