On This Day

Famous People Born in 1876

  • Jan 1 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • Jan 1 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • Jan 3 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

Jan 5 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1967)

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Jan 7 William Yeates Hurlstone, composer
  • Jan 9 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • Jan 10 Jan Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Jan 11 Thomas Hicks, English athlete (Olympic gold marathon 1904), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1952)
  • Jan 11 Elmer Flick, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • Jan 12 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, composer, born in Venice, Italy
  • Jan 12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • Jan 17 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • Jan 17 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 20 Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
  • Jan 29 Carl Henrik Ludolf Nielsen, composer
  • Jan 29 [William] Havergal Brian, British composer ("Gothic" symphony), born in Dresden, Staffordshire (d. 1972)

  • Feb 3 William Tedmarsh, British silent movie actor (Two Beds and No Sleep), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • Feb 4 Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls, composer
  • Feb 6 Wilhelm August Schmidtbonn, German writer (Der Sprechende Eros), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Feb 8 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • Feb 9 Martin Stixrud, Norwegian figure skater (Olympic bronze 1920)
  • Feb 12 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama, born in Thakpo Langdun (d. 1933)
  • Feb 13 Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • Feb 16 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • Feb 19 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • Feb 20 Théodore "Fyodor" Akimenko, Ukrainian composer, born in Kharkiv Drapeau, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Feb 21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23 Agnes M Royden, writer
  • Feb 23 Wadih Sabra, Lebanese composer (Kulluna lil Watan), born in Beirut (d. 1952)
  • Feb 24 Jean Poveigh, composer
  • Feb 24 Victor Moore, Hammonton NJ, comedian (Ziegfeld Follies, 7 Year Itch)
  • Feb 25 Charles Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1856]
  • Feb 26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • Feb 26 Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
  • Feb 28 John Alden Carpenter, composer (Sea Drift), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 1 Henry graaf de Baillet-Latour, Belgian President of IOC (1925-42)

  • Mar 1 Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • Mar 2 Pius XII, [Euhenio MGG Pacelli], 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • Mar 4 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Elizabeth Moore, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1896, 1901, 03, 05), born in Brooklyn, NY (d. 1959)
  • Mar 8 Franco Alfano, Italian opera composer (Puccini's Turandot), born in Posillipo, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Mar 11 Charles "Carl" Ruggles, American composer (Evocations), born in Marion, Massachusetts (d. 1927)
  • Mar 11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1941)
  • Mar 16 Charles Halton, British stage actor (Dr Cyclops, Tugboat Annie Sails Again), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1959)
  • Mar 17 Frederic Ayers, composer
  • Mar 20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • Mar 21 John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • Mar 23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Mar 26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • Mar 30 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1943)
  • Mar 31 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • Apr 4 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • Apr 5 Patrick Vretblad, Swedish composer, born in Svartnäs, Sweden (d. 1953)
  • Apr 11 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1958)
  • Apr 14 Murray Bisset, South African cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1899 & 1910), born in Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony (d. 1931)
  • Apr 14 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • Apr 17 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), born in Rusholme, Manchester (d. 1952)
  • Apr 19 Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of the Netherlands (1901-34), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1934)
  • Apr 22 Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler and strongman of the early 20th century, born in Väike-Maarja, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1920)
  • Apr 23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)
  • Apr 24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)
  • Apr 25 Rubén M. Campos, Mexican novelist (Claudio Oranos) and musicologist (El folklore y la musica mexicana), born in Ciudad Manuel Doblado, Guanajuato, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • Apr 28 Frank Cavanagh, American football player and coach, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • Apr 30 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), born in Augusta, Italy (d. 1937)
  • May 3 Bert Hopkins, Australian cricketer (Australian pace bowler of the 1900's), born in Young, New South Wales (d. 1931)
  • May 3 E. B. Dwyer, Australian-born cricketer (Sussex), born in Redfern, Australia (d. 1912)
  • May 10 Ivan Cankar, Slavs author (Hlapec Jernej-Njegova Pravica)
  • May 12 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • May 13 Raoul Laparra, composer
  • May 17 Alban Collignon, Belgian sport journalist, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1955)
  • May 19 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)
  • May 20 John Owen Jones, composer
  • May 26 Jack Root, Austrian-American boxing's 1st light heavyweight champion, born in Frahelž, Bohemia, Czech Republic (d. 1963)
  • May 27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • May 29 Jan Ingenhoven, Dutch composer and conductor, born in Breda (d. 1951)
  • Jun 2 Hakon Børresen, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1954)
  • Jun 4 Robert Dower, South African cricketer (1 Test South Africa v England 1898, scored 0 & 9), born in Kokstad, Cape Colony (d. 1964)
  • Jun 5 Tony Jackson, American musician, born in New Orleans (d. 1920)
  • Jun 11 Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist and author (Anthropologist looks at History), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1960)
  • Jun 12 Narciso Garay, Panamanian composer, born in Panama (d. 1953)
  • Jun 13 William Sealy Gosset, English statistician (Student's t-distribution), born in Canterbury, Kent, England (d. 1937)
  • Jun 21 Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (helium vast), born in Texel, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 Gwen (Gwendolen) John, Haverfordwest, Wales, Welsh painter
  • Jun 23 Irvin S Cobb, Ky, writer/humorist (Old Judge Priest)
  • Jun 29 Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician and the 1st woman to serve as a governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • Jul 2 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)
  • Jul 4 William Farnum, American actor (Spoilers, Man who Fights Alone), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1953)

Person of interestHarry Ford Sinclair

Jul 6 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Benwood, West Virginia

