On This Day

Famous People Born in 1877

  • Jan 2 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d. 1906)
  • Jan 4 Gibson Gowland, British film actor (Greed, Blind Husbands, The Phantom of the Opera), born in Spennymoor, Durham, England (d. 1951)
  • Jan 7 Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • Jan 10 Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American inventor (electrostatic precipitator), born in Oakland, California (d. 1948)
  • Jan 12 Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • Jan 15 Lewis Terman, American psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test), born in Johnson County, Indiana (d. 1956)
  • Jan 17 Hans Jelmoli, Swiss pianist and composer, born in Zurich (d. 1936)
  • Jan 17 May Gibbs, Australian children's author (d. 1969)
  • Jan 18 Samuel Zemurray, U.S. businessman (d. 1961)
  • Jan 20 Ruth St. Denis, ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1968)
  • Jan 22 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • Jan 26 Kees van Dongen, Netherland, French painter
  • Jan 29 Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
  • Jan 31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • Feb 1 Thomas Frederick Dunhill, British composer (The Wind Among The Reeds), and teacher, born in London (d. 1946)
  • Feb 7 Feliks Nowowiejski, Polish organist and composer, born in Wartenburg, East Prussia, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • Feb 7 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), born in Cranleigh, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 7 Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
  • Feb 8 Helen Homans, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1906), born in Englewood, New Jersey (d. 1949)
  • Feb 12 Louis Renault, French automobile executive, born in Paris, France (d. 1944)
  • Feb 13 Jāzeps Mediņš, Latvian composer, born in Kaunas, Latvia, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • Feb 17 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian author/poet (L'homme Jeune)
  • Feb 17 Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
  • Feb 17 André Maginot, French politician, advocated for the Maginot Line, born in Paris, France (d. 1932)
  • Feb 18 Betsy Ranucci-Beckmann [Theodora Elisabeth Beckmann], Dutch author and actress (De huzaren, Dood Water), born in Bergen op Zoom, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • Feb 19 Else Berg, German born Dutch painter (Bergense School), born in Ratibor, German Empire (d. 1942)
  • Feb 19 Louis Francois-Marie Aubert, French composer (Habanera)
  • Feb 19 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • Feb 21 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist
  • Feb 22 Yme C Schuitmaker, Dutch potato salesman/dramatist
  • Feb 24 Rudolph Ganz, Swiss-American pianist, conductor (St. Louis Symphony, 1921-27), composer, and educator (Chicago Musical College, 1928-54), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1972)
  • Feb 24 Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist (d. 1936)
  • Feb 25 Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1935)
  • Feb 26 Carel Steven Adama van Scheltema, Dutch socialist poet, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • Feb 26 Russell Alexander, American vaudeville composer and entertainer (Barnum & Bailey Circus Band), born in Nevada, Missouri (d. 1915)
  • Feb 27 Walter O Briggs, American entrepreneur and sports team owner (Detroit Tigers 1935-52), born in Ypsilanti, Michigan (d. 1952)
  • Feb 28 Sergei Bortkiewicz, Russian-Austrian composer, pianist, and conductor, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • Mar 4 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), born in Claysville, Kentucky (d. 1963)
  • Mar 4 Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, composer
  • Mar 4 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector
  • Mar 4 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • Mar 9 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • Mar 10 David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • Mar 15 Malcolm Whitman, American tennis player (US Nat C'ships 1898-1900), born in New York, NY (d. 1932)
  • Mar 17 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • Mar 18 Clem Hill, cricketer (all-time great Australian batsman)
  • Mar 18 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • Mar 25 Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Mar 29 Reginald Goss-Custard, British organist, arranger and composer (Chelsea Fayre), born in St. Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex, England (d. 1956)
  • Apr 2 Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1941)
  • Apr 6 Ted Ray, British golfer (British Open 1912, US Open 1920), born in Jersey (d. 1943)
  • Apr 10 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • Apr 14 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Apr 17 Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1949)
  • Apr 18 Vicente Sotto, Filipino politician and author (Sotto Law, Republic Act No. 53), born in Cebu City, Spanish Empire (d. 1950)
  • Apr 19 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), born in Gjøvik, Norway (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Arthur Farwell, American composer, born in St Paul, Minnesota (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Charles Cuvillier, French composer of operetta (The Naughty Princess), born in Paris (d. 1955)
  • Apr 30 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion of Gertrude Stein, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1967)
  • May 3 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1925)
  • May 4 Arthur Lang, American boxer and businessman, born in Van Wert, Ohio (d. 1992)
  • May 10 Roderich Mojsisovics-Mojsvar, composer
  • May 25 Billy Murray, Irish-American vaudeville and early recording popular music tenor, known as the 'Denver Nightengale' ("Shine On, Harvest Moon"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)

Isadora Duncan

May 26 Isadora Duncan, American free form/interpretative dancer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1927)