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair

  • Jul 12 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, born in Quimper, Brittany, France (d. 1944)
  • Jul 17 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • Jul 17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 17 Vittorio Gnecchi, Italian composer (Cassandra), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Jul 19 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • Jul 19 John Gunn, English cricketer (England all-rounder in 6 Tests 1901-05), born in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1963)
  • Jul 20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Jul 23 William Gillies Whittaker, English composer, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1944)
  • Jul 26 Ernest Schelling, American composer and conductor (Victory Ball), born in Belvidere, New Jersey (d. 1939)
  • Jul 29 Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian actress (The Wolf Man, Waterloo Bridge), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • Aug 5 Mary R Beard, american historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana

Person of interestMata Hari

Aug 7 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1917)

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • Aug 12 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer ( The Circular Staircase), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Aug 14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Aug 15 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • Aug 16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Eric Drummond, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33)
  • Aug 17 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch general/supreme commander/navy 1940
  • Aug 29 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (auto self-starter), born in Loudenville, Ohio (d. 1958)
  • Aug 29 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), born in Haeju, Hwanghae, Korea (d. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • Sep 5 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 5 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal, born in Landsberg am Lech, Germany (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), born in Clunie, Dunkeld, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 6 Willem Adriaan Bonger, Dutch criminologist (Race & Crime), born in Amsterdam (d. 1940)
  • Sep 7 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), born in Auburn, South Australia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 11 Alfonso Broqua, Uruguayan composer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1946)
  • Sep 12 Flor Alpaerts, Flemish composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel, Pallieter), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Sep 13 Sherwood Anderson, American author and publisher (Winesburg Ohio), born in Camden, Ohio (d. 1941)

  • Sep 15 Bruno Walter, German symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1962)
  • Sep 15 Frank Gannett, American newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1957)
  • Sep 15 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), born in Debanandapur, Hooghly district, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Trawalla, Victoria, Australia (d. 1953)
  • Sep 22 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Charlie Llewellyn, South African cricketer (South African lefty all-rounder 1896-1912), born in Pietermaritzberg, Natal (d. 1964)
  • Sep 26 Edith Abbott, American social worker and educator (University of Chicago Social Sciences), born in Grand Island, Nebraska (d. 1957)
  • Sep 30 Katherine Griffith [Kiernan], American actress (Pollyanna, Fast Company), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1921)
  • Oct 4 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer and poet (Satyrs and Sunlight: Sylvarum Libri), born in Melbourne (d. 1958)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • Oct 8 Willie Smith, Scottish golfer (US Open 1899), born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • Oct 10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • Oct 11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 13 Rube Waddell, American baseball player, born in Bradford, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • Oct 19 Mordecai (3 finger) Brown, hall of fame pitcher
  • Oct 22 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • Oct 22 [Joseph Jacinto] Jo Mora, Uruguayan-born American cartoonist, cowboy and illustrator who lived with the Hopi tribe and wrote extensively of his experiences, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1947)
  • Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Oct 27 Jacqueline Royaards-Sandberg, Dutch actress (Un Soir Un Train), born in Pamekasan, Dutch Indies (d. 1976)
  • Oct 28 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • Oct 31 Eduard van Oort, Dutch ornithologist (Ornithology of Netherlands), born in Barneveld, Netherlands (d. 1933)
  • Nov 2 Eugeniusz Morawski-Dabrowa, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • Nov 3 Stephen Alencastre, Portuguese Roman Catholic prelate, born in Porto Santo, Madeira Islands, Portugal (d. 1940)
  • Nov 4 James Earle Fraser, American sculptor (Indian Head (Buffalo) nickel), born in Winona, Minnesota (d. 1953)
  • Nov 5 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), born in Damville, Eure, France (d. 1918)
  • Nov 6 Ernie Hayes MBE, English cricket all-rounder (5 Tests; Surrey, Leicestershire), born in London, England (d. 1953)
  • Nov 7 Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician (Gov-D-Cal), born in Fillmore, Utah (d. 1962)
  • Nov 7 Ted Arnold, English cricketer (England all-rounder in 10 Tests 1903-05), born in Withycombe Raleigh, Devon (d. 1942)
  • Nov 7 Charlie Townsend, English cricketer, born in Bristol (d. 1958)

  • Nov 8 Frank L. Gillespie, American founder of Supreme Life Insurance Company, born in Osceola, Arkansas (d. 1925)
  • Nov 17 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • Nov 19 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • Nov 23 Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (d. 1946)
  • Nov 24 Walter Griffin, US architect, city planner; designed Canberra, Aust
  • Nov 25 Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in San Anton Palace, Attard, British Malta (d. 1936)
  • Nov 26 Bart van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Person of interestWillis Carrier

Nov 26 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York (d. 1950)

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • Nov 28 Bert Vogler, South African cricketer (early South African googly bowler), born in Swartwater, South Africa (d. 1946)
  • Dec 4 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgarian poet (Iron Poems) (d. 1953)
  • Dec 6 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Dec 7 Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv), born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Dec 9 Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor (I'm Nobody's Sweetheart Now), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1940)
  • Dec 11 Mieczysław Karłowicz, Polish composer, born in Vishnyeva, Belarus (d. 1909)
  • Dec 12 Alvin Kraenzlein, American track and field athlete (4 Olympic gold 1900), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1928)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand Hardekopf, German writer and journalist, born in Varel, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Dec 19 Carlo Gatti, Italian composer (d. 1965)
  • Dec 20 J. Van Oudshoorn [Jan Koos Feylbrief], Dutch writer (Maze of Senses), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 20 Walter Sydney Adams, American astronomer, born in Antioch, Turkey
  • Dec 22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

Dec 25 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1948)

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • Dec 25 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)
  • Dec 29 Pablo Casals [Pau Casals i Defilló], Spanish cellist, conductor and composer, born in Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1973)