  • May 26 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (La Mort de Sparte), born in Guebwiller, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1968)
  • May 26 Sadao Araki, Japanese general, Minister of War (1931-34), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1966)
  • Jun 3 Raoul Dufy, French Fauvist painter (Palm), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1953)
  • Jun 4 Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927), born in Pforzheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Jun 5 Johan W. Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • Jun 7 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), born in Widnes, England (d. 1944)
  • Jun 9 Rudolf Borchardt, German writer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Jun 11 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)
  • Jun 12 Thomas C. Hart, U.S. admiral and commander (Pacific Fleet), born in Davison, Michigan (d. 1971)
  • Jun 14 Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano, born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • Jun 17 Russell Simpson, American actor (San Francisco, Abraham Lincoln), born in Danville, California (d. 1959)
  • Jun 18 James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam), born in Pelham, New York (d. 1960)
  • Jun 19 Charles Coburn, American actor (Around the World in 80 Days, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • Jun 23 Blair Fairchild, American composer and diplomat, born in Belmont, Massachusetts (d. 1933)
  • Jun 23 Hermann Stephani, German organist, and musicologist, born in Grimma, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • Jun 24 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren), born in Moscow (d. 1957)

Hermann Hesse

Jul 2 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • Jul 6 David Stanley Smith, American composer (Merrymount), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1949)
  • Jul 6 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 1st Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic and President of Spain (1931-36), born in Priego de Cordoba, Spain (d. 1949)
  • Jul 8 Elin Pelin [Dimitar Ivanov Stoyanov], Bulgarian writer (The Gerak Family; Earth), of Bailovo, Ottoman Empire (d. 1949)
  • Jul 13 Karl Erb, German opera and oratorio tenor, born in Ravensburg, Kingdom of Württemberg (now Germany) (d. 1958)
  • Jul 16 Béla Schick, Hungarian-American paediatrician (Schick test), born in Balatonboglár, Hungary (d. 1967)
  • Jul 19 Arthur Fielder, English cricket fast bowler (6 Tests 1903-08), born in Plaxtol, Tonbridge, Kent (d. 1949)
  • Jul 20 Percy Dean, British naval lieutenant and politician who received the Victoria Cross for saving men during the raid of Zeebrugge, born in Blackburn, Lancashire, England (d. 1939)
  • Jul 24 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian Mafia boss, born in Villalba, Sicily, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Jul 27 Ernst von Dohnányi [Dohnányi Ernő], Hungarian composer and conductor, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1960)
  • Jul 30 Charles Radoux-Rogier, Belgian composer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Aug 1 Charlotte Hughes, British supercentenarian (lived under the rule of 6 monarchs and 24 British Prime Ministers), born in Middlesbrough, England (d. 1993)
  • Aug 1 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP), born in Willemstad, North Brabant (d. 1955)
  • Aug 4 Dame Laura Knight, English impressionist artist, born in Long Eaton, Derbyshire, England (d. 1970)
  • Aug 5 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter, born in Claremont, Ontario (d. 1917)
  • Aug 6 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1952)
  • Aug 7 Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (d. 1949)
  • Aug 10 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • Aug 10 Frank Marshall, American chess player (d. 1944)
  • Aug 11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d. 1954)
  • Aug 16 Karl Hoschna, Tin Pan Alley-era composer (Every Little Movement), born in Kuschwarda, Bohemia (d. 1911)
  • Aug 25 Joshua L. Cowen, American inventor (electric train), born in NYC, New York (d. 1965)
  • Aug 26 Harriet Ware (Krumbhaar), American concert pianist, composer (Women's Triumphal March; The Rose Is Red; The Varying Shore), and music educator, born in Waupun, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • Aug 27 Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd), born in Berkeley Square, London (d. 1910)
  • Aug 27 Lloyd C. Douglas, American novelist (The Big Fisherman), born in Columbia City, Indiana (d. 1951)
  • Aug 27 Ernst Wetter, Member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Töss, Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • Aug 29 Dudley Pound, British admiral of the fleet and 1st Sea Lord (Jutland, WW II), born in Ventnor, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1943)
  • Aug 31 Lizzie Arlington, American baseball pitcher (first woman to play professional men's baseball 1898 Reading Coal Heavers), born in Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)
  • Sep 1 Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)

Frederick Soddy

Sep 2 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel laureate, (d. 1956), born in Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1956)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • Sep 5 Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter and etcher, born in Schaarbeek, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1920)
  • Sep 6 Petar Stojanovic, Serbian composer, born in Budapest (d. 1957)
  • Sep 6 Charles "Buddy" Bolden, African-American jazz cornetist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1931)
  • Sep 7 Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player, born in Maum, County Galway, Ireland (d. 1959)
  • Sep 9 Frank Chance, American baseball player, manager and "Tinkers to Evers to Chance", born in Salida, California (d. 1924
  • Sep 9 Jesús Castillo, Guatemalan composer (Quiché Vinak), born in San Juan Ostuncalco (d. 1946)
  • Sep 10 Georgia Douglas Johnson, African American poet and playwright (Autumn Love Cycle), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1966)
  • Sep 11 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
  • Sep 11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer who led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911–12, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Sep 13 Stanley Lord, Captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster, born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1962)
  • Sep 15 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, born in Bystřice pod Hostýnem, Czech Republic (d. 1938)
  • Sep 15 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, born in Zduńska Wola, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • Sep 16 Willem Huibert Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Pandji), born in Roosendaal, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • Sep 17 Jean Hure, French composer and organist, born in Gien, Loire (d. 1930)
  • Sep 18 Jozef de Voght, Flemish priest and songwriter (Under the Snow), born in Broechem, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Sep 20 Armand Marsick, Belgian composer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • Sep 25 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary and president (1924-28), born in Guaymas, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Edmund Gwenn, English actor (Miracle on 34th Street), born in London, England (d. 1959)
  • Sep 26 Alfred Cortot, French-Swiss pianist and teacher, born in Nyon, Vaud, Switzerland (d. 1962)
  • Sep 26 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy), born in Conegliano, Italy (d. 1963)
  • Sep 28 Stanner E.V. Taylor, American director and screenwriter (Lucky Jim, Ramona), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1948)
  • Oct 2 William C. Fownes Jr, American golfer and administrator (US Amateur C'ship 1910; President US Golf Ass'n 1926-27), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1950)
  • Oct 4 Razor Smith, English cricket spin bowler (245 first class matches, Surry CCC), born in Oxford, England (d. 1946)
  • Oct 8 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Oct 11 John Parsons Beach, American composer, born in Gloversville, New York (d. 1953)
  • Oct 13 Bernard Bosanquet, English cricketer (pioneer of googly), born in Bulls Cross, Enfield, Middlesex, England (d. 1936)
  • Oct 18 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • Oct 20 Josephine McGill, American composer and folksong collector, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1919)

Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt

Oct 20 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Sr., American businessman and sportsman (New York Central Railway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)

Business Magnate Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt
Business Magnate
Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt
  • Oct 24 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Voskresensk, Moscow Oblast, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Oct 24 Rika Hopper, Dutch actress (Cesare, The Tars, Anastasia), born in Assen, Drenthe, Netherlands (d. 1964)
  • Oct 25 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)
  • Oct 27 George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
  • Oct 28 Joe Adams, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals), born in Cowden, Illinois (d. 1952)
  • Oct 29 Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (Yorks & Eng SLA, played Tests 1899-1930), born in Kirkheaton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1973)
  • Oct 29 Narcisa de León, Filipino film mogul, born in San Miguel, Bulacan, Philippines (d. 1966)
  • Nov 1 Roger Quilter, British composer, born in Hove, Sussex (d. 1953)
  • Nov 2 Claire McDowell, American actress (Big Parade), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)

Victor Trumper

Nov 2 Victor Trumper, Australian Cricket Batsman (48 Tests, top score 214; key figure foundation of rugby league in Australia), born in Sydney, NSW (d. 1915)

Cricketer Victor Trumper
Cricketer
Victor Trumper

Aga Khan III

Nov 2 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Nov 2 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul, born in Mdina, Malta (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, 19th and 25th President of Chile, born in Chillán, Chile (d. 1960)
  • Nov 7 Henry Balfour Gardiner, English composer and musician, born in Kensington, England (d. 1950)
  • Nov 9 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, born in Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India (d. 1938)
  • Nov 9 Sergei US Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • Nov 9 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician, 1st President of Italy (1948), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1959)
  • Nov 14 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/author (Emergency Horn)

Norman Brookes

Nov 14 Norman Brookes, Australian tennis player (Wimbledon 1907, 14), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1968)

Tennis Player Norman Brookes
Tennis Player
Norman Brookes
  • Nov 16 Halliwell Hobbes, British actor (Gaslight, Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), born in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • Nov 17 Frank Calder, the first NHL President (d. 1943)
  • Nov 18 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), born in Ryde, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1959)
  • Nov 21 Louis Campbell-Tipton, American composer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1921)
  • Nov 21 Sigfrid Karg-Elert, German composer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Germany (d. 1933)
  • Nov 22 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), born in Ermindszent, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • Nov 22 Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona, born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1930)
  • Nov 24 Alben W Barkley, Graves County Ky, (35th Vice Pres-D-1949-53)
  • Nov 24 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian CID Commissioner of Police (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Harley Granville-Barker, English dramatist, producer (The Voysey Inheritance) and critic, born in London (d. 1946)
  • Dec 8 Paul Ladmirault, French composer, born in Nantes, France (d. 1944)
  • Dec 13 Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer, born in Selevyntsi, Podolia, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • Dec 14 Lieven Duvosel, Flemish music composer (Leiecyclys), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Dec 18 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Dec 31 Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author, born in Wirksworth, United Kingdom (d. 1967)